Pivotal Sandia, L.L.C., et al v. Gila River Indian Community, et al

Filing 12

TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER (re Motion 2) that defendants and all those acting in concert with them are enjoined from asserting civil adjudicatory jurisdiction over plaintiffs in connection with the subject easement and specifically are enjoined fr om enforcing any tribal order against the plaintiffs and taking any action in the underlying case pending in the Gila River Indian Community Court FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiffs will post security in the amount of $250,000.00 for the payment of such costs and damages as may be incurred by any party that has been found to be wrongfully restrained. The security will be posted no later than 2:00 p.m. on 9/14/07. Signed by Judge Frederick J Martone on 9/13/07. (MAP)

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Pivotal Sandia, L.L.C., et al v. Gila River Indian Community, et al Doc. 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 The court held a hearing on plaintiffs' application for temporary restraining order (doc. 2), and the defendants' response (doc. 11), and stated our findings and conclusions under Rule 52(a), Fed. R. Civ. P., on the record. For reasons stated at very great length on the record, we concluded that the plaintiffs made a showing of (1) probability of success on the merits, (2) harm that would be caused them if the restraining order were not granted, (3) less harm that would be caused the defendants if the temporary restraining order were granted that would not otherwise be covered by adequate security, and that the public interest PIVOTAL SANDIA, L.L.C., an Arizona) limited liability company; Rummel) Construction Inc., an Arizona corporation;) and City of Coolidge, Arizona, a) ) municipal corporation, ) ) Plaintiffs, ) ) vs. ) ) GILA RIVER INDIAN COMMUNITY, a) federally recognized Indian Tribe; Annette) Stewart, Community Court Judge; and the) ) Gila River Indian Community Court, ) ) Defendants ) ) ) No. CV-07-1745-PHX-FJM TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA Case 2:07-cv-01745-FJM Document 12 Filed 09/14/2007 Page 1 of 2 Dockets.Justia.com 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 would be served by the granting of a temporary restraining order. At a minimum, the plaintiffs have shown that serious questions are raised and that the balance of hardship tips in plaintiffs' favor. For reasons stated at very great length on the record, we believe that the Gila River Indian Community Court is without civil adjudicatory jurisdiction over non-Indians for their activities on a federally granted right of way under 25 U.S.C. 311. Montana v. United States, 450 U.S. 544, 101 S. Ct. 1245, 1257-59 (1981). We believe that it is more probable than not that the federal right of way is valid. No exhaustion of tribal remedies is necessary before resort to the United States District Court for two separate and independent reasons. First, the substance of plaintiffs' claim is an immunity from tribal court jurisdiction and thus if they are required to exhaust, they are deprived of the very right they seek to assert. Second, the delay associated with resolving the jurisdictional question in the Gila River Indian Community Court is inconsistent with the need for all the parties to resolve the underlying merits with some measure of finality within a reasonable period of time. Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that defendants and all those acting in concert with them are enjoined from asserting civil adjudicatory jurisdiction over plaintiffs in connection with the subject easement and specifically are enjoined from enforcing any tribal order against the plaintiffs and taking any action in the underlying case pending in the Gila River Indian Community Court. This order is effective immediately as of 4:50 p.m. on September 13, 2007. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiffs will post security under Rule 65(c), Fed. R. Civ. P., in the amount of $250,000.00 for the payment of such costs and damages as may be incurred by any party that has been found to be wrongfully restrained. The security will be posted no later than 2:00 p.m. on September 14, 2007. DATED this 13th day of September, 2007. -2Case 2:07-cv-01745-FJM Document 12 Filed 09/14/2007 Page 2 of 2

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