Mhamed v. Holder et al
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION recommending that the 1 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus be DISMISSED as moot as set out. Objections to R&R due by 5/29/2009. Signed by Magistrate Judge Sonja F. Bivins on 5/15/09. (copy mailed to Pet @ PCCC & Astoria, NY addresses on 5/15/09) (tot)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA NORTHERN DIVISION QUARDANI MHAMED, Petitioner, v. TOMMY BUFORD1, et al., Respondents. : : : : : : : : :
CIVIL ACTION NO. 09-00093-CG-B
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION Quardani Mhamed, a native and citizen of Morocco, filed a habeas corpus petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 challenging his continued detention by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Immigration and Customs Enforcement ("ICE"). referred to the undersigned for entry This matter has been of a report and
recommendation pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule 72.1(c). Following a careful review of the record, it is
recommended that the instant petition be dismissed as moot because Mhamed is no longer in ICE custody, having been released from ICE custody pending deportation. I. 1. FINDINGS OF FACT Mhamed acknowledges that he is a native and citizen of Morocco
and that on April 21, 2008, he was taken into ICE custody where he David O. Streiff is no longer the Warden of the Perry County Correctional Center. Accordingly, pursuant to the provisions of Rule 25(d) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Tommy Buford, Acting Warden of that facility, is hereby substituted for Streiff as the proper respondent in this action.
Mhamed asserts that he was ordered removed from the
United States by an Immigration Judge on June 2, 2008; however, the Government has failed to remove him. (Doc. 1, p. 2-3). 2. On February 25, 2009, Mhamed filed the instant petition for
writ of habeas corpus. In his petition, Mhamed argues that his continued detention by ICE officials violates the provisions of 8 U.S.C. 1231(a)(6) as interpreted by the United States Supreme Court in Zavydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678, 121 S.Ct. 2491 (2001). (Doc. 1). Mhamed does not contest the order of removal but instead seeks immediate release from custody under an order of supervised release pending deportation and an order enjoining Respondents from any further unlawful detention of his person. (Id. at 6). According to Mhamed, he has cooperated fully with ICE; however, the Government has been unable to remove him to Morocco. (Id. at 3-4). 3. Respondents filed an Answer to Mhamed's petition on April 20,
2009, wherein they advised the Court that Mhamed was released from ICE custody under an order of supervision on March 16, 2009. (Doc. 2). Respondents contend that in light of Mhamed's release from ICE custody, his habeas petition is now moot. (Id.) 4. On April 21, 2009, the Court entered an Order directing Mhamed
to show cause by May 20, 2009, why his habeas petition should not be dismissed as moot given the Government's representation that he has been released from custody. (Doc. 3). that the Court's Order sent to 2 Mhamed The docket reflects at the Perry County
provided the Court, was returned with the notations "Return To Sender[;] Not Deliverable As Addressed[;] Unable To Forward" on April 29, 2009. (Doc. 4). As a result, the Court sent the Order dated April 21, 2009, to the address provided in Mhamed's Order of Supervision.2 However, on May 12, 2009, the Order was returned to
the Court with the notations Return To Sender[;] Attempted Not Known[;] Unable To Forward." (Doc. 5). II. 1. CONCLUSIONS OF LAW "In reviewing a petition for writ of habeas corpus by a
detained alien who is subject to a final order of removal, a federal district court, pursuant to the authority of 28 U.S.C. § 2241(c)(3), is to gauge whether a particular set of circumstances amounts to detention within, or beyond, a period reasonably
necessary to secure removal." He v. Gonzales, 2006 WL 1687796, *1 (W.D. La. 2006). Where, as here, a § 2241 petitioner has been released from federal custody pending deportation to his native country, thereby garnering the relief sought in filing his habeas corpus petition, the issue becomes whether there is any longer a live case or controversy or, instead, if the petition has become moot. See id. The Order of Supervision, signed and acknowledged by Mhamed on March 16, 2009, lists his current address as 2555 33rd Street, Astoria, New York 11102. (Doc. 2, Ex. 1). However, mail sent to this address was returned to the Court undelivered. Thus, the Court is unable to confirm Petitioner's actual address. 3
The Eleventh Circuit has observed that "Article III of the
Constitution limits the jurisdiction of the federal courts to the consideration of `Cases' and `Controversies.'" Soliman v. United
States ex rel. INS, 296 F.3d 1237, 1242 (11th Cir. 2002) (citation omitted); see also Al Najjar v. Ashcroft, 273 F.3d 1330, 1335 (11th Cir. 2001) (same). Moreover, "[t]he doctrine of mootness derives
