Muhammad v. Bethel-Muhammad et al
Order denying without prejudice the 81 Reiterated and Recycled Motion and Application for Default Judgment against Brenda Bethel. Signed by Chief Judge William H. Steele on 4/24/2012. Copy mailed to Plaintiff & Paul Vaughn Russell. (tgw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
KALIM A.R. MUHAMMAD, etc.,
) CIVIL ACTION 11-0690-WS-B
BRENDA BETHEL-MUHAMMAD, et al.,)
This matter is before the Court on the plaintiff’s “reiterated and recycled motion
and application for default judgment on Brenda Bethel: failure to answer court
summons.” (Doc. 81). As set forth in a previous order, (Doc. 76), the plaintiff has
submitted a green card reflecting that, on March 13, 2012, Bethel signed for a certified
mailing addressed to her. (Doc. 67). The plaintiff has represented that, included within
the certified mailing were: (1) summons; (2) the amended complaint; and (3) waiver-ofservice forms. (Doc. 66 at 4).
Had the plaintiff provided Bethel only the amended complaint and summons
requiring her to respond within the 21 days provided by Rule 12(a)(1)(A)(i), the Court
could find that Bethel is in default. However, the plaintiff elected to serve Bethel with
“waivers” as well as summons, (Doc. 66 at 3, 4), which triggers different time periods.
Under Rule 4(d)(3), a defendant who timely returns a waiver has 60 days to
respond to the complaint. Under Rule 4(d)(1)(F), the plaintiff informs the defendant how
long (but no less than 30 days) the defendant has to return the waiver. If the plaintiff
filled out the forms by giving Bethel the minimum 30 days to return the waiver, then the
Court could conclude that her ability to elect the extended response time afforded by
Rule 4(d) has expired. But the plaintiff has made no such showing. Therefore, the Court
must assume that the plaintiff gave Bethel a longer time to return the waiver and cannot
assume this time period has expired.
Under Rule 4(d)(3), a defendant properly invoking waiver has until 60 days after
the waiver was sent to respond to the amended complaint. The waiver was sent on March
12, 2012. Therefore, regardless of how long the plaintiff gave Bethel to return the
waiver, she must respond to the amended complaint on or before May 11, 2012. After
that date, she will be vulnerable to entry of default.1
For the reasons set forth above, the plaintiff’s motion is denied, without prejudice
to his ability to seek default at an appropriate time.
DONE and ORDERED this 24th day of April, 2012.
s/ WILLIAM H. STEELE
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
The plaintiff also repeats arguments that Bethel has been personally served with process
and has been served by process server. (Doc. 81 at 2-3). As the Court has already explained,
(Doc. 76 at 2 n.1), these efforts at service were legally ineffective.
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