Long v. Madison et al
ORDER granting 10 Motion to Dismiss. This action is dismissed with prejudice in its entirety as barred by the doctrine of res judicata. Signed by Chief Judge William H. Steele on 11/10/2015. Copy mailed to Plaintiff. (tgw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
RICHARD O. LONG,
ADAM MADISON, et al.,
CIVIL ACTION 15-0361-WS-C
This matter comes before the Court on defendant Joven De Los Reyes, M.D.’s Motion to
Dismiss or, in the Alternative, Motion for Summary Judgment (doc. 10). The court-ordered
briefing schedule having expired, the Motion is now ripe for submission.1
On July 20, 2015, plaintiff, Richard O. Long, proceeding pro se, filed a Complaint (doc.
1) against defendants, Adam Madison, Joven De Los Reyes, and Moundville Health & Rehab.2
As set forth in his pleading, the entirety of Long’s statement of claim against defendants reads as
follows (misspellings and other errors in original): “Plaintiff was forced to lay flat of his back
for (2) years without proper treatment and care. In Moundville Health and Rehab. 42 U.S.C.
By Order (doc. 12) entered on October 15, 2015, plaintiff’s deadline for filing a
response to the Motion to Dismiss was set for October 30, 2015. In deference to plaintiff’s pro
se status, the Court included an admonition in bold print as follows: “[P]laintiff is cautioned
that this briefing schedule marks his one and only opportunity to be heard on the Motion
to Dismiss or for Summary Judgment. If plaintiff fails to file a response in a timely
manner, the Court will take the Motion under submission without the benefit of any
argument or authorities … that plaintiff might otherwise wish to submit.” (Doc. 12, at 1.)
Plaintiff has responded to neither the Motion nor the October 15 Order, and his deadline for
doing so has long since expired. Accordingly, Long has waived the opportunity to be heard on
the pending dispositive motion.
The court file is devoid of any indication that Long ever effected service of
process on any of the defendants. Nonetheless, defendant De Los Reyes has made a limited
appearance, by and through counsel, for the purpose of requesting dismissal of the Complaint on
frivolity grounds. (See docs. 4 & 10.)
1985; 83; 28-USC 1343 abuse and neglect. Defendants used false information, to witt: medical
information to get money from Medicaid to pay for plaintiffs stay: $5,000. $17,000 at one point.
Plaintiff had to get his own doctor for treatment.” (Doc. 1, at 2.)
As correctly identified by the Motion to Dismiss, this Complaint suffers from a host of
defects. The pleading’s most pressing infirmity is this: Long has unsuccessfully asserted
precisely the same claims against precisely the same defendants on two previous occasions.3
Back in September 2013, Long sued Madison, De Los Reyes, and Moundville Health & Rehab,
as well as other defendants, in this District Court in a case captioned Richard Owen Long v. Dr.
Richard Thomason, Jr., et al., Civil Action 13-0447-KD-M. In that action, Long’s complaint
was predicated on allegations such as the following: “Adam Madison, Administrator Moundville
Health & Rehab along with Dr. De Los Reyes submitted all this false information to Medicaid,
Medicare and Social Security to gain payee over my checks and to get payment for medical
services for me to be here.” (Civil No. 13-0447-KD-M, doc. 1 at 9.) In the same pleading, Long
complained that defendants had willfully placed false “information in the Plaintiff’s medical
records to deny Plaintiff medical treatment, care, and medication” and that “until this day, I’m
still being denied proper treatment and care and have severe pain every day.” (Id. at 2, 8.) On
January 6, 2014, Judge DuBose entered an Order (doc. 13) and Judgment (doc. 14) adopting the
Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation (doc. 8) and dismissing Long’s complaint in
Pursuant to the doctrine of judicial notice, court records from other cases may
properly be considered here without converting the Motion to Dismiss into a motion for
summary judgment. See generally Cash Inn of Dade, Inc. v. Metropolitan Dade County, 938
F.2d 1239, 1243 (11th Cir. 1991) (“A district court may take judicial notice of public records
within its files relating to the particular case before it or other related cases.”); Universal
Express, Inc. v. U.S. S.E.C., 177 Fed.Appx. 52, 53 (11th Cir. Apr. 18, 2006) (“A district court
may take judicial notice of certain facts [including public records] without converting a motion
to dismiss into a motion for summary judgment.”); Beepot v. J.P. Morgan Chase Nat’l
Corporate Services, Inc., 57 F. Supp.3d 1358, 1366 (M.D. Fla. 2014) (“The exhibits attached to
the Motion to Dismiss and Response are documents that were filed in the prior state court
proceedings out of which the Beepots’ instant claims arose, therefore, they are public records not
capable of reasonable dispute, and appropriate for judicial notice.”); Continental Motors, Inc. v.
