Schlobom v. Mountain Vista Medical Center et al

Filing 19

ORDER the 14 First Amended Complaint is dismissed for failure to state a claim. Plaintiff has 30 days from the date this Order is filed to file a second amended complaint in compliance with this Order. If Plaintiff fails to comply, the Clerk of Court must, without further notice, enter a judgment of dismissal of this action with prejudice that states that the dismissal may count as a "strike" under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). The Clerk must mail Plaintiff a court-approved form for filing a civil rights complaint by a prisoner. Defendants' 15 , 16 Motions to Dismiss are denied. Plaintiff's 17 Motion for Appointment of Counsel is denied. Signed by Judge Steven P Logan on 8/8/2014. (LFIG)

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1 WO SC 2 3 4 5 6 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA 8 9 10 Carl Dean Schlobom, 11 12 13 14 No. CV 13-01237-PHX-SPL (MEA) Plaintiff, vs. ORDER Mountain Vista Medical Center, et al., Defendants. 15 16 17 Complex-Lewis, Bachman Unit in Buckeye, Arizona, filed a pro se Complaint in 18 Maricopa County Superior Court. 19 Defendants Charles Ryan, Director of the Arizona Department of Corrections (“ADC”), 20 and Richard Pratt, the Interim Division Director of the Division of Health Services for 21 ADC, among others. Ryan and Pratt were served with the Complaint on May 16, 2013. 22 On June 20, 2013, Ryan and Pratt removed the case to federal court based on federal 23 question jurisdiction. 24 Defendants consented to the removal. (Id.) Following removal, the Stryker Corporation 25 filed a motion to dismiss the case. (Doc. 5.) In addition, Plaintiff filed a motion for 26 appointment of counsel and later filed a response to a motion to dismiss that had been 27 filed by Defendant Mountain Vista Medical Center (“Mountain Vista”) while the case 28 JDDL-K Plaintiff Carl Dean Schlobom, who is confined in the Arizona State Prison was in state court. (Docs. 6, 8.) Mountain Vista then filed a motion to strike Plaintiff’s (Doc. 1, Attach. 4.) In it, Plaintiff named as (Doc. 1.) They represented that all of the other then-served 1 “second response to the Motion to Dismiss filed by [Mountain Vista]” because Plaintiff 2 had previously filed a response to the motion in state court. (Doc. 10.) Defendant Vasiq 3 also filed a motion to dismiss. (Doc. 12.) 4 In an Order filed on November 20, 2013, the Court found that the case had been 5 properly removed to this Court, but dismissed the Complaint for failure to state a claim, 6 or as duplicative of claims in a previously filed case, Schlobom v. Ryan, No. CV11-1753- 7 PHX-SPL (MEA), with leave to amend. (Doc. 13.) The Court denied the parties’ 8 motions. (Id.) 9 Plaintiff has filed a First Amended Complaint. (Doc. 14.) Stryker Corporation 10 and Mountain Vista have each filed motions to dismiss and Plaintiff has filed an 11 ostensible motion for appointment of counsel. The Court will dismiss the First Amended 12 Complaint for failure to state a claim with leave to amend within 30 days. Defendants’ 13 motions to dismiss will be denied as moot. Plaintiff’s motion for appointment of counsel 14 in which Plaintiff seeks the appointment of a guardian ad litem will also be denied. 15 I. Statutory Screening of Prisoner Complaints 16 The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief 17 against a governmental entity or an officer or an employee of a governmental entity. 28 18 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if a plaintiff 19 has raised claims that are legally frivolous or malicious, that fail to state a claim upon 20 which relief may be granted, or that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is 21 immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1), (2). 22 A pleading must contain a “short and plain statement of the claim showing that the 23 pleader is entitled to relief.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2) (emphasis added). While Rule 8 24 does not demand detailed factual allegations, “it demands more than an unadorned, the- 25 defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation.” 