Poole v. Mukasey et al
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION recommending that this Court dismiss, w/o prejudice, the 1 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus, as prematurely filed, as set out, & the dismissal is w/o prejudice to Poole's right to file a new habeas petition in the future as set out. Objections to R&R due by 7/22/2009. Signed by Magistrate Judge Sonja F. Bivins on 7/2/09. (copy mailed to Petitioner on 7/2/09) (tot)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA NORTHERN DIVISION RODWELL POOLE, Petitioner, vs. TOMMY BUFORD, et al.,1 Respondents. : : : : : REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION Rodwell Poole, a citizen and native of Guyana, filed a habeas corpus petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 challenging his continued detention by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Immigration and Customs Enforcement ("ICE").2 (Doc. 1). action has been referred to the undersigned for report This and CIVIL ACTION 08-00485-CG-B
recommendation pursuant to 28 U.S.C § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule 72.1(c) and is now ready for consideration. The record is adequate to determine Poole's claims; thus, no evidentiary hearing is David O. Streiff is no longer the Warden of the Perry County Correctional Center. Accordingly, pursuant to the provisions of Rule 25(d) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Tommy Buford, Acting Warden of that facility, is hereby substituted for Streiff as the proper respondent in this action. This is Poole's second habeas petition in this Court challenging his continued detention by ICE. By Order dated July 18, 2007, the District Court adopted the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation in Poole v. Streiff, et al., CA No. 0700127-KD-B, which determined that Petitioner's claims were premature and issued an Order dismissing his habeas petition without prejudice. (CA No. 07-00127-KD-B, Docs. 20, 21).
Following that the
prejudice, because it is premature. FINDINGS OF FACT 1. Poole is a citizen of Guyana, who was admitted to the United
States at New York, New York as a lawful permanent resident on October 10, 1976. (Doc. 11). 2. Following convictions for various offenses committed between
April 1997 and June 2000, removal proceedings were initiated against Poole on June 17, 2002.3 On that same date, Poole was (Docs. 1, Exs. A; D, p. 35; 11). taken into ICE custody after
completion of his criminal sentence. (Doc. 1, p. 2; Doc. 11, Ex. D). Poole was released on bond, but was again taken into custody by ICE officials in February 2006. 3. (Id.)
On May 5, 2006, an Immigration Judge ("IJ") denied Poole's
application for withholding of removal to Guyana, his application for deferral of removal, his claim to derivative citizenship, and his claim that he is a U.S. national. (Doc. 11, Ex. A). In
addition, the IJ ordered him removed from the United States to Guyana. (Id.; Doc. 1). 4. Poole appealed, on June 7, 2006, the IJ's order to the Board
The record indicates that Poole was convicted of misdemeanor and felony assault, first degree reckless endangerment, and third degree criminal possession of a weapon. See (Docs. 1, Ex. A; 11).
of Immigration Appeals ("BIA"); however, his appeal was dismissed as untimely on August 2, 2006. (Docs. 1; 11, Ex. B). Shortly
thereafter, on August 31, 2006, Poole filed a petition for review of agency action in the Second Circuit Court of Appeals and was subsequently granted a stay of removal.4 (Doc. 11, Exs. C, D). 5. On November 13, 2007, ICE provided Poole with a Decision to
Continue Detention, wherein it was determined that based on Poole's prior criminal history, he would be a threat to society if released from ICE custody. (Doc. 11, Ex. D). 6. On March 27, 2008, after review of the decision of the BIA,
the Second Circuit Court of Appeals remanded Poole's derivative citizenship claim back to the BIA and dismissed the remainder of his claims for lack of jurisdiction. (Doc. 1, Ex. A).
Subsequently, the BIA dismissed Poole's derivative citizenship claim and terminated his proceedings on September 16, 2008. (Doc. 11, Ex. E). 7. On August 21, 2008, Poole filed the instant petition for writ
of habeas corpus, seeking his immediate release from ICE custody on the ground that his continued detention violates the Constitution. For relief, he seeks release from ICE custody under an order of supervision or on a reasonable bond and an award of attorneys fees.
