De La Cadena v. Ryan et al

Filing 4

ORDER Petitioner's Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus 1 and this case are dismissed without prejudice. The Clerk of Court must enter judgment accordingly and close this case. The Court declines to issue a certificate of appealability. Signed by Judge David G Campbell on 8/2/12. (TLJ)

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1 2 KM WO 3 4 5 6 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA 8 9 Francisco M. De La Cadena, Petitioner, 10 11 vs. 12 Charles L. Ryan, et al., Respondents. 13 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. CV12-1305-PHX-DGC (JFM) ORDER 14 15 On June 18, 2012, Petitioner Francisco M. De La Cadena, who is confined in the 16 Arizona State Prison Complex-Lewis, filed a pro se Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus 17 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 (Doc. 1) and paid the filing fee. 18 I. Petition 19 Petitioner was convicted in Maricopa County Superior Court, case CR 2004-137060- 20 001DT, of two counts of aggravated assault and one count of influencing a witness. He was 21 sentenced to a 7.5-year term of imprisonment. In his Petition, Petitioner names Charles L. 22 Ryan as Respondent and the Arizona Attorney General as an Additional Respondent. Petitioner raises nine grounds for relief in his Petition. He also alleges that he has a 23 24 petition pending in the Arizona Supreme Court. 25 III. Discussion 26 Before the court may grant habeas relief to a state prisoner, the prisoner must exhaust 27 remedies available in the state courts. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1); O’Sullivan v. Boerckel, 526 28 1 U.S. 838, 842 (1999). “In other words, the state prisoner must give the state courts an 2 opportunity to act on his claims before he presents those claims to a federal court in a habeas 3 petition.” O’Sullivan, 526 U.S. at 842. The failure to exhaust subjects the Petition to 4 dismissal. See Gutierrez v. Griggs, 695 F.2d 1195, 1197 (9th Cir. 1983). 5 If a prisoner has post-conviction proceedings pending in state court, the federal 6 exhaustion requirement is not satisfied. See Sherwood v. Tomkins, 716 F.2d 632, 634 (9th 7 Cir. 1983) (pending appeal); Schnepp v. Oregon, 333 F.2d 288, 288 (9th Cir. 1964) (pending 8 post-conviction proceeding). The prisoner must await the outcome of the pending state-court 9 challenge before proceeding in federal court, “even where the issue to be challenged in the 10 writ of habeas corpus has been finally settled in the state courts.” Sherwood, 716 F.3d at 11 634. The pending state-court proceeding could affect the conviction or sentence and, 12 therefore, could ultimately affect or moot these proceedings. Id. 13 In light of Petitioner’s pending state court petition, the Petition is premature and must 14 be dismissed. See id.; Schnepp. The Court will dismiss the case without prejudice. 15 IT IS ORDERED: 16 17 (1) Petitioner’s Petition for Habeas Corpus (Doc. 1) and this case are dismissed without prejudice. 18 (2) The Clerk of Court must enter judgment accordingly and close this case. 19 (3) Pursuant to Rule 11(a) of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases, in the event 20 Petitioner files an appeal, the Court declines to issue a certificate of appealability because 21 reasonable jurists would not find the Court’s procedural ruling debatable. See Slack v. 22 McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000). 23 DATED this 2nd day of August, 2012. 24 25 26 27 28 -2-

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