Polt v. Alaska Housing Finance Corporation
ORDER denying 16 Motion to amend complaint to add two additional claims. Signed by Judge John W. Sedwick on 9/12/11. cc: Mailed to J.A. Polt on 9/12/2011. (GMM, CHAMBERS STAFF)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF ALASKA
ALASKA HOUSING FINANCE, CORP.,
ORDER AND OPINION
[RE: Motion at docket 16]
I. MOTION PRESENTED
At docket 16, plaintiff Andrew Polt (“Polt”), who is representing himself, moved to
amend his complaint to add two additional claims. Defendant Alaska Housing Finance
Corporation (“defendant”) opposed at docket 29, and Polt replied at docket 38. Oral
argument has not been requested, but it would not assist the court.
Polt is a disabled person who rents a handicap accessible apartment from
defendant at Chugach Manor. Polt is participating in a public housing program, and he
has been able to live at Chugach Manor independently. This court concluded that,
liberally construed, Polt’s amended complaint sets out claims against defendant based
on violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA” or the Fair Housing Act
(“FHA”). The activity which underlies Polt’s claims against defendant is what Polt
considers to be an excessive level of nosie made by other occupants of Chugach
The motion at docket 16 asks to add two claims. Polt wants to pursue a claim of
false imprisonment in his apartment. He also wants to pursue a claim of cruel and
unusual punishment by virtue of the noise level. An examination of Polt’s proposed new
claims shows that they arise from the same facts–the allegedly excessive noise from
other occupants–as Polt’s ADA and FHA claims.
A. False Imprisonment Claim
A claim of false imprisonment arises under state law. This court has federal
question jurisdiction over Polt’s ADA and FHA claims. It may exercise supplemental
jurisdiction over the proposed state law claim for false imprisonment pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 1367, because the false imprisonment claim arises from the same facts as the
The applicable state law is the law of Alaska. Under Alaska law a claim for false
imprisonment requires proof of two elements (1) restraint of plaintiff’s freedom and (2)\
an absence of proper legal authority for the restraint.1 The gravamen of Polt’s complaint
is not a restraint on his freedom, it is exposure to what he considers to be an excessive
level of noise. Polt remains free to move about, even to seek another place to live. In
short, Polt has not plead, and cannot on the facts presented plead, the first element of a
claim for false arrest. Moreover, Polt’s existing claims provide an appropriate vehicle
for consideration of the noise level issue.
B. Cruel and Unusual Punishment
The court interprets Polt’s claim of exposure to cruel and unusual punishment to
be a claim that defendant has violated the Eight Amendment prohibition on cruel and
unusual punishment. Cases involving such claims inevitably arise in connection with
governmental action against persons who are incarcerated. Polt is not incarcerated. It
follows that he cannot plead a claim based on the Eighth Amendment prohibition on
cruel and unusual punishment. Defendant is not Polt’s jailer and is not engaged in
punishing persons convicted of crimes. It may be added that Polt’s existing claims
E.g., Waskey v. Municipality of Anchorge, 909 P.2d 342, 345 (Alaska 1996).
provide an adequate basis for examining the merits of his claim that an excessive level
of noise is depriving him of legally protected rights.
For the reasons set out above, the motion at docket 16 is DENIED.
DATED this 12th day of September 2011.
/s/ JOHN W. SEDWICK
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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