According to Respondents, the Embassy of Guyana issued travel documents on Poole's behalf on August 31, 2006; however, because Poole requested and was granted a stay of removal by the Second Circuit, he was not removed to Guyana. (Doc. 11, Ex. D).
(Doc. 1). 8. Subsequent to filing the instant petition, Poole, on October
3, 2008, filed for review of agency order with the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. (Docs. 10, Ex. 2; Doc. 11, Ex. F). Contemporaneously therewith, Poole filed another motion for stay of deportation (Doc. 11, Ex. F), which was granted on March 13, 2009. (U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, Docket # 08-4862ag); see also (Doc. 12, p. 3). 9. Respondents have filed an Answer, wherein they assert that
because Poole has petitioned for a stay of removal and thereby prevented his deportation to Guyana, his habeas petition is due to be dismissed as premature. (Id.) 10. This Court has reviewed the docket of the Second Circuit,
which reflects that Poole's case is still pending. (U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, Docket # 08-4862-ag); see also (Doc. 12, p. 3). CONCLUSIONS OF LAW The United States Supreme Court, in Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678, 687-88 (2001), held that 28 U.S.C. § 2241 confers jurisdiction on federal courts to entertain actions such as this. In interpreting 8 U.S.C. § 12315, the Zadvydas Court held that the 8 U.S.C. § 1231, entitled "Detention and Removal of Aliens to be removed," states in pertinent part: (a) Detention, release, and removal of aliens ordered removed
statute "limits an alien's post-removal period detention to a period reasonably necessary to bring about that alien's removal from the United States. It does not permit indefinite detention." The Court went on to hold that "six
Zadvydas, 533 U.S. at 689.
(1) Removal period (A) In general Except as otherwise provided in this section, when an alien is ordered removed, the Attorney General shall remove the alien from the United States within a period of 90 days (in this section referred to as the "removal period"). (B) Beginning of period The removal period begins on the latest of the following: (I) the date the order of removal becomes administratively final. (ii) If the removal order is judicially reviewed and if a court orders a stay of the removal of the alien, the date of the court's final Order. (iii) If the alien is detained or confined (except under an Immigration process), the date the alien is released from detention or confinement. (C) Suspension of period The removal period shall be extended beyond a period of 90 days and the alien may remain in detention during such extended period if the alien fails or refuses to make timely application in good faith for travel or other documents necessary to the alien's departure or conspires or acts to prevent the alien's removal subject to an order of removal.
months [was] a presumptively reasonable period of time to detain a removable alien awaiting deportation" pursuant to § 1231. See Akinwale v. Ashcroft, 287 F.3d 1050, 1051 (11th Cir. 2002). Relying on the Zadvydas decision, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals, in Akinwale, held that the six-month period "must have expired at the time [Petitioner's] petition was filed in order to state a claim under Zadvydas." Akinwale, 287 F.3d at 1052. The
Akinwale Court also noted that the six-month period could be interrupted by a petitioner's motion for a stay of deportation or removal. See id., n.4 ("Akinwale was taken into custody on November 17, 1999, and interrupted the running of time under Zadvydas by moving on December 3, 1999, for a stay of deportation in his prior appeal to this Court. The stay was granted on January 1, 2000. ...
