First Solar Incorporated, et al v. JB Hunt Transport Incorporated, et al

Filing 30

ORDER that Plaintiffs' Motion to Remand (Doc. 22 ) is granted. The Clerk shall remand this case to the Superior Court for Maricopa County. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiffs may claim costs and attorneys' fees pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 54(d) and Local Rule LRCiv 54.2. Signed by Judge Neil V Wake on 6/22/2015. (Attachments: # 1 Remand Letter)(KMG)

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1 WO 2 3 4 5 6 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA 8 9 First Solar Incorporated, et al., 10 Plaintiffs, 11 ORDER v. 12 No. CV-15-00702-PHX-NVW JB Hunt Transport Incorporated, et al., 13 Defendants. 14 15 Before the court is Plaintiffs’ Motion to Remand (Doc. 22). Plaintiffs initially 16 sued Defendant JB Hunt Transport, Inc. (“Hunt”), and several other parties in Maricopa 17 County Superior Court on December 9, 2014, seeking damages for breach of contract, 18 bailment, negligence, and negligence per se. (Doc. 1 at 7, 10-13.) According to the state 19 court complaint, Plaintiffs hired Hunt to ship electrical equipment known as an inverter 20 from Dateland, Arizona, to Phoenix. (Id. at 9.) The inverter was allegedly damaged on 21 December 9, 2013, when the truck that was carrying it attempted to drive under an 22 overpass that was too low to clear the inverter. (Id. at 9-10.) On April 17, 2015, Hunt 23 filed a Notice of Removal, asserting this court had subject matter jurisdiction under a 24 federal law known as the Carmack Amendment to the Interstate Commerce Act, which 25 regulates interstate carriers and freight brokers. (Id. at 2; see 49 U.S.C. § 14706.) 26 As relevant to Plaintiffs’ Motion, the Carmack Amendment applies only to the 27 transportation of goods “between a place in— (A) a State and a place in another State” or 28 “(B) a State and another place in the same State through another State.” 49 U.S.C. 1 §§ 13501, 14706; see also Farrah v. Monterey Transfer & Storage, Inc., 555 F. Supp. 2d 2 1066, 1068 (N.D. Cal. 2008) (“Whether transportation is interstate or intrastate under the 3 Interstate Commerce Act is determined by the essential character of the commerce, 4 manifested by the shipper’s fixed and persisting transportation intent at the time of the 5 shipment, and is ascertained from all of the facts and circumstances surrounding the 6 transportation. When goods are shipped entirely within a state, the Interstate Commerce 7 Act does not apply.” (citation and internal quotation marks omitted)). Plaintiffs therefore 8 move to remand on the grounds that the shipment in this case was intended to, and did, 9 occur entirely within the state of Arizona. They also request costs and attorneys’ fees 10 under 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c), which provides, “An order remanding the case may require 11 payment of just costs and any actual expenses, including attorney fees, incurred as a 12 result of the removal.” 13 Hunt does not object to the remand request, but it maintains attorneys’ fees are not 14 appropriate. “Absent unusual circumstances, courts may award attorney’s fees under 15 § 1447(c) only where the removing party lacked an objectively reasonable basis for 16 seeking removal. Conversely, when an objectively reasonable basis exists, fees should be 17 denied.” Martin v. Franklin Capital Corp., 546 U.S. 132, 141 (2005). In deciding 18 whether an objectively reasonable basis exists, courts may ask “whether the relevant case 19 law clearly foreclosed the defendant’s basis of removal.” See Lussier v. Dollar Tree 20 Stores, Inc., 518 F.3d 1062, 1066 (9th Cir. 2008). Here, there was no objectively 21 reasonable basis for removal. The bill of lading for Plaintiffs’ delivery clearly indicates 22 that the shipment was to begin and end in Arizona. (Doc. 28-1 at 2.) Hunt has not 23 produced any evidence that the trailer carrying the inverter passed through a different 24 state on its way from Dateland to Phoenix. Under clearly established law, federal subject 25 matter jurisdiction therefore did not exist. 26 Instead, Hunt asserts it had a reasonable basis for removal merely because it is a 27 federally licensed freight broker and because the bill of lading—apparently a form 28 contract used in many transactions—contains the following disclaimer near the bottom: -2- 1 “Liability limitation for loss or damage in this shipment may be applicable. See 49 USC 2 § 14706(c)(1)(A) and (B).” (Id.) The cited provisions discuss a carrier’s ability to limit 3 its liability for certain shipments governed by the Carmack Amendment. 49 U.S.C. 4 § 14706(c)(1). As explained above, the mere fact that an entity is licensed to carry goods 5 between states does not necessarily bring all its activity within the Carmack Amendment; 6 a particular shipment must actually be interstate for that Amendment to apply. And the 7 fine print on the bill of lading does not change the fact that, in this case, Hunt well knew 8 that its transportation of the inverter was entirely intrastate. 9 Hunt also opposes fees because it says Plaintiffs did not request a stipulation to 10 remand before filing their Motion. “Had they done so,” Hunt claims, “[Hunt] would have 11 agreed and the Motion to Remand would have become moot.” (Doc. 28 at 2.) It was 12 reasonable for Plaintiff to present the analysis and authorities against removal. Plaintiff 13 was entitled to assume Defendant had been diligent and serious about removal to the 14 court and that authorities would be necessary. 15 16 17 18 19 IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that Plaintiffs’ Motion to Remand (Doc. 22) is granted. The Clerk shall remand this case to the Superior Court for Maricopa County. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiffs may claim costs and attorneys’ fees pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 54(d) and Local Rule LRCiv 54.2. Dated this 22nd day of June, 2015. 20 21 Neil V. Wake United States District Judge 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 -3-

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