MDY Industries, LLC v. Blizzard Entertainment, Inc. et al

Filing 16

REPORT re: Rule 26(f) Planning Meeting by Vivendi Games, Inc., MDY Industries, LLC, Blizzard Entertainment, Inc., Michael Donnelly. (Venable, Lance)

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MDY Industries, LLC v. Blizzard Entertainment, Inc. et al Doc. 16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Lance C. Venable, Esq. (SBN #017074) Joseph R. Meaney, Esq. (SBN #017371) Venable, Campillo, Logan & Meaney P.C. 1938 East Osborn Rd. Phoenix, Arizona 85016 Tel: (602) 631-9100 Fax: (602) 631-4529 Attorney for Plaintiff and Third Party Defendant SONNENSCHEIN NATH & ROSENTHAL LLP SCOTT STEIN (AZ Bar No. 022709) 2398 East Camelback Road Suite 1060 Phoenix, AZ 85016-9009 Facsimile (602) 508-3914 Telephone (602) 508-3900 Christian S. Genetski (Pro Hac Vice Application Pending) 1301 K Street, NW Suite 600-East Tower Washington, DC 20005 Facsimile (202) 408-6399 Telephone (202) 408-6400 Attorneys for Defendants and Cross-Claimants Vivendi Games, Inc. and Blizzard Entertainment, Inc. UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF ARIZONA MDY INDUSTRIES, LLC, Plaintiff and Counterdefendant, vs. BLIZZARD ENTERTAINMENT, INC., and VIVENDI GAMES, INC., Defendants and Counterclaim Plaintiffs. Case No.: CV 06-2555 PHX DGC PROPOSED JOINT CASE MANAGEMENT PLAN (FRCP 16(b),(c), 26(f)) Date: _April 4, 2007________ Time: _4:30 P.M.________ Place: Courtroom of the Honorable David G. Campbell The Honorable David G. Campbell -1Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 1 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 BLIZZARD ENTERTAINMENT, INC., and VIVENDI GAMES, INC., Third-Party Plaintiffs, vs. MICHAEL DONNELLY, an individual Third-Party Defendant Pursuant to this Courts Order dated February 20, 2007 and pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(f), the parties herein, by and through their undersigned counsel of record, hereby submit the following Joint Proposed Case Management Plan. I. LIST OF THE PARTIES IN THE CASE Plaintiff/Counter-Defendant - MDY Enterprises, LLC ­ an Arizona corporation Third-Party Defendant ­ Michael M. Donnelly, an individual and Arizona Resident. Defendants/Counterclaimants and Third-Party Plaintiffs ­ Blizzard Entertainment, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and Vivendi Games, Inc., a Delaware Corporation, both having their principle places of business in Los Angeles, California. II. NATURE OF THE CASE A. Plaintiff / Third-Party Defendant's Statement The defendants Blizzard Entertainment and Vivendi Games, Inc. manufacture a multiplayer online role-playing game under the name World of Warcraft. In World of Warcraft, players control a character within a persistent game world, exploring the landscape, fighting monsters, and performing quests on behalf of computer-controlled characters. The game rewards success through money, items, and experience, which in turn allow players to improve in skill and power. In addition, players may opt to -2Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 2 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 take part in battles against other players, including both duels and fights against player characters allied with an enemy faction. When Blizzards customers purchase the World of Warcraft software, each customer must to assent to Blizzards End User License Agreement ("EULA") and Terms of Use ("TOU") in the form of a "clickwrap" agreement. Both the EULA and the TOU contain language that restricts customers from using third-party software that interacts with World of Warcraft. In December 2004, third-party defendant Michael Donnelly ("Donnelly") formed MDY Enterprises LLC ("MDY"). MDYs primary business is the development of computer software. Donnelly is MDYs sole and managing member. In early 2005, MDY developed a software program under the name WoWGlider. WoWGlider is a software program designed to interact with the World of Warcraft. WoWGlider assists a player with in-game tasks in World of Warcraft such as advancing levels or completing repetitive events. But, the program does not give a player any advantage over any other player in World of Warcraft. WowGlider simply allows the computer to play the game while the user is away from the computer. Only individuals who are licensed to play World of Warcraft purchase WoWGlider. MDY began marketing and distributing WoWGlider in May, 2005 through its Internet website. On the morning of October 25, 2006, representatives from the defendants and their counsel appeared uninvited at third-party defendant Michael Donnellys home. They presented Donnelly a copy of a complaint against him and MDY and threatened to file it in U.S. District Court later that day in California if: (1) Donnelly or MDY