Dunbar v. Arizona Department of Corrections

Filing 3

ORDER Petitioner's "Writ of Habeas Corpus" (Doc. #1) is dismissed without prejudice, with leave to amend. Petitioner has 30 days from the date this Order is filed to file an amended petition. The Clerk of Court must enter a judgment of dismissal without prejudice of this action, without further notice to Petitioner, if Petitioner fails to submit an amended petition on the court-approved form within 30 days from the filing date of this Order. The Clerk of Court must send Petitioner the current court-approved form for filing a "Petition Under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 for Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in State Custody (Non-Death Penalty)." Special Prisoner Deadline due by 5/4/2009. Signed by Judge Stephen M McNamee on 4/2/09. (KMG)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 JDDL WO MDR IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA Forrest Dunbar, Petitioner, vs. Arizona Department of Corrections, Respondent. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. CV 09-8056-PCT-SMM (MEA) ORDER On March 30, 2009, Petitioner Forrest Dunbar filed a "Writ of Habeas Corpus" (Doc. #1). He has paid the filing fee. The Court will dismiss the Petition, without prejudice and with leave to amend. I. "Writ of Habeas Corpus" The Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts require a 2254 Petition to "substantially follow either the form appended to these rules or a form prescribed by a local district-court rule." Rule 2(d), Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases, foll. 28 U.S.C. 2254. Under this Court's local rule, Petitioner must use the court-approved form when he files a motion pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 2254. See LRCiv 3.5(a). Petitioner has not used the court-approved form. Although the Court may, in its discretion, forgo the requirement that a petitioner use a court-approved form, see Local Rule of Civil Procedure 3.5(a), the Court will require use of the court-approved form because Petitioner's Petition does not substantially comply with the court-approved form. 28 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 JDDL II. Leave to Amend Petitioner's "Writ of Habeas Corpus" will be dismissed. Within 30 days, Petitioner may submit a first amended petition to cure the deficiencies outlined above. The Clerk of Court will mail Petitioner a court-approved form to use for filing an amended petition. Petitioner is cautioned that if he fails to file his amended petition on the courtapproved form included with this Order, it will be stricken and the action dismissed without further notice to Petitioner. Petitioner is advised that the amended petition must be retyped or rewritten in its entirety on the court-approved form and may not incorporate any part of the original Petition by reference. Any amended petition submitted by Petitioner should be clearly designated as such on the face of the document. An amended petition supersedes the original petition. Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1262 (9th Cir. 1992); Hal Roach Studios v. Richard Feiner & Co., Inc., 896 F.2d 1542, 1546 (9th Cir. 1990). After amendment, the original pleading is treated as nonexistent. Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1262. Thus, grounds for relief alleged in an original petition which are not alleged in an amended petition are waived. King v. Atiyeh, 814 F.2d 565, 567 (9th Cir. 1987). Petitioner should take note that a prisoner must exhaust remedies available in the state courts before this Court may grant habeas relief to a state prisoner. 28 U.S.C. 2254(b)(1); O'Sullivan v. Boerckel, 526 U.S. 838, 842 (1999). The federal court will not entertain a petition for writ of habeas corpus unless each and every issue has been exhausted. Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 522 (1982). The failure to exhaust subjects the Petitioner to dismissal. See Gutierrez v. Griggs, 695 F.2d 1195, 1197 (9th Cir. 1983). Although Petitioner's custodial status is not entirely clear from his "Writ of Habeas Corpus," Petitioner should also take note that a petitioner for habeas corpus relief under 28 U.S. 2254 must name the state officer having custody of him as the respondent to the petition. Belgarde v. Montana, 123 F.3d 1210, 1212 (9th Cir. 1997). "Failure to name the petitioner's custodian as a respondent deprives federal courts of personal jurisdiction." -2- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 JDDL Stanley v. Cal. Supreme Court, 21 F.3d 359, 360 (9th Cir. 1994). Typically, a petitioner's custodian is the warden of the institution where the petitioner is incarcerated. However, where