Jewell Aircraft, Inc., 882 F. Supp.2d 1296, 1300 n.2 (S.D. Ala. 2012) (“the Court takes judicial
notice of the contents of pleadings from the Crouch Action, all of which are a matter of public
record and are maintained on file by the Clerk of Court”); Gamble v. PinnOak Resources, LLC,
511 F. Supp.2d 1111, 1123 n.5 (N.D. Ala. 2007) (“the court may take judicial notice of court
documents and the position taken by one or more of the Defendants in those documents”).
Civil Action 13-0447-KD-M with prejudice on grounds of frivolity and failure to state a claim
upon which relief may be granted. Long did not appeal.
Following the dismissal of his first federal lawsuit against defendants Madison, De Los
Reyes, and Moundville Health & Rehab. in Civil Action 13-0447-KD-M, Long filed another
complaint against the same defendants on or about August 8, 2014. This second round of
litigation was commenced in the Circuit Court of Hale County, Alabama, where it was styled
Richard O. Long v. Adam Madison, et al., Case No. CV-2014-000007. (See doc. 10, Exh. C.) In
the Hale County complaint, Long alleged that the defendants (again, Madison, De Los Reyes and
Moundville Health & Rehab.) “refused to comply with the Plaintiff’s requested treatment,” then
“filed a request with Social Security Administration to become payee of Plaintiff’s check.” (Id.
at 3.) Long’s pleading in Hale County alleged that such a request was predicated on
“information [that] is false.” (Id. at 4.) In the same complaint, Long asserted that “Defendants
refused to call the Plaintiff’s doctors,” “tried to force Plaintiff to do therapy,” denied his requests
for treatment of pain, and forced Long “to suffer with severe pain for ten (10) months.” (Id. at 57.) Defendants moved to dismiss the Hale County lawsuit on grounds of res judicata. (Doc. 10,
Exh. D.) On October 12, 2014, after oral argument, Circuit Judge Wiggins entered an Order
granting the motion to dismiss and dismissing Long’s complaint in Case No. CV-2014-000007
with prejudice. (Doc. 10, Exh. E.) Long appealed that ruling to the Alabama Court of Civil
Appeals, which issued a decision affirming the judgment on or about May 1, 2015. (Id., Exh. F.)
As aptly reflected in the Motion to Dismiss, Long has now brought the same claims
against the same defendants for the third time, after both of his previous lawsuits were dismissed
with prejudice. The doctrine of res judicata forbids a litigant such as Long from suing the same
defendants for the same alleged harms over and over again in hopes that some court, somewhere
will eventually agree with him. See generally Begala v. PNC Bank, Ohio, N.A., 214 F.3d 776,
779-80 (6th Cir. 2000) (“The law does not allow [the plaintiff] the luxury of returning to federal
court with the same set of facts until he succeeds in alleging a federal cause of action.”).4 As the
“Were the law otherwise, the inefficiencies visited on courts and litigants would
be nothing short of staggering, as plaintiffs stymied in their initial attempts to bring claims in
federal court could try over and over again by stitching together various permutations of factual
allegations and legal theories – at vast expense to opposing parties and at heavy burden to
resource-strapped courts – until they came up with a combination that sticks.” Polk v. Sears,
Roebuck, and Co., 2012 WL 1640708, *5 (S.D. Ala. May 8, 2012).