did not immediately cease and desist selling the WoWGlider software, and (2) agree to pay back all of the profits earned from sales of the WoWGlider software. Based upon these threats, MDY filed the complaint in this case later that day. MDY seeks a declaratory judgment from this Court that the creation and sale of the WoWGlider software, neither violates any provision of the U.S. Copyright laws under 17 U.S.C. § 106 et seq or § 1202 et seq, nor has MDY or Donnelly tortiously -3Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 3 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 interfered with any contractual agreements that the defendants may have with third parties. Claims against Donnelly: MDY and Donnelly have several defenses to the defendants counterclaims and third-party claims. First, MDY and Donnelly are not alter-egos. Donnelly is merely a member of MDY. The two entities maintain separate identities under the law and MDY complies with all corporate formalities. MDY is the sole entity responsible for making and selling WoWGlider. Therefore, the defendants fail to state claims against Donnelly upon which relief can be granted. As to the merits of the defendants claims against MDY, they are as follows: Contributory and Vicarious Copyright Infringement: Proof of copyright infringement requires that MDY contributed to making, or vicariously made unauthorized copies of World of Warcraft.1 Under no circumstances during the development of the WoWGlider software has MDY made or distributed any copies of, nor has it made any derivative works of the World of Warcraft software. Although MDYs WoWGlider software interacts with World of Warcraft, WoWGlider makes no unauthorized copies of World of Warcraft. In fact, because MDY contends certain terms in the defendants EULA and TOS are unenforceable, MDY contests the very notion that a copy of World of Warcraft becomes unauthorized simply by installing WoWGlider on a persons computer. Thus, MDY is not liable for copyright infringement. Digital Millennium Copyright Act: Violation of the DMCA, occurs when there is a causal connection between the circumvention of a security measure and an infringement of the defendants copyright. 17 U.S.C. § 1201; Storage Tech. v. Cus. Hardwr Engin., 421 F.3d 1307, 1319 (Fed. Cir. 2005). Although MDYs WoWGlider 1 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer v. Grokster Ltd., 380 F.3d 1154, 1160; 1164 (9th Cir. 2004). -4Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 4 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 is designed to avoid detection of the defendants Warden program in World of Warcraft, it does so solely for the purpose of interacting with World of Warcraft and not for making unauthorized copies of the defendants software. Furthermore, only someone who has purchased a legitimate license of World of Warcraft purchases MDYs WoWGlider. Although defendants EULA and TOU prohibit circumvention of the Warden software for interoperability purposes, such restrictions in the defendants agreements constitute copyright misuse. And such restrictions are preempted by the interoperability exception in the DMCA. 17 U.S.C. § 1201(f). Thus, because the defendants Warden software attempts to preclude third-parties from independently writing software that lawfully interacts with World of Warcraft, the defendants have misused their copyright. Additionally, the Warden software is not a security measure that protects against unauthorized copying of World of Warcraft. It is a program that detects thirdparty software interacts with World of Warcraft. In fact, the defendants state as much in their TOS: "E. In order to assist Blizzard Entertainment to police users who may use "hacks," or "cheats" to gain an advantage over other players, you acknowledge that Blizzard Entertainment shall have the right to obtain certain information from your computer and its component parts, including your computer's random access memory, video card, central processing unit, and storage devices. This information will only be used for the purpose of identifying "cheaters," and for no other reason." Thus, the defendants misapply the DMCA by alleging MDY avoids detection of Warden. Therefore, the defendants various misuses of their copyright is a defense to the defendants claims against MDY and Donnelly for violating the DMCA (17 U.S.C. § 1201 et seq.) and infringing the defendants copyright either contributorily or vicariously through third-parties. -5Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 5 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Tortious Interference With Contract: The defendants claims for tortious interference with third-party contracts requires that MDY acted with improper means and motive, without economic justification, and