Akinwale subsequently filed the § 2241 petition in this case on March 21, 2000. Thus, Akinwale, unlike the aliens in Zadvyas,
chose to simultaneously challenge issues related to his removal order and his post-removal period detention. Therefore, Akinwale
did not have even an unencumbered month of detention prior to filing his § 2241 petition, let alone the requisite six months."); 8 U.S.C. § 1231(a)(1)(c) ("The removal period shall be extended beyond a period of 90 days and the alien may remain in detention during such extended period if the alien fails or refuses to make timely application in good faith for travel or other documents necessary to the alien's departure or conspires or acts to prevent
the alien's removal subject to an order of removal."). In this case, Poole has once again filed his petition
In fact, Poole's filing date in the instant action,
August 21, 2008, came almost one month before the BIA terminated his proceedings on September 16, 2008, which presumably made all his proceedings administratively final. (Doc. 11). In addition, a
mere 17 days after the BIA terminated the proceedings, Poole, on October 3, 2008, filed another petition for review of agency order with the Second Circuit. Poole's removal has been stayed by the
Second Circuit6, and his petition is currently pending before the Second Circuit Court of Appeals. Poole has failed to demonstrate
that he has been detained for a period of six-months prior to the filing of this action in accordance with Akinwale; thus, he has not stated a claim for relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 and Zadvydas.7 Further, the motion to stay which is still in effect continues to toll the six-month period. CONCLUSION For these reasons, the undersigned recommends that this Court
It is noteworthy that the last Decision to Continue Detention contained in the record before the Court, executed January 5, 2009, indicates that ICE is presently in possession of travel documents issued for Poole by the Embassy of Guyana and that "ICE is ready to effect [Petitioner's] removal once the Stay of Removal has been lifted." (Doc. 12, p. 3). At most, the short period between the BIA's decision dismissing Poole's derivative citizenship claim on September 16, 2008, and Poole's petition to the Second Circuit on October 3, 2008, could count toward the six month period of detention recognized as presumptively reasonable by the Supreme Court.
dismiss, without prejudice, Rodwell Poole's petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 as prematurely filed, pursuant to 8 U.S.C. § 1231. The dismissal is without prejudice to Poole's right to file a new habeas petition in the future when he is able to state a claim under Zadvydas.8 The attached sheet contains important information regarding objections to the report and recommendation of the undersigned magistrate judge.9 Done this the 2nd day of July, 2009. /s/ SONJA F. BIVINS UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Petitioner recently filed a notice of change of address with the Court on June 18, 2009, which indicates that he is now being detained at LaSalle Detention Facility, P.O. Box 560, Trout, Louisiana 71371. (Doc. 15). As the undersigned has recommended that Petitioner's petition be dismissed, any new petitions should be filed in the district where he is currently housed. In light of this Report and Recommendation, Poole's documents entitled "Motion to Expedited Judgment" (Doc. 13) and "Motion to Amend Additional Evidence" (Doc. 14) are DENIED as moot.
MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S EXPLANATION OF PROCEDURAL RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES FOLLOWING RECOMMENDATION AND FINDINGS CONCERNING NEED FOR TRANSCRIPT 1. Objection. Any party who objects to this recommendation or anything in it must, within ten days of the date of service of this document, file specific written objections with the clerk of court. Failure to do so will bar a de novo determination by the district judge of anything in the recommendation and will bar an attack, on appeal, of the factual findings of the magistrate judge. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); Lewis v. Smith, 855 F.2d 736, 738 (11th Cir. 1988). The procedure for challenging the findings and recommendations of the magistrate judge is set out in more detail in SD ALA LR 72.4 (June 1, 1997), which provides, in part, that: A party may object to a recommendation entered by a magistrate judge in a dispositive matter, that is, a matter excepted by 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A), by filing a "Statement of Objection to Magistrate Judge's Recommendation" within ten days after being served with a copy of the recommendation, unless a different time is established by order. The statement of objection shall specify those portions of the recommendation to which objection is made and the basis for the objection. The objecting party shall submit to the district judge, at the time of filing the objection, a brief setting forth the party's arguments that the magistrate judge's recommendation should be reviewed de novo and a different disposition made. It is insufficient to submit only a copy of the original brief submitted to the magistrate judge, although a copy of the original brief may be submitted or referred to and incorporated into the brief in support of the objection. Failure to submit a brief in support of the objection may be deemed an abandonment of the objection. A magistrate judge's recommendation cannot be appealed to a Court of Appeals; only the district judge's order or judgment can be appealed. 2. Opposing party's response to the objection. Any opposing party may submit a brief opposing the objection within ten (10) days of being served with a copy of the statement of objection. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72; SD ALA LR 72.4(b). 3. Transcript (applicable where proceedings tape recorded). Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 and Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b), the magistrate judge finds that the tapes and original records in this action are adequate for purposes of review. Any party planning to object to this recommendation, but unable to pay the fee for a transcript, is advised that a judicial determination that transcription is necessary is required before the United States will pay the cost of the transcript.
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