26 (2009). “Threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere 27 conclusory statements, do not suffice.” Id. 28 JDDL-K Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 “[A] complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a -2- 1 claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’” Id. (quoting Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 2 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). A claim is plausible “when the plaintiff pleads factual 3 content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable 4 for the misconduct alleged.” Id. “Determining whether a complaint states a plausible 5 claim for relief [is] . . . a context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw 6 on its judicial experience and common sense.” Id. at 679. Thus, although a plaintiff’s 7 specific factual allegations may be consistent with a constitutional claim, a court must 8 assess whether there are other “more likely explanations” for a defendant’s conduct. Id. 9 at 681. 10 But as the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit has instructed, 11 courts must “continue to construe pro se filings liberally.” Hebbe v. Pliler, 627 F.3d 338, 12 342 (9th Cir. 2010). A “complaint [filed by a pro se prisoner] ‘must be held to less 13 stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers.’” Id. (quoting Erickson v. 14 Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007) (per curiam)). 15 If the Court determines that a pleading could be cured by the allegation of other 16 facts, a pro se litigant is entitled to an opportunity to amend a complaint before dismissal 17 of the action. See Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1127-29 (9th Cir. 2000) (en banc). 18 Plaintiff’s First Amended Complaint will be dismissed for failure to state a claim, but 19 because it may possibly be amended to state a claim, the Court will dismiss it with leave 20 to amend. 21 II. First Amended Complaint 22 In his First Amended Complaint, Plaintiff alleges one count for constitutionally 23 deficient medical care as well as state law claims for medical malpractice and product 24 liability. Plaintiff sues Mountain Vista Medical Center (“Mountain Vista”); Stryker 25 Medical Corporation (“Stryker”); Yvel Moreau, M.D.; John Doe 1, a sales representative 26 for Stryker; and Charles L. Ryan, the Director of ADC. Plaintiff seeks declaratory, 27 injunctive, compensatory, and punitive relief. 28 JDDL-K Plaintiff alleges the following facts in his First Amended Complaint: -3- on 1 September 5, 2010, emergency surgery was performed on Plaintiff at Mountain Vista, 2 with which Ryan had contracted to provide medical care for inmates, and titanium rods, 3 screws, and cables were used to repair a compound fracture of Plaintiff’s left leg. Dr. 4 Moreau was a licensed orthopedic physician with privileges at Mountain Vista who 5 performed the surgery. Plaintiff contends that the medical hardware used to repair his leg 6 was defective and malfunction; specifically, he contends the hardware is bent, broken, 7 and displaced in his leg. In the alternative, Plaintiff alleges that Moreau used bent, 8 broken, or displaced hardware to repair his leg. 9 manufactured defective hardware, which was sold to Mountain Vista by Doe. Plaintiff 10 Plaintiff contends that Stryker also asserts that Doe was present in the operating room during his surgery. 11 In July 2011, x-rays were taken of Plaintiff’s left leg. An orthopedic physician 12 who reviewed the x-rays recommended that the hardware be removed. Since then, 13 Plaintiff has used a wheelchair and suffers continuous pain. Plaintiff contends that 14 Stryker’s hardware was defective, Stryker sold defective hardware to Mountain Vista, 15 and Moreau used the defective hardware to repair Plaintiff’s leg. Plaintiff has suffered 16 chronic and extreme pain and suffered permanent injuries as a result. Plaintiff contends 17 that Director Ryan has a policy and practice of failing to provide adequate medical care 18 to inmates and is deliberately indifferent to systemic failures. 