that MDY damaged the defendants. Wagenseller v. Scottsdale Memorial Hosp., 147 Ariz. 370, 386 (1985). MDY did not act with improper motive to cause any breach of the defendants EULA or TOU agreements. MDYs only motive was to earn a profit by selling WoWGlider. Although MDY was aware of the terms in the defendants agreements prohibiting interaction between World of Warcraft and third-party software, MDY alleges that these terms were overreaching and unenforceable due to copyright misuse. The unenforceability of the EULA and TOU in addition to MDYs desire to earn profits without motive to interfere with the defendants contracts justifies MDYs actions. Even more basic is the defense that the defendants must have been damaged. MDYs software has not damaged the defendants monetarily, nor has it damaged the reputation or game play of World of Warcraft. In fact, any monetary damages suffered by the defendants were due to their own acts of banning customers when they learned a customer was using WoWGlider software. MDY will demonstrate that not only have the defendants seen rapid growth in the number of World of Warcraft purchases despite WoWGlider sales, but it will prove that World of Warcraft customers do not stop playing the game due to any use of WoWGlider. This is true because WoWGlider does not affect the World of Warcraft game play environment. WoWGlider give no tactical advantage to players of World of Warcraft. Thus, MDY has not tortiously interfered with any third-party contracts. Unfair Competition and Unjust Enrichment: As to the defendants claims for unfair competition and unjust enrichment, the defendants again refer the Court to the above-stated defenses. Specifically as to the unjust enrichment claim, MDY has earned its profits through lawful development and sales of its WoWGlider software. -6Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 6 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 As to MDY and Donnellys remaining affirmative defenses, in particular affirmative defenses 1-6 that include waiver, acquiescence, laches, estoppel, unclean hands, and the defendants filing its claims outside of the pertinent statutes of limitations, MDY and Donnelly will require confirmation of facts to support such defenses through the discovery process. B. Defendants' Statement Defendants and Counter-claimants Blizzard Entertainment and Vivendi Games, Inc. (collectively "Blizzard") seek injunctive relief, money damages, and related relief against counter-claim and third-party defendants MDY Industries LLC ("MDY") and Michael Donnelly (collectively, "MDY Parties") based on the MDY Parties development, promotion and distribution of a software program known as "WoWGlider." Blizzard is the publisher and copyright owner of World of Warcraft® ("WoW"), the worlds most popular Massively Multiplayer Online Roleplaying Game ("MMORPG"), a genre of computer game in which large numbers of players from around the globe interact with each other as they assume the roles of different characters within the game to explore, adventure and quest across WoWs vast online world. Like other MMORPG games, WoW derives revenue based on a subscription fee model. In order to experience the WoW gaming environment, consumers must obtain a legitimate version of the WoW game client, and then make periodic payments for a subscription permitting them to continue accessing the authorized WoW servers and playing in the authorized WoW gaming environment. A central objective for WoW players is to advance their characters through the various levels recognized in the game, often working in groups with other players, and thereby access new content as levels increase. As players advance through the game, they earn in-game currency and assets (e.g., armor, weapons, jewels, etc.) and develop the abilities of their characters. Leveling characters in WoW requires an investment of time and effort playing the game. -7Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 7 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 The richness of the WoW gaming experience depends on Blizzards ability to ensure that all players are provided a level playing field and that the balance of the ingame economy is preserved. When a players investment of personal time and effort building a character can be replicated by others in a fraction of the time through automated software, the incentives to continue playing the game are severely diminished. Consequently, it is crucial that Blizzard be able to block the use of automated software programs that destroys the integrity of the WoW gaming experience. For that reason, Blizzard has instituted a combination of contractual and technical measures designed to protect the integrity of the WoW gaming experience by, among other things, preventing