Brezilien v. Kane

Filing 12

REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION re 1 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus : Recommending that the Petitioner's petition for writ of habeas corpus be dismissed as moot. The parties have 10 days from the date of service to file specific written objections. Signed by Magistrate Judge Jacqueline J Marshall on 11/25/08. (CKM, )

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Jean Yves Brezilien, IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA ) ) Petitioner, ) ) v. ) ) Katrina Kane, ) ) Respondent. ) _________________________________) Case No. CV 07-779-PHX-EHC (JM) REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION Petitioner Jean Yves Brezilien filed a pro se Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 2241. The matter was referred to a United States Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 626(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule Civil 72.1(b). Pending before the Court is Respondent's Motion to Dismiss [Docket No. 11] arguing that this matter should be dismissed because the relief requested in the petition has been granted thereby rendering this case moot. Petitioner has not responded to the Respondent's motion. The Magistrate Judge agrees with Respondent's position and, therefore, recommends that this case be dismissed as moot. I. Background Prior to filing the instant petition, Petitioner filed a separate pro se Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus with this Court. Brezilien v. Crawford, CV 05-3790-MHM (HCE). In that petition, Petitioner alleged that he was being detained illegally and requested a bond hearing. CV 05-3790-MHM (HCE), Docket No. 1. On June 30, 2008, the District Court granted the petition in CV 05-3790 and ordered the government to grant Petitioner a bond hearing. The clerk entered judgment accordingly. Id., Docket Nos. 13 & 14. The government did not appeal from that decision and granted the bond hearing. On August 7, 2008, the Immigration Judge ordered Petitioner released on a $1,500.00 bond. Petitioner posted bond and was 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 released. Respondent filed the instant motion on September 22, 2008, alleging that Petitioner's release has rendered this case moot. Petitioner has not responded to the motion. II. Discussion A case is moot if it does not satisfy the case or controversy requirement of Article III, 2, of the Constitution. Caswell v. Calderon, 363 F.3d 832, 836 (9th Cir. 2004) (citing Spencer v. Kemna, 523 U.S. 1, 7 (1998)). A case becomes moot if "the issues presented are no longer `live' or the parties lack a legally cognizable interest in the outcome." Murphy v. Hunt, 455 U.S. 478, 481 (1984). The court does not have the power to decide a case that does not affect the rights of the litigants. Lewis v. Continental Bank Corp., 494 U.S. 472, 477-78 (1990); Mitchell v. Dupnik, 75 F.3d 517, 527-28 (9th Cir. 1996). The Ninth Circuit has held that where a habeas petitioner requests only that he be released from immigration custody and is then released while the case remains pending, there is no further relief the court can provide. Picrin-Peron v. Rison, 930 F.2d 773, 775-76 (9th Cir. 1991). In such situations, the Ninth Circuit will dismiss the action. Id. at 776. Based on these directives, the instant case is moot. The petition alleges that Petitioner is being detained indefinitely and requests that the Court "issue a writ of habeas corpus directing the respondent to release the petitioner forthwith . . . ." Docket No. 1, p. 17. The documentation provided by the Respondent indicates that Petitioner has been released from custody. Petitioner has not challenged this assertion. Accordingly, there is no further relief the court can provide and the case is moot. See Picrin-Peron, 930 F.2d at 776. III. Recommendation Based on the foregoing and pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 636(b) and Local Rule Civil 72.1(b), the Magistrate Judge recommends that the District Court, after an independent review of the record, dismiss as moot Petitioner's petition for writ of habeas corpus [Docket No. 1]. This Recommendation is not an order that is immediately appealable to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. Any notice of appeal pursuant to Rule 4(a)(1), Federal Rules of -2- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Appellate Procedure, should not be filed until entry of the District Court's judgment. However, the parties shall have ten (10) days from the date of service of a copy of this recommendation within which to file specific written objections with the District Court. See 28 U.S.C. 636(b)(1) and Rules 72(b), 6(a) and 6(e) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Thereafter, the parties have ten (10) days within which to file a response to the objections. If any objections are filed, this action should be designated case number: CV 07-779-PHXEHC. Failure to timely file objections to any factual or legal determination of the Magistrate Judge may be considered a waiver of a party's right to de novo consideration of the issues. See United States v. Reyna-Tapia 328 F.3d 1114, 1121 (9th Cir. 2003) (en banc). DATED this 25th day of November, 2008. -3-

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