19 III. Failure to State a Federal Claim 20 To state a claim under § 1983, a plaintiff must allege facts supporting that (1) the 21 conduct about which he complains was committed by a person acting under the color of 22 state law and (2) the conduct deprived him of a federal constitutional or statutory right. 23 Wood v. Ostrander, 879 F.2d 583, 587 (9th Cir. 1989). In addition, a plaintiff must 24 allege that he suffered a specific injury as a result of the conduct of a particular defendant 25 and he must allege an affirmative link between the injury and the conduct of that 26 defendant. Rizzo v. Goode, 423 U.S. 362, 371-72, 377 (1976). 27 28 JDDL-K A. Plaintiff sues Mountain Vista and Stryker, two private corporations. Mountain Mountain Vista and Stryker -4- 1 Vista is a Delaware limited partnership.1 Stryker appears to be a corporation domiciled 2 in Michigan, which manufactured the medical hardware used to repair Plaintiff’s leg.2 3 Claims under § 1983 may be directed at persons and “bodies politic and 4 corporate.” Monell v. Dep’t of Soc. Servs., 436 U.S. 658, 688-89 (1978). Under the Civil 5 Rights Act of 1871, Congress intended municipal corporations and other local 6 government units to be included among those persons to whom § 1983 applies. Id. That 7 proposition has been extended to corporations that act under color of state law. See Sable 8 Commc’s of Cal. Inc. v. Pacific Tel. & Tel Co., 890 F.2d 184, 189 (9th Cir. 1989) (willful 9 joint participation of private corporation in joint activity with state or its agent taken 10 under color of state law). 11 There are four ways to find state action by a private entity for purposes of § 1983: 12 (1) the private actor performs a public function, (2) the private actor engages in joint 13 activity with a state actor, (3) a private actor is subject to governmental compulsion or 14 coercion, or (4) there is a governmental nexus with the private actor. Kirtley v. Rainey, 15 326 F.3d 1088, 1093 (9th Cir. 2003). Under the public function test, “the function 16 [performed by the private actor] must traditionally be the exclusive prerogative of the 17 state.” Parks Sch. of Bus., Inc. v. Symington, 51 F.3d 1480, 1486 (9th Cir. 1995); see 18 Kirtley, 326 F.3d at 1093; Lee v. Katz, 276 F.3d 550, 554-555 (9th Cir. 2002). 19 Compliance with generally applicable law, without more, is insufficient to show that a 20 private entity was subject to governmental compulsion, such that a private entity is 21 deemed a governmental actor. Sutton v. Providence St. Joseph Med. Ctr., 192 F.3d 826, 22 841 (9th Cir. 1999). “[A] plaintiff must establish some other nexus sufficient to make it 23 fair to attribute liability to the private entity”. Sutton, 192 F.3d at 841. “Typically, the 24 nexus has consisted of participation by the state in an action ostensibly taken by the 25 private entity, through conspiratorial agreement (Adickes [v. S.H. Kress & Co., 398 U.S. 26 1 27 28 JDDL-K See ID=3006564&NME_CODE=F1LP (last visited Oct. 31, 2013). 2 See (last visited June 19, 2014). -5- 1 144 (1970)]), official cooperation with the private entity to achieve the private entity’s 2 goal (Lugar [v. Edmondson, 457 U.S. 922 (1982)]), or enforcement and ratification of the 3 private entity’s chosen action (Moose Lodge [No. 107 v. Irvis, 407 U.S. 163 ((1972)]).” 4 Id. 5 Although Plaintiff alleges facts to support that Mountain Vista performed a 6 traditional governmental function or a nexus to governmental action, Plaintiff does not 7 allege facts to support any connection between the State and Stryker. Rather, Plaintiff 8 alleges that a Stryker sales representative sold medical hardware to Mountain Vista. The 9 provision of medical hardware to another corporation is not a public function. Plaintiff 10 does not otherwise allege facts to support that the State and Stryker engaged in a joint 11 venture, that Stryker was subject to government compulsion or coercion such that it acted 12 under color of state law, or the existence of a governmental nexus with Stryker. 