Eleventh Circuit has recognized, “[r]es judicata is a judicially crafted doctrine, created to provide
finality and conserve resources.” Maldonado v. U.S. Atty. General, 664 F.3d 1369, 1375 (11th
Cir. 2011). “The doctrine facilitates the conclusive resolution of disputes by reducing the
expense and vexation attending multiple lawsuits, conserv[ing] judicial resources, and foster[ing]
reliance on judicial action by minimizing the possibility of inconsistent decisions.” Shurick v.
Boeing Co., 623 F.3d 1114, 1116 (11th Cir. 2010) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted).
Simply put, the rule of res judicata is that “a final judgment on the merits bars the parties to a
prior action from re-litigating a cause of action that was or could have been raised in that action.”
In re Piper Aircraft Corp., 244 F.3d 1289, 1296 (11th Cir. 2001). That is precisely the situation
presented here, as Long’s present Complaint is a reformulation of the same causes of action
against the same defendants that were dismissed on the merits in both Civil Action 13-0447-KDM and the Hale County action.
To be sure, there are four mandatory elements to res judicata, to-wit: (i) “a final judgment
on the merits,” (ii) “rendered by a court of competent jurisdiction,” (iii) identity of parties in both
suits, and (iv) presence of the same cause of action. Maldonado, 664 F.3d at 1375 (citation
omitted). It cannot reasonably be disputed that all four elements are satisfied here. Both the
federal action before Judge DuBose and the state-court action before Judge Wiggins were
disposed of via final judgments on the merits by courts of competent jurisdiction. The parties,
claims and causes of action asserted in the case at bar are the same as those in the prior lawsuits.
To the extent that Long may be intending to pursue any new or different legal theories in the
current litigation, such an effort would not avert the preclusive effects of res judicata. After all,
it is quite clear that all claims asserted by Long here were or could have been raised in the prior
For all of these reasons, the undersigned readily concludes that Long’s present Complaint
is barred by straightforward application of the doctrine of res judicata. He has now sued the
same defendants for the same alleged harms on three separate occasions. His first two lawsuits
against Madison, De Los Reyes and Moundville Health & Rehab. involved the same parties and
causes of action, and were dismissed with prejudice via adjudication on the merits by courts of
competent jurisdiction. All of Long’s claims in this case were or could have been asserted in
Civil Action 13-0447-KD-M in this District Court, and in Case No. CV-2014-000007 in Hale
County Circuit Court.
Accordingly, the Motion to Dismiss (doc. 10) is granted. This action is dismissed with
prejudice in its entirety as barred by the doctrine of res judicata.5 A separate judgment will
DONE and ORDERED this 10th day of November, 2015.
s/ WILLIAM H. STEELE
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
In his Motion to Dismiss, De Los Reyes also requests that the Court “grant relief
that it deems well calculated to deter these continued, frivolous lawsuits.” (Doc. 10, at 11.) The
undersigned declines to impose monetary or other sanctions against the pro se plaintiff at this
time. However, Long is cautioned that he is playing a very dangerous game from which adverse
repercussions will flow if he persists. Res judicata means that Long is prohibited from suing
Madison, De Los Reyes and Moundville Health & Rehab. again – in any court – for the
alleged acts and omissions at issue here. If he does so, not only will his case be summarily
rejected (as happened here and in the Hale County action), but also Long will risk having
sanctions imposed, such as being ordered to pay the defendants’ legal fees for defending against
his frivolous, vexatious lawsuits. Should Long persist in wasting court resources and
harassing these defendants by refiling some version of this lawsuit against them in any
court for the same alleged misconduct, he may face harsh monetary or other sanctions to
deter his abuses of the court system. Long has now been warned in plain language. He is
expected to conduct himself accordingly.
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