the petitioner is on probation or parole, the proper respondent is his probation or parole officer and "the official in charge of the parole or probation agency, or the state correctional agency, as appropriate." Rule 2(b), Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts, Advisory Comm. Notes (1976); see also Ortiz-Sandoval v. Gomez, 81 F.3d 891, 894 (9th Cir. 1996). III. Warnings A. Address Changes Petitioner must file and serve a notice of a change of address in accordance with Rule 83.3(d) of the Local Rules of Civil Procedure. Petitioner must not include a motion for other relief with a notice of change of address. Failure to comply may result in dismissal of this action. B. Copies Petitioner must serve Respondent, or counsel if an appearance has been entered, a copy of every document that he files. Fed. R. Civ. P. 5(a). Each filing must include a certificate stating that a copy of the filing was served. Fed. R. Civ. P. 5(d). Also, Petitioner must submit an additional copy of every filing for use by the Court. LRCiv 5.4. Failure to comply may result in the filing being stricken without further notice to Petitioner. C. Possible Dismissal If Petitioner fails to timely comply with every provision of this Order, including these warnings, the Court may dismiss this action without further notice. See Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260-61 (a district court may dismiss an action for failure to comply with any order of the Court). IT IS ORDERED: (1) Petitioner's "Writ of Habeas Corpus" (Doc. #1) is dismissed without prejudice, with leave to amend. Petitioner has 30 days from the date this Order is filed to file an amended petition. -3- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 JDDL (2) The Clerk of Court must enter a judgment of dismissal without prejudice of this action, without further notice to Petitioner, if Petitioner fails to submit an amended petition on the court-approved form within 30 days from the filing date of this Order. (3) The Clerk of Court must send Petitioner the current court-approved form for filing a "Petition Under 28 U.S.C. 2254 for Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in State Custody (Non-Death Penalty)." DATED this 2nd day of April, 2009. -4- Instructions for Filing a Petition Under 28 U.S.C. 2254 for a Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in State Custody in the United States District Court for the District of Arizona 1. Who May Use This Form. To use this form, you must be a person who is currently serving a sentence under a judgment against you in a state court. You are asking for relief from the conviction or the sentence on the grounds that your conviction or sentence violates the United States Constitution or other federal law. You also may use this form to challenge a state judgment that imposed a sentence to be served in the future, but you must fill in the name of the state where the judgment was entered. If you want to challenge a federal conviction or sentence, you should file a motion under 28 U.S.C. 2255 to vacate sentence in the federal court that entered the judgment. This form should not be used in death penalty cases. If you were sentenced to death, you are entitled to the assistance of counsel and you should request the appointment of counsel. 2. The Form. Local Rule of Civil Procedure (LRCiv) 3.5(a) provides that habeas corpus petitions must be filed on the court-approved form. The form must be typed or neatly handwritten. All questions must be answered clearly and concisely in the appropriate space on the form. If needed, you may attach additional pages. The form, however, must be completely filled in to the extent applicable. You do not need to cite law. If you want to file a brief or arguments, you must attach a separate memorandum. 3. Your Signature. You must tell the truth and sign the form. If you make a false statement of a material fact, you may be prosecuted for perjury. 4. The Filing Fee. The filing fee for this action is $5.00. If you are unable to pay the filing fee, you may request permission to proceed in forma pauperis by completing and signing the Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis provided with the petition form. You must have an official at the prison or jail complete the certificate at the bottom of the application form. If the amount of money in your account exceeds $25.00, you must pay the $5.00 filing fee. LRCiv 3.5(b). 5. Original and Judge's Copy. You must send an original plus one copy of your petition and of any other document submitted to the Court. You must send one additional copy to the Court if you wish to have a file-stamped copy of the document returned to you. All copies must be identical to the original. Copies may be legibly handwritten. 