Davis v. Arpaio

Filing 3

ORDER Plaintiffs Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis is granted pursuant to 28 U.S.C. sec. 1915(a)(1). IT IS FURTHER ORDERED Plaintiff is obligated to pay the statutory filing fee of $350.00 for this action. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED the Compla int is dismissed for failure to state a claim. Plaintiff shall have 30 days from the date this Order is filed to file an Amended Complaint in compliance with this Order. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED the Clerk of Court shall enter a judgment of dismissal of this action with prejudice and without further notice to Plaintiff, if Plaintiff fails to file an amended complaint within thirty (30) days of the date this Order is filed. Special Prisoner Deadline due by 3/2/2007. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED The Clerk of Court is directed to provide to Plaintiff a current court-approved form for filing a civil rights complaint by a prisoner. Signed by Judge Stephen M McNamee on 2/2/07. (Attachments: # 1 Complaint Form)(LSP)

Download PDF
Davis v. Arpaio Doc. 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 JDDL-K WO TCK IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA Derek Davis, Plaintiff, vs. Joseph Arpaio, Defendant. I. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. CV 07-186-PHX-SMM (ECV) ORDER Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis and Filing Fee Plaintiff's Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis will be granted. 28 U.S.C. 1915(a). Plaintiff must pay the statutory filing fee of $350.00. 28 U.S.C. 1915(b)(1). The Court will not assess an initial partial filing fee. The fee will be collected monthly in payments of 20% of the previous month's income each time the amount in the account exceeds $10.00. 28 U.S.C. 1915(b)(2). The Court will enter a separate Order requiring the appropriate government agency to collect and forward the fees according to the statutory formula. II. Statutory Screening of Prisoner Complaints The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. 1915A(a). The Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if Plaintiff has raised claims that are legally "frivolous or malicious," that fail to state a claim upon which relief 28 Case 2:07-cv-00186-SMM--ECV Document 3 Filed 02/02/2007 Page 1 of 6 Dockets.Justia.com 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 JDDL-K may be granted, or that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. 1915A(b)(1),(2). If the Court determines that a pleading could be cured by the allegation of other facts, a pro se litigant is entitled to an opportunity to amend the complaint before dismissal of the action. See Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1127-29 (9th Cir. 2000) (en banc). The Court is required to grant leave to amend "if a complaint can possibly be saved," but not if the Complaint "lacks merit entirely." Id. at 1129. A court therefore should grant leave to amend if the pleading could be cured by the allegation of other facts, or if it appears at all possible that the defect can be corrected. Id. at 1130. The Court should not, however, advise the litigant how to cure the defects. This type of advice "would undermine the district judges' role as impartial decisionmakers." Pliler v. Ford, 542 U.S. 225, 231 (2004); see also Lopez, 203 F.3d at 1131 n.13 (declining to decide whether court was required to inform litigant of deficiencies). Plaintiff's Complaint will be dismissed for failure to state a claim, with leave to amend because the complaint may possibly be saved by amendment. III. Complaint In his Complaint, Plaintiff alleges that the jail is severely overcrowded, he receives insufficient and frequently spoiled food, the living conditions are unsanitary and unhealthy, the lighting is bad, his safety is threatened, the temperatures are cold, the noise is severe, reading materials are limited and food handlers do not have a permit, which subjects inmates to diseases. The sole Defendant named in this action is Joseph Arpaio. IV. Failure To State A Claim To sustain an action under section 1983, a plaintiff must show (1) that the conduct complained of was committed by a person acting under the color of state law; and (2) that the conduct deprived the plaintiff of a federal constitutional or statutory right." Wood v. Ostreander, 879 F.2d 583, 587 (9th Cir. 1989). For a person to be liable in his official capacity, Plaintiff must allege that he acted as a result of a policy, practice, or custom. See Cortez v. County of Los Angeles, 294 F.3d 1186, 1188 (9th Cir. 2001). Case 2:07-cv-00186-SMM--ECV -2Document 3 Filed 02/02/2007 Page 2 of 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 JDDL-K A supervisor, in his individual capacity, "is only liable for constitutional violations of his subordinates if the supervisor participated in or directed the violations, or knew of the violations and failed to act to prevent them." Taylor v. List, 880 F.2d 1040, 1045 (9th Cir. 1989). "A plaintiff must allege facts, not simply conclusions, that show that an individual was personally involved in the deprivation of his civil rights." Barren v. Harrington, 152 F.3d 1193, 1194 (9th Cir. 1998). Plaintiff has not alleged that Defendant Arpaio enacted or enforced a policy, custom, or practice which resulted in the denial of his constitutional rights. Further, Plaintiff did not allege that Defendant Arpaio violated his constitutional rights, or was even aware that his rights were being violated. Accordingly, Plaintiff fails to sufficiently set forth a cause of action against Defendant Arpaio. A pretrial detainee's claim for unconstitutional conditions of confinement arises from the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment rather than from the Eighth Amendment prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. Bell v. Wolfish, 441 U.S. 520 (1979). Nevertheless, the same standards are applied. See Frost v. Agnos, 152 F.3d 1124, 1128 (9th Cir. 1998). To state a claim regarding his conditions of confinement, a plaintiff must allege that a jailor's acts or omissions have deprived him of "the minimal civilized measure