13 Consequently, Plaintiff fails to allege facts to support that Stryker acted under color of 14 state law. 15 Even assuming that Plaintiff had alleged facts to support that Mountain Vista and 16 Stryker acted under color of state law, Plaintiff fails to state a claim under § 1983 against 17 either. To state a claim under § 1983 against a private entity, assuming facts supporting 18 state action have been alleged, a plaintiff must also allege facts to support that his 19 constitutional rights were violated as a result of a policy, decision, or custom 20 promulgated or endorsed by the private entity. See Buckner v. Toro, 116 F.3d 450, 452 21 (11th Cir. 1997); Street v. Corrections Corp. of Am., 102 F.3d 810, 814 (6th Cir. 1996); 22 Wall v. Dion, 257 F. Supp.2d 316, 319 (D. Me 2003); see also Austin v. Paramount 23 Parks, Inc., 195 F.3d 715, 727 (4th Cir. 1999); Rojas v. Alexander’s Dep’t Store, Inc. , 24 924 F.2d 406, 408 (2d Cir. 1990); Lux by Lux v. Hansen, 886 F.2d 1064, 1067 (8th Cir. 25 1989). 26 27 were violated as a result of a policy, decision, or custom of either Mountain Vista or 28 JDDL-K Plaintiff makes only vague and conclusory assertions that his constitutional rights Stryker. Although pro se pleadings are liberally construed, Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. -6- 1 519, 520-21 (1972), conclusory and vague allegations will not support a cause of action. 2 Ivey v. Bd. of Regents of the Univ. of Alaska, 673 F.2d 266, 268 (9th Cir. 1982). Further, 3 a liberal interpretation of a civil rights complaint may not supply essential elements of the 4 claim that were not initially pled. Id. Plaintiff has not alleged facts to support that his 5 constitutional rights were violated as a result of a policy, decision, or custom 6 promulgated or endorsed by Mountain Vista or Stryker. Accordingly, Plaintiff fails to 7 state a claim against Mountain Vista or Stryker and they will be dismissed. 8 C. 9 Plaintiff also sues Dr. Moreau, who performed surgery on Plaintiff’s left leg and 10 used Stryker hardware to repair his leg. While Dr. Moreau may arguably be sued under 11 § 1983 for constitutionally deficient medical care where he performed surgery on 12 Plaintiff’s leg pursuant to a contract between Mountain Vista and ADC, Plaintiff fails to 13 allege facts to support that Moreau rendered constitutionally-deficient medical care. Dr. Moreau 14 Not every claim by a prisoner relating to inadequate medical treatment states a 15 violation of the Eighth or Fourteenth Amendment. To state a § 1983 medical claim, a 16 plaintiff must show that the defendants acted with “deliberate indifference to serious 17 medical needs.” Jett v. Penner, 439 F.3d 1091, 1096 (9th Cir. 2006) (quoting Estelle v. 18 Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 104 (1976)). A plaintiff must show (1) a “serious medical need” 19 by demonstrating that failure to treat the condition could result in further significant 20 injury or the unnecessary and wanton infliction of pain and (2) the defendant’s response 21 was deliberately indifferent. Jett, 439 F.3d at 1096 (quotations omitted). 22 23 1051, 1060 (9th Cir. 2004). To act with deliberate indifference, a prison official must 24 both know of and disregard an excessive risk to inmate health; “the official must both be 25 aware of facts from which the inference could be drawn that a substantial risk of serious 26 harm exists, and he must also draw the inference.” Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 27 837 (1994). 28 JDDL-K “Deliberate indifference is a high legal standard.” Toguchi v. Chung, 391 F.3d purposeful act or failure to respond to a prisoner’s pain or possible medical need and Deliberate indifference in the medical context may be shown by a -7- 1 harm caused by the indifference. Jett, 439 F.3d at 1096. Deliberate indifference may 2 also be shown when a prison official intentionally denies, delays, or interferes with 3 medical treatment or by the way prison doctors respond to the prisoner’s medical needs. 4 Estelle, 429 U.S. at 104-05; Jett, 439 F.3d at 1096. 