Katts v. Astrue
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER entered. Upon consideration of the administrative record and the memoranda of the parties, it is ORDERED that the decision of the Commissioner be AFFIRMED and that this action be DISMISSED, as further set out. Signed by Magistrate Judge Bert W. Milling, Jr on 11/5/2013. (clr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
SABRINA NICOLA KATTS,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN,
Commission of Social Security,
CIVIL ACTION 13-0054-M
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
In this action under 42 U.S.C. § 1383(c)(3), Plaintiff
seeks judicial review of an adverse social security ruling which
denied a claim for Supplemental Security Income (hereinafter
SSI) (Docs. 1, 15).
The parties filed written consent and this
action has been referred to the undersigned Magistrate Judge to
conduct all proceedings and order the entry of judgment in
accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(c) and Fed.R.Civ.P. 73 (see Doc.
Oral argument was waived in this action (Doc. 28).
consideration of the administrative record and the memoranda of
the parties, it is ORDERED that the decision of the Commissioner
be AFFIRMED and that this action be DISMISSED.
This Court may not reweigh the evidence or substitute its
judgment for that of the Secretary of Health and Human Services,
Bloodsworth v. Heckler, 703 F.2d 1233, 1239 (11th Cir. 1983),
which must be supported by substantial evidence.
Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401 (1971).
The substantial evidence
test requires “that the decision under review be supported by
evidence sufficient to justify a reasoning mind in accepting it;
it is more than a scintilla, but less than a preponderance.”
Brady v. Heckler, 724 F.2d 914, 918 (11th Cir. 1984), quoting
Jones v. Schweiker, 551 F.Supp. 205 (D. Md. 1982).
At the time of the administrative hearing, Katts was
nineteen years old and had completed an eleventh-grade education
(Tr. 41-42); she had no previous work experience (Tr. 48).
Plaintiff alleges disability due to degenerative joint disease,
scoliosis, and mental retardation (Doc. 15 Fact Sheet).
Katts filed an application for SSI on June 24, 2009 (Tr.
124-26; see also Tr. 9).
Benefits were denied following a
hearing by an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) who determined that
Plaintiff was capable of performing specific light work jobs
She requested review of the hearing decision (Tr.
113-18) by the Appeals Council, but it was denied (Tr. 1-5).
Katts claims that the opinion of the ALJ is not supported
by substantial evidence.
Specifically, Plaintiff alleges that:
(1) She meets the requirements of Listing 12.05C; and (2) the
ALJ did not properly consider her academic records (Doc. 15).
Defendant has responded to—and denies—these claims (Doc. 23).
The relevant evidence of record follows.1
One of Plaintiff’s high school teachers completed a
questionnaire when Katts was in the eleventh grade indicating
that she had no problems acquiring and using information,
attending and completing tasks, interacting and relating with
others, moving about and manipulating objects, and caring for
herself (Tr. 172-79).
The teacher also reported excessive
absenteeism, mostly due to skipping class.
Records from Southside High School demonstrate that in the
ninth and tenth grades, Katts passed most of her classes, but
did fail English, Algebra, and U.S. History I (Tr. 181-84).
class rank was 59 out of 135.
A writing assessment in the tenth
grade indicated that Plaintiff had a good understanding of the
assignment; she did, however, have frequent, serious errors in
Katts took the high school exit exam, but
only passed the biology section (Tr. 183-84).
On October 12, 2010, Psychologist Richard S. Reynolds
performed a consultative psychological examination of Katts who
reported a prior history of ADHD for which she had taken
medication; that problem was currently resolved (Tr. 305-10).
Plaintiff was oriented in four spheres; her affect was euthymic.
Thought content was logical and associations were tight; recent
The Court will summarize herein only the evidence relating to
and remote memory were fair.
Judgment, insight, and decision-
making abilities were intact.
Katts underwent the Wechsler
Adult Intelligence Scale-IV and scored a Full Scale IQ of 70.
Reynolds stated that he thought the test results were a valid
estimate of her current level of functioning, noting that her
“ability to understand, carryout, to remember instructions, and
to respond appropriately to supervision, co-workers, [and] work
pressures in a work setting appear intact” (Tr. 307).
Psychologist also completed a mental medical source statement in
which he indicated that Katts would have, at most, only minimal
limitations in performing work-related activities (Tr. 308-10).
