Esquivel et al v. Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc., et al

Filing 4

ORDER that Plas' Petition for Temporary Restraining Order, Preliminary and Permanent Injunction and Order to Show Cause is denied (dkt # 1 ). Signed by Judge G Murray Snow on 12/29/08. (ESL)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 WO IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA CHRISTOPHER ESQUIVEL; CARMEN) ) ESQUIVEL, ) ) Plaintiffs, ) ) vs. ) ) M O R T G A G E E L E C T R O N I C) REGISTRATION SYSTEMS, INC., et al.,) ) ) Defendants. ) No. 08-CV-02350-PHX-GMS ORDER On December 24, 2008, at 4:11 P.M., Plaintiffs Christopher and Carmen Esquivel filed a Petition for Temporary Restraining Order ("TRO"), Preliminary and Permanent Injunction and Order to Show Cause. (Dkt. # 1.) In their Petition, Plaintiffs request that this Court temporarily enjoin a trustee's sale of property located at 102 W. Shamrock Street, Gilbert, Arizona. That trustee's sale was apparently scheduled for earlier today 10:00 A.M., December 29, 2008 prior to the time that Plaintiffs' request was known to this Court. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 65 authorizes the Court to issue a preliminary injunction or TRO upon a proper showing. The standard for issuing a TRO is the same as that for issuing a preliminary injunction. See Brown Jordan Int'l, Inc. v. The Mind's Eye Interiors, Inc., 236 F. Supp. 2d 1152, 1154 (D. Haw. 2007). To prevail on a request for a preliminary injunction, a plaintiff must show either "(a) probable success on the merits combined with the possibility of irreparable injury or (b) that [it] has raised serious questions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 going to the merits, and that the balance of hardships tips sharply in [its] favor." Bernhardt v. Los Angeles County, 339 F.3d 920, 925 (9th Cir. 2003). The Ninth Circuit has explained that "these two alternatives represent `extremes of a single continuum,' rather than two separate tests. Thus, the greater the relative hardship to the moving party, the less probability of success must be shown." Immigrant Assistant Project of Los Angeles County Fed'n of Labor (AFLCIO) v. INS, 306 F.3d 842, 873 (9th Cir. 2002) (citation omitted). In addition to the requisite showing, a preliminary injunction may issue "only on notice to the adverse party." Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(a). A TRO may be granted without notice to the adverse party: only if (1) it clearly appears from specific facts shown by affidavit or by the verified complaint that immediate and irreparable injury, loss, or damage will result to the applicant before the adverse party or that party's attorney can be heard in opposition, and (2) the applicant's attorney certifies to the court in writing the efforts, if any, which have been made to give the notice and the reasons supporting the claim that notice should not be required. Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(b). Here, despite claiming to have sent copies of the Petition to Defendants by certified mail on the 24th of December, Plaintiffs present no evidence suggesting that they have noticed Defendants of their request for a TRO and preliminary injunction. Additionally, Plaintiffs failed to submit a verified complaint, affidavits, or other admissible evidence supporting any chance of success on the merits or any injury, loss, or damage. Plaintiffs' Petition is not filed under oath or penalty of perjury. The Petition also misstates the name of the Plaintiff as David Rima and refers to exhibits and a verified complaint that were not filed with the Court. Plaintiffs' Counsel has apparently copied this matter from another pleading filed by a pro se plaintiff, see David Rima v. Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc., CV-08-2285-PHX-FJM (Dkt. # 1), and refiled it as this matter. Although the Rima case was purportedly filed pro se, it is apparent that the attorney in this matter, Robert Jung, also provided some representation to Rima in that matter. It appears that Jung has -2- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 merely copied that pleading and refiled it in this matter the last business day prior to the trustee's sale without making the necessary adjustments to the Petition. Because Plaintiffs have failed to demonstrate that injunctive relief is proper, and because the TRO request is apparently moot: IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiffs' Petition for Temporary Restraining Order, Preliminary and Permanent Injunction and Order to Show Cause (Dkt. # 1) is DENIED. DATED this 29th day of December, 2008. -3-

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