5 Deliberate indifference is a higher standard than negligence or lack of ordinary 6 due care for the prisoner’s safety. Farmer, 511 U.S. at 835. “Neither negligence nor 7 gross negligence will constitute deliberate indifference.” Clement v. California Dep’t of 8 Corr., 220 F. Supp. 2d 1098, 1105 (N.D. Cal. 2002); see also Broughton v. Cutter Labs., 9 622 F.2d 458, 460 (9th Cir. 1980) (mere claims of “indifference,” “negligence,” or 10 “medical malpractice” do not support a claim under § 1983). “A difference of opinion 11 does not amount to deliberate indifference to [a plaintiff’s] serious medical needs.” 12 Sanchez v. Vild, 891 F.2d 240, 242 (9th Cir. 1989). A mere delay in medical care, 13 without more, is insufficient to state a claim against prison officials for deliberate 14 indifference. See Shapley v. Nevada Bd. of State Prison Comm’rs, 766 F.2d 404, 407 15 (9th Cir. 1985). The indifference must be substantial. The action must rise to a level of 16 “unnecessary and wanton infliction of pain.” Estelle, 429 U.S. at 105. 17 Plaintiff asserts that the Stryker hardware was defective, but Plaintiff does not 18 allege facts to support that Dr. Moreau knew, or should have known, that use of the 19 Stryker hardware for Plaintiff’s injuries posed a substantial risk to Plaintiff. Indeed, 20 Plaintiff at best speculates that Dr. Moreau may have used Stryker hardware that was 21 already damaged to repair his leg. Plaintiff wholly fails to allege any facts to support that 22 Dr. Moreau acted with deliberate indifference to Plaintiff’s injuries. 23 Plaintiff fails to state a claim against Dr. Moreau and he will be dismissed. Accordingly, 24 25 Finally, Plaintiff also sues Director Ryan. To state a claim against a defendant, 26 “[a] plaintiff must allege facts, not simply conclusions [to] show that an individual was 27 personally involved in the deprivation of his civil rights.” Barren v. Harrington, 152 28 JDDL-K D. F.3d 1193, 1194 (9th Cir. 1998). For an individual to be liable in his official capacity, a Ryan -8- 1 plaintiff must allege that the official acted as a result of a policy, practice, or custom. See 2 Cortez v. County of Los Angeles, 294 F.3d 1186, 1188 (9th Cir. 2001). Further, there is 3 no respondeat superior liability under §1983, so a defendant’s position as the supervisor 4 of someone who allegedly violated a plaintiff’s constitutional rights does not make him 5 liable. Monell v. Dep’t of Soc. Servs., 436 U.S. 658, 691 (1978); Taylor v. List, 880 F.2d 6 1040, 1045 (9th Cir. 1989). A supervisor in his individual capacity, “is only liable for 7 constitutional violations of his subordinates if the supervisor participated in or directed 8 the violations, or knew of the violations and failed to act to prevent them.” Taylor, 880 9 F.2d at 1045. 10 Plaintiff alleges that Ryan contracted with Mountain Vista to provide medical care 11 to ADC inmates and claims that Ryan had a policy and practice of failing to provide 12 constitutionally adequate medical care resulting in systemic failures of medical care for 13 inmates. 14 Mountain Vista despite knowing, or having reason to know, that Mountain Vista 15 provided, or was likely to provide, constitutionally inadequate medical care to inmates. 16 Plaintiff otherwise fails to allege facts to support that Ryan contracted with Mountain 17 Vista pursuant to a policy or practice of providing constitutionally deficient medical care 18 to inmates. Accordingly, Plaintiff fails to state a claim against Ryan and he will be 19 dismissed. 20 IV. Plaintiff has not alleged any facts to support that Ryan contracted with State Law Claims 21 22 malpractice and product liability. Where a federal court has original jurisdiction over an 23 action, such as a case asserting violations of 42 U.S.C. § 1983, the doctrine of pendent 24 jurisdiction allows a federal court to exercise “pendent” or “supplemental” jurisdiction 25 over closely-related state law claims. Bahrampour v. Lampert, 356 F.3d 969, 978 (9th 26 Cir. 2004) (citing 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a)). Because Plaintiff fails to state a federal claim 27 against the Defendants in his First Amended Complaint, the Court declines to exercise 28 JDDL-K Plaintiff appears to also be attempting to allege state law claims for medical jurisdiction over his state law claims in his First Amended Complaint and will dismiss -9- 1 those claims without prejudice. 