Gooden v. Pima County Jail et al

Filing 31

ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION: It is Ordered that the 29 Report and Recommendation is ADOPTED. It is further Ordered that the Pro Se Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus Under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 (Doc. 13 ) is DISMISSED without prejudice. Signed by Judge Cindy K Jorgenson on 12/5/2014. (MFR)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA 8 9 Dennis Shamar Gooden, Petitioner, 10 11 ORDER v. 12 No. CV-13-00909-TUC-CKJ Pima County Jail, et al., 13 Defendants. 14 15 16 On October 8, 2014, Magistrate Judge Bernardo P. Velasco issued a Report and 17 Recommendation (Doc. 29) in which he recommended that the Pro Se Petition for Writ 18 of Habeas Corpus Under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 be dismissed without prejudice to Petitioner 19 filing a Petition and action after he has exhausted his state court remedies. The Report 20 and Recommendation notified the parties that they had fourteen days to file any 21 objections. No objections have been filed. 22 The Court has reviewed and considered the Pro Se Petition for Writ of Habeas 23 Corpus Under 28 U.S.C. § 2254; the Answer to the Petition, with exhibits; the Reply and 24 exhibits; and the Report and Recommendation. 25 26 27 28 The Court has also reviewed the Pima County Superior Court file for case number CR20052741. As noted in the Report and Recommendation, on June 27, 2013, Petitioner, acting on his own behalf, filed a “Post Conviction Relief Rule 32” in Pima County Superior Court. That petition has not been ruled on. In addition, on January 6, 1 2014, Petitioner filed in state court a Second Amended Petition for a Writ of Habeas 2 Corpus by a Person in State Custody. 3 Court record, it is actually a federal form and is designated as a “Petition Under 28 4 U.S.C. § 2254.” In fact, it is the same document that was filed with this Court on 5 December 18, 2013. (Docs. 12, 13.) 6 Court. Although the petition was docketed in the State The petition has not been ruled on by the State 7 The Report and Recommendation considered whether “inordinate delay” should 8 excuse the exhaustion requirement in this case, or shift the burden to the state to 9 demonstrate why exhaustion should still be required. See Coe v. Thurman, 922 F.2d 528, 10 530-33 (9th Cir. 1990). However, it appears to have considered delay only as to the 11 Second Amended Petition; the petition filed in June 2013 has also not been ruled on. 12 (Doc. 29 at 5.) 13 As the Report and Recommendation states, if “there is either an absence of 14 available State corrective process or the existence of circumstances rendering such 15 process ineffective to protect the rights of the prisoner,” exhaustion is not required. 28 16 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1)(B). Excessive delay in the appellate process may render a state 17 corrective process ineffective and thus waive the requirement for exhaustion of remedies 18 at the state level. Coe, 922 F.2d at 530–531. The Report and Recommendation observes 19 that Petitioner did not allege that the State had unduly delayed disposition of his appeal 20 and thus the exhaustion requirement should be excused; in fact he asserts that he has 21 essentially abandoned his state court proceedings by not filing anything in the state 22 appellate courts. (Doc. 29 at 5.) Moreover, he filed no objections to the Report and 23 Recommendation. 24 The Ninth Circuit has stated that there is “no talismanic number of years or 25 months” constituting unacceptable delay. Coe, 922 F.2d at 531. The court found a four- 26 year delay to be “alarming,” Coe, id., but it has also observed that a two-year delay is not 27 “extreme.” Hamilton v. Calderon, 134 F.3d 938, 939 (9th Cir. 2008). This Court finds 28 that a seventeen-month delay is not unusual or unacceptable and does not meet the -2- 1 threshold requirement of establishing undue delay. See Barker v. Wingo, 407 U.S.514, 2 530 (1972) (“Until there is some delay which is presumptively prejudicial, there is no 3 necessity for inquiry into the other factors that go into the balance.”). 4 Petitioner was released from custody in June 2014. (Doc. 28.) Moreover, 5 Accordingly, after an independent review, IT IS ORDERED: 6 1. The Report and Recommendation (Doc. 29) is ADOPTED; 7 2. The Pro Se Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus Under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 8 9 (Doc. 13) is DISMISSED without prejudice. Dated this 5th day of December, 2014. 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 -3-

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