directly from the case or controversy limitation because `an action that is moot cannot be characterized as an active case or
controversy.'" Soliman, 296 F.3d at 1242. Put another way, "a case is moot when it no longer presents a live controversy with respect to which the court can give meaningful relief." Therefore, "[i]f
events that occur subsequent to the filing of a lawsuit or an appeal deprive the court of the ability to give the plaintiff or appellant meaningful relief, then the case is moot and must be dismissed." In fact, "dismissal is required because mootness is
jurisdictional." Id. (internal citations omitted). 3. Several district courts have determined that where an alien is
released from ICE custody pending removal from the United States, "his petition for habeas relief under Zavydas is moot." He, supra, 2006 WL 1687796, at *1; see also Abdalla v. Ashcroft, 2004 WL 2315089, at *2 (W.D.N.Y. 2004) ("As, however, Petitioner does not dispute he was released from administrative custody on January 30, 2004, the instant petition no longer presents a case or controversy pursuant to Article III, § 2 of the United States Constitution."), 4
adopted by Abdalla v. Ashcroft, 2004 WL 2491646 (W.D.N.Y. 2004). 4. Given the extant case law, the undersigned finds that Mhamed's
petition for habeas corpus relief is now moot because there exists no active case or controversy. Mhamed has been released from ICE Thus, this Court
custody and is presumably residing in New York.
can no longer grant Mhamed the relief requested in his petition, namely his immediate release from ICE's custody pending his removal from the United States, because this relief has already been afforded him. (See Doc. 2). Because there is nothing to remedy
even if this Court were disposed to do so, this action should be dismissed without prejudice. Soliman, supra, 296 F.3d at 1243, quoting Spencer v. Kemna, 523 U.S. 1, 18, 118 S.Ct. 978, 988, 140 L.Ed.2d 43 (1998). III. CONCLUSION In light of the foregoing, the undersigned Magistrate Judge recommends that Mhamed's petition seeking habeas corpus relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 be DISMISSED as moot. The attached sheet contains important information regarding objections to the report and recommendation of the Magistrate Judge. DONE this 14th day of May, 2009. /s/ SONJA F. BIVINS UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S EXPLANATION OF PROCEDURAL RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES FOLLOWING RECOMMENDATION AND FINDINGS CONCERNING NEED FOR TRANSCRIPT 1. Objection. Any party who objects to this recommendation or anything in it must, within ten days of the date of service of this document, file specific written objections with the clerk of court. Failure to do so will bar a de novo determination by the district judge of anything in the recommendation and will bar an attack, on appeal, of the factual findings of the magistrate judge. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(c); Lewis v. Smith, 855 F.2d 736, 738 (11th Cir. 1988); Nettles v. Wainwright, 677 F.2d 404 (5th Cir. Unit B, 1982)(en banc). The procedure for challenging the findings and recommendations of the magistrate judge is set out in more detail in SD ALA LR 72.4 (June 1, 1997), which provides that: A party may object to a recommendation entered by a magistrate judge in a dispositive matter, that is, a matter excepted by 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A), by filing a "Statement of Objection to Magistrate Judge's Recommendation" within ten days after being served with a copy of the recommendation, unless a different time is established by order. The statement of objection shall specify those portions of the recommendation to which objection is made and the basis for the objection. The objecting party shall submit to the district judge, at the time of filing the objection, a brief setting forth the party's arguments that the magistrate judge's recommendation should be reviewed de novo and a different disposition made. It is insufficient to submit only a copy of the original brief submitted to the magistrate judge, although a copy of the original brief may be submitted or referred to and incorporated into the brief in support of the objection. Failure to submit a brief in support of the objection may be deemed an abandonment of the objection. A magistrate judge's recommendation cannot be appealed to a Court of Appeals; only the district judge's order or judgment can be appealed. 2. Transcript (applicable where proceedings tape recorded). Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 and Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b), the magistrate judge finds that the tapes and original records in this action are adequate for purposes of review. Any party planning to object to this recommendation, but unable to pay the fee for a transcript, is advised that a judicial determination that transcription is necessary is required before the United States will pay the cost of the transcript. /s/ SONJA F. BIVINS UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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