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c). If Plaintiff seeks to pursue those 2 claims in this action, he must re-allege those claims in any amended complaint. 3 V. Leave to Amend 4 For the foregoing reasons, Plaintiff’s First Amended Complaint will be dismissed 5 for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. Within 30 days, Plaintiff 6 may submit a second amended complaint to cure the deficiencies outlined above. The 7 Clerk of Court will mail Plaintiff a court-approved form to use for filing a second 8 amended complaint. If Plaintiff fails to use the court-approved form, the Court may 9 strike the second amended complaint and dismiss this action without further notice to 10 Plaintiff. 11 Plaintiff must clearly designate on the face of the document that it is the “Second 12 Amended Complaint.” The second amended complaint must be retyped or rewritten in 13 its entirety on the court-approved form and may not incorporate any part of the original 14 Complaint or First Amended Complaint by reference. Plaintiff may include only one 15 claim per count. 16 A second amended complaint supersedes the original Complaint and First 17 Amended Complaint. Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1262 (9th Cir. 1992); Hal 18 Roach Studios v. Richard Feiner & Co., 896 F.2d 1542, 1546 (9th Cir. 1990). After 19 amendment, the Court will treat the original Complaint and First Amended Complaint as 20 nonexistent. Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1262. Any cause of action that was raised in the 21 original complaint or first amended complaint and that was voluntarily dismissed or was 22 dismissed without prejudice is waived if it is not alleged in a second amended complaint. 23 Lacey v. Maricopa County, 693 F.3d 896, 928 (9th Cir. 2012) (en banc). 24 VI. Motion for Appointment of Counsel 25 26 appointment of a guardian ad litem (GAL) under Rule 17(c)(2) of the Federal Rules of 27 Civil Procedure. (Doc. 17.) Rule 17(c)(2) provides that “an incompetent person who 28 JDDL-K Plaintiff has filed a motion for appointment of counsel in which he seeks does not have a duly appointed representative may sue by a next friend or by a guardian - 10 - 1 ad litem. The court must appoint a guardian ad litem — or issue another appropriate 2 order — to protect a minor or incompetent person who is unrepresented in an action.” A 3 court should not enter a judgment that operates as a judgment on the merits in a civil case 4 without complying with Rule 17(c). Krain v. Smallwood, 880 F.2d 1119, 1121 (9th Cir. 5 1989); accord Allen v. Calderon, 408 F.3d 1150, 1153 (9th Cir. 2005). 6 proceeding pro se in a civil lawsuit is entitled to a competency determination when 7 substantial evidence of incompetence is presented.” Allen, 408 F.3d at 1153 (emphasis 8 added). That is, when a substantial question exists regarding the mental competence of a 9 party proceeding pro se, a district court should conduct a hearing to determine 10 competence so that a GAL can be appointed, if necessary. Krain, 880 F.2d at 1121; 11 accord Allen, 408 F.3d at 1153. The decision to appoint a GAL under Rule 17(c) is in 12 the sound discretion of the Court. Davis v. Walker, 745 F.3d 1303, 1310 (9th Cir. 2014). “A party 13 Plaintiff seeks the appointment of a GAL based on the complexity of the issues, 14 his incarceration, his indigence, and his limited legal experience and limited access to 15 legal resources. None of these reasons are grounds for appointment of a GAL. Plaintiff 16 also asserts that he has been diagnosed as chronically mentally ill, he is under the care of 17 mental health staff, he takes numerous psychotropic medications that impair his ability to 18 function normally, and he claims to be incompetent as a result of his mental illness. 19 Plaintiff has not submitted anything to support that he is chronically mentally ill, 20 e.g., such as psychological or psychiatric reports or diagnoses, or even alleged his mental 21 health diagnoses. Further, while Plaintiff asserts that he is incompetent, his filings have 22 been neither fanciful nor delusional. At this juncture, there is not a substantial question 23 regarding Plaintiff’s competence. 