Al-Zaidy v. Franco et al

Filing 15

ORDER - IT IS ORDERED that the Magistrate Judge's 13 Report and Recommendation is ACCEPTED. FURTHER ORDERED that Petitioner's 1 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus is DENIED. FURTHER ORDERED that 14 Objections are overruled, and the [ 1] Petition is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE because it is barred by the statute of limitations and the Clerk of the Court shall enter jgm accordingly. FURTHER ORDERED that a Certificate of Appealability and leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal is DENIED because the dismissal of the Petition is justified by a plain procedural bar and jurists of reason would not find the procedural ruling debatable. Signed by Judge James A Teilborg on 3/22/10. (SAT)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 WO IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA Ali Naeem Al-Zaidy, Petitioner, vs. Charles L. Ryan, et al., Respondents. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. CV-09-1440-PHX-JAT (LOA) ORDER Pending before the Court is Petitioner's Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus. (Doc. #1). On January 20, 2010, the Magistrate Judge to whom this case was assigned issued a Report and Recommendation (R&R) recommending that the Petition be dismissed because it is barred by the statute of limitation. (Doc. #13). On February 5, 2010, the Petitioner filed objections to the R&R. (Doc. #14). I. Legal Standard The Court "may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge." 28 U.S.C. 636(b)(1). It is "clear that the district judge must review the magistrate judge's findings and recommendations de novo if objection is made, but not otherwise." United States v. Reyna-Tapia, 328 F.3d 1114, 1121 (9th Cir. 2003) (en banc) (emphasis in original). Because Petitioner filed objections, this Court will review de novo the Magistrate Judge's conclusion that the Petition in this case is barred by the statute of limitation. 1 II. Statute of Limitation 2 As the R&R correctly recounts, under the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty 3 Act of 1996 (AEDPA), the Petitioner had one year from the date his conviction became final 4 to file a petition for writ of habeas corpus with this Court. (Doc. #13 at 6). The Petitioner's 5 conviction became final on March 30, 2000, thirty days after the Arizona Court of Appeals 6 dismissed his direct appeal on February 29, 2000. Id. at 7. Therefore, the Petitioner's Petition 7 in this Court was due by March 30, 2001. The Petition was filed July 9, 2009. (Doc. #1). 8 The Court adopts the Magistrate Judge's findings on this issue, as neither party objects. 9 Therefore, the Petition is untimely unless Petitioner is entitled to tolling of the statute of 10 limitation until July 9, 2009. 11 12 A. Statutory Tolling By statute, the Petitioner is entitled to statutory tolling during any period he had a 13 "properly filed application for State post-conviction or other collateral review with respect to 14 the pertinent judgment or claim . . . pending." 28 U.S.C. 2244(d)(2). In this case, the statute 15 was immediately tolled because the Petitioner had filed a Notice of Post-Conviction Relief 16 on November 12, 1999, which was still pending review at the time the Petitioner's direct 17 appeal was dismissed. (Doc. #13 at 4, 8). The state court dismissed the Petitioner's post18 conviction petition on May 26, 2000. Id. Therefore, the tolling period ended at that time and 19 the AEDPA limitation period began on May 27, 2000. Id. at 8. The AEDPA limitation period 20 thus expired on May 26, 2001, nearly eight years before the Petitioner filed his Petition. Id. 21 The Court adopts the Magistrate Judge's findings on this issue, as neither party objects. 22 Therefore, after considering statutory tolling, the Petition is still untimely. 23 24 B. Equitable Tolling Next, the Court considers equitable tolling. See Lawrence v. Florida, 549 U.S. 327, 25 336 (2007) (assuming without deciding that equitable tolling is available to habeas 26 petitioners). The Magistrate Judge concluded that equitable tolling was not available. (Doc. 27 #13 at 10!11). Petitioner objects to this conclusion. 28 -2- 1 Petitioner is entitled to equitable tolling only by demonstrating "`(1) that he has been 2 pursuing his rights diligently, and (2) that some extraordinary circumstance stood in his way' 3 and prevented timely filing." Lawrence, 549 U.S. at 336 (quoting Pace v. DiGuglielmo, 544 4 U.S. 408, 418 (2005)). To justify equitable tolling, the Petitioner bears the burden of proving 5 that he has been pursuing his rights diligently. See id. at 336. The Petitioner fails to offer any 6 facts or arguments showing that he was pursuing his rights diligently during the period 7 between May 26, 2001 and July 9, 2009. 8 To show extraordinary circumstances, the Petitioner alleges that for an unknown period 9 he was in some type of isolated alternative confinement outside of the Arizona Department 10 of Corrections where he was questioned about possible involvement with the Iraqi Army. 11 (Doc. #14 at 3). However, the Petitioner offers no proof of this confinement and gives no 12 dates to show how much of the time between May 26, 2001 and July 9, 2009 he claims he was 13 held there. It is also unclear whether and how this confinement actually prevented the 14 Petitioner from timely filing his Petition. 15 Because the Petitioner fails to meet his burden of proving that he has been pursuing 16 his rights diligently and that extraordinary circumstances prevented him from timely filing his 17 Petition, the Petitioner has failed to show that he is entitled to equitable tolling for the 18 approximately eight years necessary for his Petition to be timely.. 19 V. Conclusion 20 Because the Petitioner is not entitled to equitable tolling, the last date that he could 21 have timely filed his Petition was May 26, 2001. This Petition is therefore untimely. 22 23 Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation (Doc. # 24 13) is ACCEPTED; 25 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Petitioner's Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus 26 (Doc. # 1) is DENIED; and 27 28 -3- 1 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Objections (Doc. #14) are overruled, and the 2 Petition (Doc. #1) is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE because it is barred by the statute 3 of limitations and the Clerk of the Court shall enter judgment accordingly. 4 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that a Certificate of Appealability and leave to proceed 5 in forma pauperis on appeal is DENIED because the dismissal of the Petition is justified by 6 a plain procedural bar and jurists of reason would not find the procedural ruling debatable. 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 -4DATED this 22nd day of March, 2010.

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