the use of such automated software. WoW players use of the software is subject to both the WoW End User License Agreement ("EULA") and Terms of Use ("TOU"). The EULA and TOU are legally binding contracts that govern the authorized use of the software. Those contracts forbid the "use [of] cheats, bots, ,,mods, and/or hacks, or any other third-party software designed to modify the World of Warcraft® experience..." and specifically the "use [of] any third-party software that intercepts, ,,mines, or otherwise collects information from or through the Program or the Service." TOU 4(B)(ii) and (iii). Additionally, Blizzard employs technical security measures designed to prevent users from making unauthorized copies of WoW in conjunction with such a prohibited third-party program. WoWGlider is a software program designed specifically to exploit the WoW code and automate gameplay so that a user can artificially increase their standing and level in the WoW game without actual human participation. WoWGlider users are able to advance their characters through the WoW universe, and acquire valuable ingame currency and assets, at a significantly faster rate than legitimate users. WoWGlider thus gives its users an unfair advantage over legitimate players and thereby alters the balance of play and undermines the in-game economy. Moreover, -8Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 8 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 despite Blizzards determined efforts to block WoWGlider users access to WoW, the MDY Parties have designed and frequently updated WoWGlider to ensure that it has the ability to circumvent detection by Blizzards security measures and enable users to launch unauthorized copies of WoW running in conjunction with WoWGlider. The MDY Parties designed and market WoWGlider with the knowledge that its use is prohibited by the Blizzard EULA and TOU, and that Blizzards technical measures are designed to preclude it. The MDY parties are also fully aware that WoWGlider users rely on the program to acquire large quantities of WoW virtual property with little effort, and then sell that virtual property for real money in unauthorized third-party exchanges. These sales have a ruinous effect on WoWs ingame economy. The MDY Parties sale of WoWGlider has caused a loss of goodwill among WoW players by devaluing the game experience, forced Blizzard to divert resources to preventing access to WoWGlider users, and decreased Blizzards revenues from WoW players who stop playing out of frustration with the devalued game and from WoWGlider users that Blizzard is forced to terminate to protect the overall integrity of the game. Blizzard will seek to demonstrate that MDY is a limited liability company formed by Donnelly to serve as his alter ego and insulate Donnelly from the liability Donnelly understood he risked from the distribution of WoWGlider, and therefore that Donnelly is personally liable for his development and distribution of WoWGlider. The MDY Parties distribution of WoWGlider forms the basis for several claims by Blizzard. Contributory and Vicarious Copyright Infringement. Blizzard owns valid copyrights in the World of Warcraft® software, and thus owns the exclusive right to authorize who may make copies of that work. Users of WoW are licensees who are permitted to make copies of WoW so long as they comply with the EULA and TOU. The EULA and TOU prohibit users from running WoW in conjunction with unauthorized third-party software such as WoWGlider, and thus when users launch -9Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 9 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 copies of WoW in their computers random access memory in connection with WoWGlider, those unauthorized copies infringe Blizzards copyrights. 17 U.S.C. § 501. The MDY parties have knowledge of the infringements committed by WoWGlider users, and their promotion of WoWGlider materially contributes to those infringements. The MDY parties also have the right and ability to control whether WoWGlider users may continue to infringe by deactivating the unique product key associated with each WoWGlider users account, and the MDY Parties derive a direct financial benefit from their sale of WoWGlider. A&M Records, Inc. v. Napster, Inc., 239 F.3d 1004, 1019 (9th Cir. 2001). Blizzard is entitled to statutory damages for each of the underlying infringements that the MDY parties induced. Digital Millennium Copyright Act. Blizzards WoW software incorporates a component known as "Warden" that serves as a technological measure that effectively protects Blizzards rights as a copyright owner by restricting users ability to make unauthorized copies of WoW. WoWGlider is specifically designed to avoid or bypass Warden without Blizzards authorization. The