6. Where to File. You should file your petition in the division where you were convicted. See LRCiv 5.1(b). If you are challenging a judgment of conviction entered in Maricopa, Pinal, Yuma, La Paz, or Gila County, file your petition in the Phoenix Division. If you are challenging a judgment of conviction entered in Apache, Navajo, Coconino, Mohave, or Yavapai County, file your petition in the Prescott Division. If you are challenging a judgment of conviction entered in Pima, Cochise, Santa Cruz, Graham, or Greenlee County, file your petition in the Tucson Division. See LRCiv 5.1(b) and 77.1(a). Revised 3/9/07 1 Mail the original and one copy of your petition with the $5.00 filing fee or the application to proceed in forma pauperis to: Phoenix & Prescott Divisions: OR U.S. District Court Clerk U.S. Courthouse, Suite 130 401 West Washington Street, SPC 10 Phoenix, Arizona 85003-2119 Tucson Division: U.S. District Court Clerk U.S. Courthouse, Suite 1500 405 West Congress Street Tucson, Arizona 85701-5010 7. Change of Address. You must immediately notify the Court and respondents in writing of any change in your mailing address. Failure to notify the Court of any change in your mailing address may result in the dismissal of your case. 8. Certificate of Service. You must provide the respondents with a copy of any document you submit to the Court (except the initial petition and application to proceed in forma pauperis). Each original document (except the initial petition and application to proceed in forma pauperis) must include a certificate of service on the last page of the document stating the date a copy of the document was mailed to the respondents and the address to which it was mailed. Fed. R. Civ. P. 5(a), (d). Any document received by the Court that does not include a certificate of service may be stricken. A certificate of service should be in the following form: I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was mailed (month, day, year) to: this Name: Address: Attorney for Respondent(s) (Signature) 9. Amended Petition. If you need to change any of the information in the initial petition, you must file an amended petition. The amended petition must be written on the court-approved form. You may file one amended petition without leave (permission) of Court before any respondent has answered your original petition. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a). After any respondent has filed an answer, you must file a motion for leave to amend and lodge (submit) a proposed amended petition. LRCiv 15.1. An amended petition may not incorporate by reference any part of your prior petition. LRCiv 15.1(a)(2). Any grounds not included in the amended petition are considered dismissed. 10. Exhibits. If available, you should attach a copy of all state and federal court written decisions regarding the conviction you are challenging. Do not submit any other exhibits with the petition. Instead, you should paraphrase the relevant information in the petition. 11. Letters and Motions. It is generally inappropriate to write a letter to any judge or the staff of any judge. The only appropriate way to communicate with the Court is by filing a written pleading or motion. 2 12. Warnings. a. Judgment Entered by a Single Court. You may challenge the judgment entered by only one court. Multiple counts which resulted in a judgment by the same court may be challenged in the same petition. If you wish to challenge judgments entered by more than one court, however, you must file separate petitions for each judgment. b. Grounds for Relief. You must raise all grounds for relief that relate to this conviction or sentence. Any grounds not raised in this petition will likely be barred from being raised in any subsequent federal action. c. Exhaustion. In order to proceed in federal court, you ordinarily must exhaust the remedies available to you in the state courts as to each claim on which you request action by the federal court. If you did not fairly present each of your grounds to the Arizona Court of Appeals, your petition may be dismissed. If you did not present one or more of your grounds to the Arizona Court of Appeals, explain why you did not. FINAL NOTE You should follow these instructions carefully. Failure to do so may result in your petition being stricken or dismissed by the Court. All questions must be answered concisely in the proper space on the form. If you need more space, you may attach additional pages. But the form must be completely filled in to the extent applicable. If you attach additional pages, be sure to identify which section of the petition is being continued and number all pages. 