Overall, Reynolds found her to be functioning at a borderline
In his decision, the ALJ held that Katts’s “statements
concerning the intensity, persistence and limiting effects of
[her] symptoms [were] not credible” (Tr. 15; see also Tr. 30).
The ALJ also held that statements offered by Plaintiff’s mother
and aunt were not fully credible in that they presented
limitations that were out of proportion to the objective medical
evidence of record (Tr. 23, 29).
Because Katts has not
challenged these findings, the Court will not summarize that
The Court will proceed to Plaintiff’s claims.
Katts alleges that she meets the requirements of Listing
12.05C (Doc. 15, pp. 4-8).
The introductory notes to Section
12.05 state that “[m]ental retardation refers to a significantly
subaverage general intellectual functioning with deficits in
adaptive behavior initially manifested during the development
period; i.e., the evidence demonstrates or supports onset of the
impairment before age 22.”
20 C.F.R. Part 404, Subpart P,
Appendix 1, Listing 12.05 (2013).
Subsection C requires "[a]
valid verbal, performance, or full scale IQ of 60 through 70 and
a physical or other mental impairment imposing an additional and
significant work-related limitation of function."
Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix 1, Listing 12.05C (2013).
In his determination, the ALJ acknowledged that one might
argue that Katts satisfies the requirements of Listing 12.05C
He found that she did not, however, noting that
while she had a Full Scale IQ score of 70, she stated during her
testing that her leg was bothering her; the ALJ “assume[d] that
her mood was decreasing the claimant’s tolerance for
frustration” (Tr. 25).
The ALJ went on to note that Plaintiff
attended school in a regular curriculum, had passed the biology
part of her exit exam and was studying to complete that testing,
intended to further her education by attending nursing school,
and was raising a one-year-old child (Tr. 25).
The ALJ then
noted that Psychologist Reynolds noted that Katts would have no
limitations in her ability to work, finding her attention span,
concentration, and fund of knowledge to be normal (Tr. 25).
ALJ noted that Katts’s demeanor at the hearing indicated no
With these findings, the ALJ concluded that
Plaintiff had no deficits in adaptive functioning.
The Court finds substantial support for the ALJ’s
The evidence in this record regarding Katts’s
mental impairment is minimal.
The most beneficial evidence to
this claim came from Plaintiff, her mother, and her aunt; the
ALJ discounted that evidence, however, and Katts has not sought
to challenge those findings.
Though Plaintiff did have a Full
Scale IQ score of 70, the uppermost score supported under
Listing 12.05C, the administering Psychologist found her to be
functioning at a borderline level—not at a mentally retarded
Furthermore, Reynolds opined that Katts would have, at
most, minimal limitations in working.
This is not the profile
of a mentally retarded individual under Listing 12.05C.
Plaintiff has not demonstrated any deficits in adaptive
behavior; at most, she has only shown that she is a slow
Katts’s claim otherwise is without merit.
Plaintiff next claims that the ALJ did not properly
consider her academic records.
More specifically, Katts argues
that the ALJ relied on the evaluation by her high school teacher
rather than looking at her grades and inability to pass the high
school exit exam (Doc. 15, pp. 8-10).
The Court finds no merit in this claim.
In his decision,
the ALJ noted that the teacher was a “financially disinterested
party who has had the opportunity to observe, work with and
teach the claimant on a daily basis virtually every school day”
In that position, the teacher had the opportunity, in
her role as teacher, to observe for herself Katts’s abilities
The teacher found no limitations, much like
While Plaintiff points to her deficiencies in
bringing this action, she fails to acknowledge that the
authorities, whose opinions upon whom the ALJ properly relied,
have indicated that she is not mentally retarded and is able to
make her way in the work place.
Katts has raised two different claims in bringing this
Both are without merit.
Upon consideration of the
entire record, the Court finds "such relevant evidence as a
reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a
Perales, 402 U.S. at 401.
Therefore, it is
ORDERED that the Secretary's decision be AFFIRMED, see
Fortenberry v. Harris, 612 F.2d 947, 950 (5th Cir. 1980), and
that this action be DISMISSED.
Judgment will be entered by
DONE this 5th day of November, 2013.
s/BERT W. MILLING, JR.
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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