WoWGlider FAQ on MDYs website explicitly recognizes this function. The MDY Parties created, promote and sell WoWGlider knowing that the program is primarily produced for the purpose of, has only limited commercially significant use other than, and is marketed by the MDY Parties with their knowledge for use in, circumventing Blizzards technical restrictions on the making of unauthorized copies of WoW, all in violation of 17 U.S.C. § 1201, et seq. Tortious Interference with Contracts. The EULA and TOU are valid, enforceable contracts between Blizzard and its WoW users. The MDY parties have acknowledged their awareness of these contracts, and their knowledge that use of WoWGlider constitutes a breach of them. The MDY Parties have nonetheless willfully promoted and encouraged the use of WoWGlider in breach of the EULA and TOU. The MDY parties sole motive in knowingly inducing these breaches was its own profit at Blizzards expense. As a result of MDYs actions, Blizzard has suffered -10- Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 10 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 damage in an amount to be proven at trial, including but not limited to loss of goodwill among WoW users, diversion of Blizzard resources to prevent access by WoWGlider users, loss of revenue from users leaving the WoW game as a result of the diminished game experience, loss of revenue from terminated WoWGlider users, and decreased subscription revenue from undetected WoWGlider users. Wallace v. Casa Grande Union High Sch. Dist. No. 82 Bd. of Governors, 184 Ariz. 419, 427, 909 P.2d 486, 494 (App. 1995). Unfair Competition and Unjust Enrichment. Use of WoWGlider impoverishes Blizzard by altering the game balance in WoW, damaging Blizzards reputation with players dissatisfied with the pervasiveness of cheaters and the effect of cheating on the game, and depriving Blizzard of monthly membership revenue by enabling users to progress in the game more quickly than legitimate players. The MDY Parties are aware of the injurious effects their program has on Blizzard, and nonetheless have sought to profit from the sale of the program. Blizzard is thus entitled to the equitable disgorgement of MDYs unjustly received revenues from the sale of WoWGlider. Finally, none of the defenses asserted in the MDY Parties Answer bars Blizzards claims. Blizzard will demonstrate in discovery that it comes to this matter with clean hands, and that it neither waived its claims nor acquiesced in the MDY Parties actions, but in fact expended considerable resources both attempting to preclude the use of WoWGlider through technical means and attempting to identify Donnelly as the source of WoWGlider prior to seeking legal redress. III. JURISDICTIONAL BASIS OF THE CASE The jurisdiction of the case is based upon federal question jurisdiction (28 U.S.C. §§ 1331 and 1338) for trademark claims pursuant to pursuant to 15 U.S.C. § 1125(a), copyright infringement and alleged violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act pursuant to 17 U.S.C. § 101 et seq. -11Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 11 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 IV. PARTIES REMAINING TO BE SERVED All parties have been served in this case. V. ADDITIONAL PARTIES TO THE CASE The parties do not anticipate adding additional parties to the case. VI. A LISTING OF CONTEMPLATED MOTIONS AND ISSUES TO BE DECIDED BY THESE MOTIONS. Other than dispositive motions, neither the plaintiff and third-party defendant nor the defendants and counter-claimants contemplate filing any additional motions at this time. VII. SUITABILITY FOR REFERENCE TO A MAGISTRATE JUDGE The parties do not believe this case is suitable for a magistrate judge. The case has already been removed from the magistrate judge originally assigned to the case. VIII. STATUS OF RELATED CASES PENDING BEFORE OTHER COURTS OR OTHER JUDGES IN THIS COURT There are no other related cases pending before other courts or other judges in this court. IX. INITIAL DISCLOSURES The parties exchanged initial disclosures on April 2, 2007. -12Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 12 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 X. ANY ISSUES RELATING TO DISCLOSURE OF DISCOVERY OF ELECTRONICALLY STORED INFORMATION, INCLUDING THE FORM OR FORMS IN WHICH IT SHOULD BE PRODUCED At this time, there are no issues relating to the disclosure of electronic discovery. The parties have agreed to exchange discovery, including electronic discovery either via electronic mail, compact disc, or DVD. XI. ISSUES PERTANING TO PRIVILEGE OR WORK PRODUCT At this time, there are no issues pertaining to privilege or work product. XII. DISCOVERY ISSUES A. The Extent, Nature, and Location of Discovery Anticipated by the Parties; The