3 Name and Prisoner/Booking Number Place of Confinement Mailing Address City, State, Zip Code (Failure to notify the Court of your change of address may result in dismissal of this action.) IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA (Full Name of Petitioner) Petitioner, vs. (Name of the Director of the Department of Corrections, Jailor or authorized person having custody of Petitioner) Respondent, and The Attorney General of the State of Additional Respondent. ,) ) ) ) ) CASE NO. ) (To be supplied by the Clerk) ,) ) ) ) PETITION UNDER 28 U.S.C. 2254 ) FOR A WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS ) BY A PERSON IN STATE CUSTODY ) (NON-DEATH PENALTY) ,) ) ) ) PETITION 1. (a) Name and location of court that entered the judgment of conviction you are challenging: (b) Criminal docket or case number: 2. Date of judgment of conviction: 3. In this case, were you convicted on more than one count or crime? Yes G No G Revised 3/9/07 1 530 4. Identify all counts and crimes for which you were convicted and sentenced in this case: 5. Length of sentence for each count or crime for which you were convicted in this case: 6. (a) What was your plea? Not guilty Guilty Nolo contendere (no contest) G G G (b) If you entered a guilty plea to one count or charge, and a not guilty plea to another count or charge, give details: (c) If you went to trial, what kind of trial did you have? (Check one) 7. Did you testify at the trial? Yes G No G J ury G Judge only G 8. Did you file a direct appeal to the Arizona Court of Appeals from the judgment of conviction? No G Yes G If yes, answer the following: (a) Date you filed: (b) Docket or case number: (c) Result: (d) Date of result: (e) Grounds raised: Attach, if available, a copy of any brief filed on your behalf and a copy of the decision by the court. 2 9. Did you appeal to the Arizona Supreme Court? If yes, answer the following: (a) Date you filed: (b) Docket or case number: (c) Result: (d) Date of result: (e) Grounds raised: Yes G No G Attach, if available, a copy of any brief filed on your behalf and a copy of the decision by the court. 10. Did you file a petition for certiorari in the United States Supreme Court? Yes G If yes, answer the following: (a) Date you filed: (b) Docket or case number: (c) Result: (d) Date of result: (e) Grounds raised: No G Attach, if available, a copy of any brief filed on your behalf and a copy of the decision by the court. 11. Other than the direct appeals listed above, have you filed any other petitions, applications or motions No G concerning this judgment of conviction in any state court? Yes G If yes, answer the following: 3 (a) First Petition. (1) Date you filed: (2) Name of court: (3) Nature of the proceeding (Rule 32, special action or habeas corpus): (4) Docket or case number: (5) Result: (6) Date of result: (7) Grounds raised: Attach, if available, a copy of any brief filed on your behalf and a copy of the decision by the court. (b) Second Petition. (1) Date you filed: (2) Name of court: (3) Nature of the proceeding (Rule 32, special action or habeas corpus): (4) Docket or case number: (5) Result: (6) Date of result: (7) Grounds raised: Attach, if available, a copy of any brief filed on your behalf and a copy of the decision by the court. 4 (c) Third Petition. (1) Date you filed: (2) Name of court: (3) Nature of the proceeding (Rule 32, special action or habeas corpus): (4) Docket or case number: (5) Result: (6) Date of result: (7) Grounds raised: Attach, if available, a copy of any brief filed on your behalf and a copy of the decision by the court. (d) Did you appeal the action taken on your petition, application, or motion to the: Arizona Court of Appeals: Arizona Supreme Court: (1) First petition: Yes G No G No G No G Yes G Yes G Yes G No G No G No G (2) Second petition: Yes G (3) Third petition Yes G (e) If you did not appeal to the Arizona Court of Appeals, explain why you did not: 12. For this petition, state every ground on which you claim that you are being held in violation of the Constitution, laws, or treaties of the United States. Attach additional pages if you have more than four grounds. State the facts supporting each ground. CAUTION: To proceed in the federal court, you must ordinarily first exhaust (use up) your available statecourt remedies on each ground on which you request action by the federal court. Also, if you fail to set forth all the grounds in this petition, you may be barred from presenting additional grounds at a later date. 5 GROUND ONE: (a) Supporting FACTS (Do not argue or cite law. Just state the specific facts that support your claim.): (b) Did you present the issue raised in Ground One to the Arizona Court of Appeals? Yes G (c) If yes, did you present the issue in a: