Wadsworth et al v. Capital Circle Hotel Company, Inc.
ORDER denying 20 Motion to Amend Complaint. Signed by Magistrate Judge Katherine P. Nelson on 10/11/2016. (srr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
SHARON WADSWORTH and
CAPITAL CIRCLE HOTEL
COMPANY, INC. d/b/a Sleep Inn
Gulf Front Hotel d/b/a Slidell Hotel )
CIVIL ACTION NO. 16-00386-N
This action is before the Court on the Plaintiffs’ Second Motion for Leave of
Court to Amend the Original Complaint and Add an Additional Defendant, Tidy
Staffing Solutions, Ltd. (Doc. 20). The Plaintiffs represent that counsel for the
Defendant has been contacted regarding the substance of the motion and “has no
objection” to the Court granting it. Nevertheless, upon consideration, the Court
finds the motion is due to be DENIED.
This action was removed to this Court from Alabama state court under 28
U.S.C. § 1441(a), with diversity of citizenship under 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a) being the
sole basis alleged for original jurisdiction.
(See Doc. 1).
Per the Defendant’s
allegations in the notice of removal, which the Plaintiffs have not challenged, the
natural person Plaintiffs are citizens of Alabama, while the Defendant corporation
is a Florida citizen (as it was incorporated in that state and has its principal place of
business there, see 28 U.S.C. § 1332(c)(1)). (Doc. 1 at 3 – 4, ¶ 7).
Though brought as a motion to amend the complaint under Federal Rule of
Civil Procedure 15(a)(2), the present motion is in substance a motion for joinder
under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 20, as it seeks to add an additional
defendant, Tidy Staffing.1 See Ingram v. CSX Transp., Inc., 146 F.3d 858, 862 (11th
Cir. 1998) (“Although Ingram styled her motion to add the City as a motion to
amend her complaint pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a), this amendment amounted
to a joinder, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 20[,]” where amendment solely sought to
add an additional defendant.). Thus, “in determining whether to grant [the
Plaintiffs’] motion, the [C]ourt [must] consider 28 U.S.C.A. § 1447(e), which
provides: ‘If after removal the plaintiff seeks to join additional defendants whose
joinder would destroy subject matter jurisdiction, the court may deny joinder, or
permit joinder and remand the action to the State court.’ ” Id.
The Plaintiffs allege that Tidy Staffing is “a corporate entity located in the
State of Ohio but doing business on a regular basis in Baldwin County, Alabama…”
(Id. at 3). This allegation is insufficient to establish Tidy Staffing’s citizenship for
purposes of § 1332(a). If Tidy Staffing is indeed a corporation, as the Plaintiffs
allege, then they must allege “every State and foreign state by which it has been
incorporated and the State or foreign state where it has its principal place of
business…” 28 U.S.C. § 1332(c)(1). The Plaintiffs have alleged neither, instead
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 19 is inapplicable because, “as an alleged joint tortfeasor,
[Tidy Staffing] is a ‘dispensable’ party.” Ingram v. CSX Transp., Inc., 146 F.3d 858, 861 n.2
(11th Cir. 1998) (citing Temple v. Synthes Corp., Ltd., 498 U.S. 5, 7 (1990) (citing Advisory
Committee Notes to Fed. R. Civ. P. 19(a), which state that “a tortfeasor with the usual
‘joint-and-several’ liability is merely a permissive party to an action against another with
identifying only states where it is allegedly “located” or “does business.”
However, the use of the identifier “Ltd.,” rather than “Inc.,” suggests that
Tidy Staffing is in fact an unincorporated entity.2 The rule for diversity jurisdiction
is “that the citizenship of an artificial, unincorporated entity generally depends on
the citizenship of all the members composing the organization.” Rolling Greens,
MHP, L.P. v. Comcast SCH Holdings, L.L.C., 374 F.3d 1020, 1021 (11th Cir. 2004)
(per curiam) (citing Carden v. Arkoma Assocs., 494 U.S. 185, 195-96 (1990)). See
also Americold Realty Trust v. Conagra Foods, Inc., 136 S. Ct. 1012, 1016 (2016)
(“So long as … an entity is unincorporated, we apply our ‘oft-repeated rule’ that it
possesses the citizenship of all its members.” (reaffirming Carden)). As such, “to
sufficiently allege the citizenships of … unincorporated business entities, a party
must list the citizenships of all the members” of those entities. Rolling Greens, 374
F.3d at 1022.
Accord Mallory & Evans Contractors & Eng’rs, LLC v. Tuskegee
Univ., 663 F.3d 1304, 1305 (11th Cir. 2011) (per curiam). The Plaintiffs have not
alleged this information either.
Under § 1447(e), a district court “ha[s] no discretion to add [a non-diverse
party] as a defendant, retain jurisdiction and decide the case on the merits.”
Ingram, 146 F.3d at 862. Rather, when § 1447(e) applies, a district court has “only
two options: (1) deny joinder; or (2) permit joinder and remand [the] case to state
Because the Plaintiffs have not provided sufficient information to
determine the citizenship of proposed additional defendant Tidy Staffing for
The “Business Name Search” tool on the website for the Ohio Secretary of State
(http://www.sos.state.oh.us/sos/ (last visited Oct. 11, 2016)) reveals that the entity
registered as Tidy Staffing Solutions, Ltd. is a limited liability company.
purposes of § 1332(a), the Court is unable to ascertain whether the joinder of Tidy
Staffing will destroy diversity jurisdiction.3 Accordingly, it is ORDERED that the
Plaintiffs’ Second Motion for Leave of Court to Amend the Original Complaint and
Add an Additional Defendant, Tidy Staffing Solutions, Ltd. (Doc. 20), construed as
a motion to join Tidy Staffing under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 20, is
DONE and ORDERED this the 11th day of October 2016.
/s/ Katherine P. Nelson
KATHERINE P. NELSON
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
“It is . . . axiomatic that the inferior federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction. They
are ‘empowered to hear only those cases within the judicial power of the United States as
defined by Article III of the Constitution,’ and which have been entrusted to them by a
jurisdictional grant authorized by Congress.” Univ. of S. Ala. v. Am. Tobacco Co., 168 F.3d
405, 409 (11th Cir. 1999) (quoting Taylor v. Appleton, 30 F.3d 1365, 1367 (11th Cir. 1994)).
Accordingly, “it is well settled that a federal court is obligated to inquire into subject matter
jurisdiction sua sponte whenever it may be lacking … [A] court should inquire into whether
it has subject matter jurisdiction at the earliest possible stage in the proceedings.” Id. at
409-10. See also Ingram, 146 F.3d at 861-63 (raising issue of diversity-destroying joinder
under § 1447(e) for the first time on appeal).
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