plaintiff and third-party defendant anticipate that discovery will be conducted in phases. Initially, the plaintiff and third party defendant will serve written discovery upon the defendants in the form of requests for interrogatories, document production requests and admissions. Upon receipt of the responses to the written discovery requests, depositions of the defendants fact witnesses will take place. Depending upon what is disclosed, the plaintiff and third-party defendant may issue subpoenas of other non-party fact witnesses. It is understood that most of the discovery from the defendants is located at the defendants facility in Southern California. Defendants intend to issue interrogatories, requests for production of documents and requests for admission, followed by the taking of depositions of fact witnesses of Plaintiff, including Michael Donnelly. Blizzard anticipates serving third-party subpoenas for documents and possibly depositions. Blizzard anticipates that most discovery of the MDY Parties will take place in the District of Arizona. -13Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 13 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 hours. B. Suggested Changes, If Any, To the Discovery Limitations Imposed By the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Local Rule of Civil Procedure 16.2 At this time, the parties do not anticipate the need to modify the discovery rules pursuant to Rule 16.2 of the F.R.C.P. C. The Number of Hours Permitted For Each Deposition, Unless Extended By Agreement of the Parties. The parties have agreed that each deposition shall last no longer than eight (8) XIII. PROPOSED SPECIFIC DATES FOR: A. Fact Discovery The parties propose a fact-discovery cutoff date of March 7, 2008, by which all fact-discovery is expected to be completed. B. Dates For Full and Complete Expert Disclosures under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(A)(2)(A)-(C) The parties propose that full and complete expert disclosures shall be served by no later than December 7, 2007. C. Deadline for Completion of All Expert Depositions The parties propose that the deadline for a completion of all expert depositions shall be February 1, 2008. D. Deadline for Filing Dispositive Motions The parties propose that the deadline for filing dispositive motions shall be April 18, 2008. -14Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 14 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 XV. E. A Date By Which The Parties Shall Have Engaged In Good Faith Settlement Talks The parties propose that good faith settlement talks will occur by no later than March 21, 2008. XIV. JURY TRIAL The plaintiff and third-party defendant have requested a jury trial. ESTIMATED LENGTH OF TRIAL AND ANY SUGGESTIONS FOR SHORTENING THE TRIAL The parties anticipate the trial to last five (5) days. As this is a relatively complex case, the parties have no suggestions for shortening the trial at this time. XVI. THE PROSPECTS FOR SETTLEMENT INCLUDING ANY REQUEST OF THE COURT FOR ASSISTANCE IN SETTLMENT EFFORTS The parties do not believe the prospects for settling the case are good at this time. The parties engaged in good faith settlement discussions shortly before the complaint was filed and for several weeks thereafter. If the parties wish to address settlement in the future, the parties would welcome the assistance of the Court. XVII. ANY OTHER MATTERS THAT WILL AID THE COURT The parties are unaware of any other matters that will aid the Court at this time. -15Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 15 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Dated this 27th day of March, 2007. Venable, Campillo, Logan & Meaney P.C. By S/ Lance C. Venable Lance C. Venable, Esq. Joseph R. Meaney, Esq. 1938 East Osborn Rd. Phoenix, Arizona 85016 Tel: 602-631-9100 Fax: 602-631-4529 By S/ Scott Stein Sonnenschein, Nath & Rosenthal LLP 2398 East Camelback Road Suite 1060 Phoenix, AZ 85016-9009 Facsimile (602) 508-3914 Telephone (602) 508-3900 -16Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 16 of 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Name CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE I hereby certify that on March 27, 2007, I electronically transmitted the attached document to the Clerks Office using the CM/ECF System for filing and transmittal of a Notice of Electronic Filing to the following CM/ECF registrants: Name Email Address I hereby certify that on __________________, I served the attached document by FIRST CLASS MAIL on the following, who are not registered participants of the CM/ECF System: Physical or Email Address s/ Lance C. Venable -17Case 2:06-cv-02555-DGC Document 16 Filed 03/27/2007 Page 17 of 17

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