of life's necessities" and that the jailor acted with deliberate indifference to an excessive risk to inmate health or safety. Allen v. Sakai, 48 F.3d 1082, 1087 (9th Cir. 1994) (citing Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825 (1994); see Estate of Ford v. Ramirez-Palmer, 301 F.3d 1043, 1049-50 (9th Cir. 2002). Allegations of overcrowding, alone, are insufficient to state a claim. See Rhodes v. Chapman, 452 U.S. 337, 348 (1981). However, when overcrowding causes an increase in violence or reduces the provision of other constitutionally required services, or reaches a level where the institution is no longer fit for human habitation, the inmate's right against cruel and unusual punishment may be violated. See Balla v. Idaho State Bd. of Corr., 869 F.2d 461, 471 (9th Cir. 1989); Toussaint v. Yockey, 722 F.2d 1490, 1492 (9th Cir. 1984). Case 2:07-cv-00186-SMM--ECV -3Document 3 Filed 02/02/2007 Page 3 of 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 JDDL-K V. Amendment Plaintiff may choose to amend his Complaint as described by this Order. Plaintiff is advised that his First Amended Complaint must be retyped or rewritten in its entirety on a court-approved form and may not incorporate any part of the original Complaint by reference. Any Amended Complaint submitted by Plaintiff should be clearly designated as such on the face of the document. The Clerk of Court will be directed to provide Plaintiff with a form for filing a civil rights action. In any Amended Complaint, Plaintiff must write short, plain statements telling the Court: (1) the constitutional right Plaintiff believes was violated; (2) the name of the person who violated the right; (3) exactly what that individual did or failed to do; (4) how the action or inaction of that person is connected to the violation of Plaintiff's constitutional right; and (5) what specific injury Plaintiff suffered because of that person's conduct. Rizzo v. Goode, 423 U.S. 362, 371-72, 377 (1976). Plaintiff must repeat this process for each person he names as a Defendant. If Plaintiff fails to do this for any person named as a Defendant, the Court will dismiss that Defendant from this action. Plaintiff should note that an amended complaint supersedes the original complaint. Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1262 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 506 U.S. 915 (1992); Hal Roach Studios v. Richard Feiner & Co., 896 F.2d 1542, 1546 (9th Cir. 1990). After amendment, the original pleading is treated as nonexistent. Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1262. Thus, causes of action alleged in an original complaint which are not alleged in an amended complaint are waived. King v. Atiyeh, 814 F.2d 565, 567 (9th Cir. 1987). VI. Warnings A. Release Plaintiff must pay the unpaid balance of the filing fee within 120 days of his release. Also, within 30 days of his release, he must either (1) notify the Court that he intends to pay the balance or (2) show good cause, in writing, why he cannot. Failure to comply may result in dismissal of this action. B. Address Changes -4Document 3 Filed 02/02/2007 Page 4 of 6 Case 2:07-cv-00186-SMM--ECV 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 JDDL-K Plaintiff must file and serve a notice of a change of address in accordance with Rule 83.3(d) of the Local Rules of Civil Procedure. Plaintiff must not include a motion for other relief with a notice of change of address. Failure to comply may result in dismissal of this action. C. Copies Plaintiff must submit an additional copy of every filing for use by the Court. See LRCiv 5.4. Failure to comply may result in the filing being stricken without further notice to Plaintiff. D. Possible "Strike" Because the Complaint has been dismissed for failure to state a claim, if Plaintiff fails to file an amended complaint correcting the deficiencies identified in this Order, the dismissal will count as a "strike" under the "3-strikes" provision of 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). Under the 3-strikes provision, a prisoner may not bring a civil action or appeal a civil judgment in forma pauperis under 28 U.S.C. 1915 "if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury." 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). E. Possible Dismissal If Plaintiff fails to timely comply with every provision of this Order, including these warnings, the Court may dismiss this action without further notice. See Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260-61 (a district court may dismiss an action for failure to comply with any order of the Court). IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED THAT: (1) Plaintiff's Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis is granted pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1915(a)(1). (2) Plaintiff is obligated to pay the statutory filing fee of $350.00 for this action. An initial partial filing fee will not be assessed. All fees shall be collected and paid in -5Document 3 Filed 02/02/2007 Page 5 of 6 Case 2:07-cv-00186-SMM--ECV 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 JDDL-K accordance with this Court=s Order to the appropriate government agency filed concurrently herewith. (3) The Complaint is dismissed for failure to state a claim. Plaintiff shall have 30 days from the date this Order is filed to file an Amended Complaint in compliance with this Order. (4) The Clerk of Court shall enter a judgment of dismissal of this action with prejudice and without further notice to Plaintiff, if Plaintiff fails to file an amended complaint within thirty (30) days of the date this Order is filed. Upon entry of judgment, the Clerk shall make an entry on the docket in this matter indicating that the dismissal of this action falls within the purview of 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). (5) The Clerk of Court is directed to provide to Plaintiff a current court-approved form for filing a civil rights complaint by a prisoner. DATED this 2nd day of February, 2007. Case 2:07-cv-00186-SMM--ECV -6Document 3 Filed 02/02/2007 Page 6 of 6

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.


Why Is My Information Online?