24 appointment of a GAL, or some other order, is necessary under Rule 17 to protect 25 Plaintiff’s best interests, his motion will be denied.3 Because there is no evidence to support that the 26 3 27 28 JDDL-K “A guardian ad litem is not appointed to serve as counsel but to ‘act for the [ward] in the cause, with authority to engage counsel, file suit, and to prosecute, control, and direct the litigation.’” Adamson v. Hayes, No. 2010 WL 5069885, at *5 (D. Ariz. Dec. 7, 2010) (quoting Noe v. True, 507 F.2d 9, 12 (6th Cir. 1974)). The appointment of a GAL “‘deprives the litigant of the right to control the litigation’” and the GAL is - 11 - 1 VII. Warnings 2 A. 3 Plaintiff must pay the unpaid balance of the filing fee within 120 days of his 4 release. Also, within 30 days of his release, he must either (1) notify the Court that he 5 intends to pay the balance or (2) show good cause, in writing, why he cannot. Failure to 6 comply may result in dismissal of this action. Release 7 B. 8 Plaintiff must file and serve a notice of a change of address in accordance with 9 Rule 83.3(d) of the Local Rules of Civil Procedure. Plaintiff must not include a motion 10 for other relief with a notice of change of address. Failure to comply may result in 11 dismissal of this action. Address Changes 12 C. 13 Plaintiff must submit an additional copy of every filing for use by the Court. See 14 LRCiv 5.4. Failure to comply may result in the filing being stricken without further 15 notice to Plaintiff. Copies 16 D. 17 Because the First Amended Complaint has been dismissed for failure to state a 18 claim, if Plaintiff fails to file a second amended complaint correcting the deficiencies 19 identified in this Order, the dismissal may count as a “strike” under the “3-strikes” 20 provision of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Under the 3-strikes provision, a prisoner may not bring 21 a civil action or appeal a civil judgment in forma pauperis under 28 U.S.C. § 1915 “if the 22 prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, 23 brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the 24 grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be Possible “Strike” 25 26 27 28 JDDL-K authorized to act on behalf of his ward and may make all appropriate decisions in the course of the specific litigation.” Id. (quoting Thomas v. Humfield, 916 F.2d 1032, 1034 (5th Cir. 1990)). If appointed, a GAL may retain an attorney to represent his ward in litigation, although such attorney likely would have to be retained on either a pro bono or contingency fee basis. Id. Thus, even if a GAL were appointed and is an attorney, such GAL would not litigate the case for Plaintiff but ostensibly could retain counsel to do so if necessary to protect Plaintiff’s interests. - 12 - 1 granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.” 28 2 U.S.C. § 1915(g). 3 E. 4 If Plaintiff fails to timely comply with every provision of this Order, including 5 these warnings, the Court may dismiss this action without further notice. See Ferdik, 963 6 F.2d at 1260-61 (a district court may dismiss an action for failure to comply with any 7 order of the Court). 8 IT IS ORDERED: 9 (1) Possible Dismissal The First Amended Complaint (Doc. 14) is dismissed for failure to state a 10 claim. Plaintiff has 30 days from the date this Order is filed to file a second amended 11 complaint in compliance with this Order. 12 (2) If Plaintiff fails to file a second amended complaint within 30 days, the 13 Clerk of Court must, without further notice, enter a judgment of dismissal of this action 14 with prejudice that states that the dismissal may count as a “strike” under 28 U.S.C. 15 § 1915(g). 16 (3) 17 The Clerk of Court must mail Plaintiff a court-approved form for filing a civil rights complaint by a prisoner. 18 (4) Defendants’ motions to dismiss are denied. (Docs. 15, 16.) 19 (5) Plaintiff’s motion for appointment of counsel is denied. (Doc. 17.) 20 Dated this 8th day of August, 2014. 21 22 Honorable Steven P. Logan United States District Judge 23 24 25 26 27 28 JDDL-K - 13 -

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