Miller v. Aguillar et al

Filing 48

ORDER, Defendant's Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Prosecution 46 is granted; all remaining motions are denied as moot; this action is dismissed without prejudice; the Clerk must enter judgment accordinglyp; for the reasons set forth in this order, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3), an appeal from the judgment in this action would not be taken in good faith. Signed by Senior Judge Robert C Broomfield on 3/18/14. (REW)

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1 WO 2 3 4 5 6 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA 8 9 William Earl Miller, 10 Plaintiff, vs. 11 12 David Aguilar, et al., 13 Defendants. 14 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. CV 12-2321-PHX-RCB-BSB ORDER 15 16 Plaintiff William Miller, appearing pro se, filed this civil rights action pursuant to 17 Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Federal Bureau of Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388 (1971) 18 (Doc. 1). The Court directed Defendant Aguillar to answer the Complaint, which presented 19 one count for violation of Plaintiff’s Fourth Amendment rights (Doc. 5).1 Defendant now 20 moves to dismiss for failure to prosecute (Doc. 46). Plaintiff did not respond to the motion. 21 The Court will grant the motion to dismiss, deny all remaining motions as moot, and 22 dismiss the action. 23 /// 24 /// 25 26 27 28 1 The Court did not direct service as to Defendant Unknown Deputy and, instead, informed Plaintiff that he could utilize the discovery process to identify the fictitiously named defendant and amend his pleading accordingly (Doc. 5). To date, Plaintiff has not amended his Complaint to identify the John Doe Defendant. 1 I. Motion to Dismiss for Failure to Prosecute 2 Defendant argues that dismissal is appropriate because of Plaintiff’s failure to obey 3 the Court’s order to attend his deposition (Doc. 46). Defendant first scheduled the deposition 4 for January 13, 2014, but Plaintiff failed to appear. Defendant then sought and received an 5 Order compelling Plaintiff’s attendance at his deposition but Plaintiff has not cooperated in 6 rescheduling his deposition. Further, Plaintiff did not respond to the motion to dismiss, 7 despite receiving a warning from the Court outlining the consequences for failing to respond 8 (Doc. 47). 9 II. Legal Standard and Analysis 10 Plaintiff has the general duty to prosecute this case. See Fidelity Philadelphia Trust 11 Co. v. Pioche Mines Consol., Inc., 587 F.2d 27, 29 (9th Cir. 1978). Rule 41(b) of the Federal 12 Rules of Civil Procedure provides that “[f]or failure of the plaintiff to prosecute or to comply 13 with these rules or any order of court, a defendant may move for dismissal of an action.” In 14 addition, Rule 7.2(i) of the Local Rules of Civil Procedure provides that if a party does not 15 serve and file the required answering memorandum, such non-compliance with the Rule 16 “may be deemed a consent to the denial or granting of the motion and the Court may dispose 17 of the motion summarily.” 18 In determining whether Plaintiff’s failure to prosecute warrants dismissal of the case, 19 the Court must weigh the following five factors: “(1) the public’s interest in expeditious 20 resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to 21 the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits and (5) the 22 availability of less drastic sanctions.” Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1423 (9th Cir. 23 1986). “The first two of these factors favor the imposition of sanctions in most cases, while 24 the fourth factor cuts against a default or dismissal sanction. Thus the key factors are 25 prejudice and availability of lesser sanctions.” Wanderer v. Johnston, 910 F.2d 652, 656 (9th 26 Cir. 1990). 27 Here, the first, second, and third factors favor dismissal of this case. Plaintiff’s failure 28 appear for his deposition plainly prejudices Defendant’s ability to defend this action. The -2- 1 fourth factor, as always, weighs against dismissal. The fifth factor requires the Court to 2 consider whether a less drastic alternative is available. But the Court need not exhaust every 3 sanction short of dismissal before finally dismissing a case. See Henderson, 779 F.2d at 4 1424. 5 There is nothing in the record to controvert Defendant’s evidence that Plaintiff failed 6 to appear for his deposition despite the Court’s Order directing him to do so. There is also 7 nothing to indicate that Plaintiff will cooperate in the future; he did not even respond to the 8 motion to dismiss. It appears that Plaintiff has abandoned this litigation. The Court will 9 dismiss the case. 10 IT IS ORDERED: 11 (1) Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Prosecution (Doc. 46) is granted. 12 (2) All remaining motions are denied as moot. 13 (3) This action is dismissed without prejudice, and the Clerk of Court must enter 14 15 16 17 judgment accordingly. (4) For the reasons set forth herein, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3), an appeal from the judgment in this action would not be taken in good faith. DATED this 18th day of March, 2014. 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 -3-

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