Direct appeal G First petition G Second petition G Third petition G (d) If you did not present the issue in Ground One to the Arizona Court of Appeals, explain why: No G (e) Did you present the issue raised in Ground One to the Arizona Supreme Court? Yes G 6 No G GROUND TWO: (a) Supporting FACTS (Do not argue or cite law. Just state the specific facts that support your claim.): (b) Did you present the issue raised in Ground Two to the Arizona Court of Appeals? Yes G (c) If yes, did you present the issue in a: Direct appeal G First petition G Second petition G Third petition G (d) If you did not present the issue in Ground Two to the Arizona Court of Appeals, explain why: No G (e) Did you present the issue raised in Ground Two to the Arizona Supreme Court? Yes G 7 No G GROUND THREE: (a) Supporting FACTS (Do not argue or cite law. Just state the specific facts that support your claim.): (b) Did you present the issue raised in Ground Three to the Arizona Court of Appeals? Yes G (c) If yes, did you present the issue in a: Direct appeal G First petition G Second petition G Third petition G No G (d) If you did not present the issue in Ground Three to the Arizona Court of Appeals, explain why: (e) Did you present the issue raised in Ground Three to the Arizona Supreme Court? Yes G 8 No G GROUND FOUR: (a) Supporting FACTS (Do not argue or cite law. Just state the specific facts that support your claim.): (b) Did you present the issue raised in Ground Four to the Arizona Court of Appeals? Yes G (c) If yes, did you present the issue in a: Direct appeal G First petition G Second petition G Third petition G No G (d) If you did not present the issue in Ground Four to the Arizona Court of Appeals, explain why: (e) Did you present the issue raised in Ground Four to the Arizona Supreme Court? Yes G 9 No G Please answer these additional questions about this petition: 13. Have you previously filed any type of petition, application or motion in a federal court regarding the conviction that you challenge in this petition? Yes G No G If yes, give the date of filing, the name and location of the court, the docket or case number, the type of proceeding, the issues raised, the date of the court's decision, and the result for each petition, application, or motion filed. Attach a copy of any court opinion or order, if available: 14. Do you have any petition or appeal now pending (filed and not decided yet) in any court, either state or No G federal, as to the judgment you are challenging? Yes G If yes, give the date of filing, the name and location of the court, the docket or case number, the type of proceeding, and the issues raised: 15. Do you have any future sentence to serve after you complete the sentence imposed by the judgment you are challenging? Yes G No G If yes, answer the following: (a) Name and location of the court that imposed the sentence to be served in the future: (b) Date that the other sentence was imposed: (c) Length of the other sentence: (d) Have you filed, or do you plan to file, any petition challenging the judgment or sentence to be served in the future? Yes G No G 10 16. TIMELINESS OF PETITION: If your judgment of conviction became final more than one year ago, you must explain why the one-year statute of limitations in 28 U.S.C. 2244(d) does not bar your petition.* *Section 2244(d) provides in part that: (1) A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to an application for a writ of habeas corpus by a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court. The limitation period shall run from the latest of(A) the date on which the judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for seeking such review; (B) the date on which the impediment to filing an application created by State action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the applicant was prevented from filing by such State action; (C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or (D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence. (2) The time during which a properly filed application for State post-conviction or other collateral review with respect to the pertinent judgment or claim is pending shall not be counted toward any period of limitation under this subsection. 17. Petitioner asks that the Court grant the following relief: or any other relief to which Petitioner may be entitled. (Money damages are not available in habeas corpus cases.) I declare under penalty of perjury that the foregoing is true and correct and that this Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus was placed in the prison mailing system on (month, day, year). Signature of Petitioner Signature of attorney, if any 11 Date

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