Neuendorf v. Arizona, State of et al

Filing 6

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE, Plaintiff is Ordered to Show Cause, in writing, within 30 days, why the dismissals of his prior lawsuits do not preclude him in forma pauperis status under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g); if Plaintiff fails to either pay the $350. 00 filing fee or file a response to this Order to Show Cause within 30 days, the Clerk must enter a judgment of dismissal of this action without further notice to Plaintiff and without prejudice to Plaintiff filing a complaint in a new case accompanied by prepayment of the full $350.00 filing fee. Signed by Judge Robert C Broomfield on 4/8/11. (REW)

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--DKD Neuendorf v. Arizona, State of et al Doc. 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 WO IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA John Calvin Neuendorf, II, Plaintiff, vs. State of Arizona, et al., 13 Defendants. 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 JDDL ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. CV 11-332-PHX-RCB (DKD) ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE On February 18, 2011, Plaintiff John Calvin Neuendorf, II, who is confined in the Maricopa County Fourth Avenue Jail, filed a pro se civil rights Complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 1983 (Doc. 1). Plaintiff has not paid the $350.00 civil action filing fee, but has filed an Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis (Doc. 3) and an Inmate Account Statement (Doc. 4). On March 10, 2011, Plaintiff filed a supplement (Doc. 5) to his Complaint. Because it appears that Plaintiff has at least "three strikes" under 28 U.S.C. 1915(g), the Court will permit Plaintiff an opportunity to show cause why the dismissals of his prior lawsuits should not prevent him from proceeding in forma pauperis in this action. I. "Three Strikes Provision" of 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). A prisoner may not bring a civil action or appeal a civil judgment in forma pauperis if: the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while 28 Dockets.Justia.com 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 (2) 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 JDDL incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury. 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). The constitutionality of this provision has been upheld by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. Andrews v. King, 398 F.3d 1113, 1123 (9th Cir. 2005); Rodriguez v. Cook, 169 F.3d 1176, 1181 (9th Cir. 1999). "[Section] 1915(g) should be used to deny a prisoner's IFP status only when, after careful evaluation of the order dismissing an action, and other relevant information, the district court determines that the action was dismissed because it was frivolous, malicious or failed to state a claim." Andrews, 398 F.3d at 1121. "In some instances, the district court docket records may be sufficient to show that a prior dismissal satisfies at least one of the criteria under 1915(g) and therefore counts as a strike." Id. at 1120. It appears that Plaintiff has filed at least five prior lawsuits while he has been a prisoner and that at least three of Plaintiff's prior lawsuits qualify as "strikes" under 1915(g): (1) Neuendorf v. Steinhillber, 10-CV-724-PHX-RCB (DKD) (D. Ariz. Judgment of dismissal filed June 21, 2010); Neuendorf v. John C. Lincoln Medical, 10-CV-752-PHX-RCB (DKD) (D. Ariz. Order of dismissal filed August 3, 2010); and Neuendorf v. State of Arizona, 10-CV-2238-PHX-RCB (DKD) (D. Ariz. Order of dismissal filed January 20, 2011). (3) II. Imminent Danger A plaintiff who has three or more strikes may not bring a civil action without complete prepayment of the $350.00 filing fee unless he is in imminent danger of serious physical injury. 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). To meet the "imminent danger" requirement, the "threat or prison condition [must be] real and proximate," Ciarpaglini v. Saini, 352 F.3d 328, 330 (7th Cir. 2003) (quoting Lewis v. Sullivan, 279 F.3d 526, 531 (7th Cir. 2002)), and the allegations must be "specific or credible." Kinnell v. Graves, 265 F.3d 1125, 1128 (10th Cir. 2001). -2- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 JDDL Plaintiff does not allege that he is in imminent danger of serious physical injury and his allegations do not support such a finding. III. Order to Show Cause "[O]nce a prisoner has been placed on notice of the potential disqualification under 1915(g) . . . , the prisoner bears the ultimate burden of persuading the court that 1915(g) does not preclude IFP status." Andrews, 398 F.3d at 1120. This Order serves as notice of Plaintiff's potential disqualification under 1915(g). The Court will permit Plaintiff an opportunity to show cause in writing why the dismissals of his prior lawsuits do not preclude him in forma pauperis status under 1915(g). Plaintiff's response to this Order shall be limited to this issue and must be filed within 30 days of the date this Order is filed. Alternatively, Plaintiff may submit the $350.00 filing fee within 30 days of the date this Order is filed. If Plaintiff fails to timely respond to this Order or fails to persuade the Court that 1915(g) does not preclude him in forma pauperis status, Plaintiff's Application to Proceed will be denied, and the Complaint and this action will be dismissed without prejudice pursuant to 1915(g). If Plaintiff wishes to reassert these claims in the future, he must prepay the entire $350.00 filing fee when he files her action. IV. Warnings A. Address Changes Plaintiff must file and serve a notice of a change of address in accordance with Rule 83.3(d) of the Local Rules of Civil Procedure. Plaintiff must not include a motion for other relief with a notice of change of address. Failure to comply may result in dismissal of this action. B. Copies Plaintiff must submit an additional copy of every filing for use by the Court. See LRCiv 5.4. Failure to comply may result in the filing being stricken without further notice to Plaintiff. ... -3- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 JDDL C. Possible Dismissal If Plaintiff fails to timely comply with every provision of this Order, including these warnings, the Court may dismiss this action without further notice. See Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992) (a district court may dismiss an action for failure to comply with any order of the Court). IT IS ORDERED: (1) Plaintiff is ORDERED TO SHOW CAUSE, in writing, within 30 days of the date this Order is filed, why the dismissals of his prior lawsuits do not preclude him in forma pauperis status under 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). Plaintiff's written response shall be limited to this issue only. (2) If Plaintiff fails to either pay the $350.00 filing fee or file a response to this Order to Show Cause within 30 days of the date this Order is filed, the Clerk of Court must enter a judgment of dismissal of this action without further notice to Plaintiff and without prejudice to Plaintiff filing a complaint in a new case accompanied by prepayment of the full $350.00 filing fee. DATED this 8th day of April, 2011. -4-

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