Gividen v. Fochesatto et al

Filing 8

REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION: The Magistrate Judge recommends that the District Judge enter an order GRANTING Plaintiff's Application to Proceed in District Court Without Prepaying Fees or Costs (Doc. 2 ); and DISMISSING Plaintiff's Complaint (Doc. 1 ) WITH LEAVE TO AMEND. Any party may serve and file written objections within fourteen days after being served with a copy of this Report and Recommendation. A party may respond to another party's objections within fourteen days after being served with a copy. Signed by Magistrate Judge Bruce G Macdonald on 5/15/2017. (See attached pdf for complete details) (DPS)

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1 WO 2 3 4 5 6 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA 8 9 JoAn Ada Gividen, Plaintiff, 10 11 12 No. CV-17-00118-TUC-JGZ (BGM) REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION v. Dr. Luciano Fochesatto, M.D., et al. Defendants. 13 14 On March 15, 2017, Plaintiff JoAn Ada Gividen, filed a pro se Complaint (Doc. 1) 15 16 alleging “medical malpractice, deliberate, malicious, diceitful [sic] imprisonment[,] [and] 17 intentionally inflected emotional distress.” 18 Compl. (Doc. 1) Plaintiff did not immediately pay the $350.00 civil action filing fee, but filed an Application to Proceed in 19 20 District Court Without Prepaying Fees or Costs (Doc. 2). Pursuant to Rules 72.1 and 72.2 of the Local Rules of Civil Procedure,1 this matter 21 22 was referred to Magistrate Judge Macdonald for Report and Recommendation. The 23 24 Magistrate Judge recommends that the District Judge grant Plaintiff’s IFP application and 25 dismiss her Complaint (Doc. 1) with leave to amend. 26 ... 27 28 1 Rules of Practice of the United States District Court for the District of Arizona. 1 I. 2 APPLICATION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS The Court may allow a plaintiff to proceed without prepayment of fees when it is 3 4 5 6 shown by affidavit that she “is unable to pay such fees[.]” 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1). Plaintiff’s statement, made under penalty of perjury, establishes that Plaintiff is unemployed, and she receives disability payments and food stamps. The statement also 7 8 9 10 indicates that Plaintiff has no assets. The Court finds Plaintiff is unable to pay the fees. The Application to Proceed in District Court Without Prepaying Fees or Costs (Doc. 2) should be granted. 11 12 13 14 15 II. STATUTORY SCREENING OF PLAINTIFF’S COMPLAINT This Court is required to dismiss a case if the Court determines that the allegation of poverty is untrue, 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(A), or if the Court determines that the action 16 17 18 19 “(i) is frivolous or malicious; (ii) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or (iii) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief.” 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). 20 21 A pleading must contain a “short and plain statement of the claim showing that the 22 pleader is entitled to relief[.]” Rule 8(a), Fed. R. Civ. P. While Rule 8 does not demand 23 detailed factual allegations, “it demands more than an unadorned, the-defendant- 24 25 unlawfully-harmed-me accusation.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 26 1949, 173 L.Ed.2d 868 (2009). “Threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, 27 supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice.” Id. Where the pleader is pro 28 se, however, the pleading should be liberally construed in the interests of justice. -2- 1 2 Johnson v. Reagan, 524 F.2d 1123, 1124 (9th Cir. 1975); see also Hebbe v. Pliler, 627 F.3d 338, 342 (9th Cir. 2010). Nonetheless, a complaint must set forth a set of facts that 3 4 5 6 serves to put defendants on notice as to the nature and basis of the claim(s). See Brazil v. U.S. Dept. of Navy, 66 F.3d 193, 199 (9th Cir. 1995). A “complaint [filed by a pro se plaintiff] ‘must be held to less stringent standards 7 8 than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers.’” Hebbe, 627 F.3d at 342 (quoting Erickson v. 9 Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007) (per curiam)). “Rule 8(a)’s simplified pleading standard 10 applies to all civil actions, with limited exceptions.” Swierkiewicz v. Sorema N.A., 534 11 12 U.S. 506, 513, 122 S.Ct. 992, 998, 152 L.Ed.2d 1 (2002). “Given the Federal Rules’ 13 simplified standard for pleading, ‘[a] court may dismiss a complaint only if it is clear that 14 no relief could be granted under any set of facts that could be proved consistent with the 15 allegations.’” Id. at 514, 122 S.Ct. at 998 (quoting Hison v. King & Spaulding, 467 U.S. 16 17 18 19 69, 73, 104 S.Ct. 2229, 81 L.Ed.2d 59 (1984)) (alterations in original); see also Johnson, et al. v. City of Shelby, Mississippi, — U.S. —, 135 S.Ct. 346, 346 (2014) (“Federal pleading rules call for ‘a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader 20 21 22 23 24 25 is entitled to relief,’ Fed. Rule Civ. Proc. 8(a)(2); they do not countenance dismissal of a complaint for imperfect statement of the legal theory supporting the claim asserted”). If the Court determines that a pleading could be cured by the allegation of other facts, a pro se litigant is entitled to an opportunity to amend a complaint before dismissal 26 of the action. See Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1127-29 (9th Cir. 2000) (en banc). The 27 Court should not, however, advise the litigant how to cure the defects. This type of 28 advice “would undermine district judges’ role as impartial decisionmakers.” Pliler v. -3- 1 2 Ford, 542 U.S. 225, 231 (2004); see also Lopez, 203 F.3d at 1131 n.13 (declining to decide whether the court was required to inform a litigant of deficiencies). 3 4 5 III. 6 COMPLAINT Plaintiff’s Complaint alleges that “Dr. Fochesatto, caused plaintiff A-fib and 7 8 permanent lung damage in a very nasty hospital in Douglas AZ [sic] that has been closed 9 for being nasty by the health department.” Compl. (Doc. 1) at 2. Plaintiff seeks “one 10 billion dollars cash within thirty (30) days because they have shortened Plaintiffs [sic] 11 12 very life.” Id. at 2. 13 14 15 IV. FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM A. Insufficient Factual Basis 16 17 18 19 Plaintiff’s Complaint (Doc. 1) does not contain any facts beyond mere allegations that she suffered an injury. Such “the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me” accusations are insufficient to state a claim under Rule 8, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Ashcroft v. 20 21 Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949, 173 L.Ed.2d 868 (2009). Additionally, 22 Plaintiff’s vague allegations are directed only at Dr. Fochesatto. See Compl. (Doc. 1). 23 The Complaint (Doc. 1) is devoid of any allegations of wrongdoing as to the other named 24 25 defendants. As such, Plaintiff’s Complaint (Doc. 1) fails to provide sufficient detail to 26 put defendants on notice as to the nature and basis of her claims. See Brazil v. U.S. Dept. 27 of Navy, 66 F.3d 193, 199 (9th Cir. 1995). Accordingly, Plaintiff’s Complaint (Doc. 1) 28 should be dismissed with leave to amend. -4- 1 2 V. WARNINGS 3 4 5 6 A. Motions to dismiss A motion pursuant to Rule 12(b), Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, is discouraged if the defect can be cured by filing an amended pleading. Therefore, prior to filing a 7 8 motion to dismiss, Defendants shall notify Plaintiff of Defendants’ intent to file a motion 9 to dismiss and provide Plaintiff with at least 5 business days in which to cure alleged 10 defects in the Complaint by amendment. The duty to provide this notification also 11 12 applies to parties appearing pro se. Consequently, motions to dismiss must be 13 accompanied by a certification indicating that Defendants have provided Plaintiff with 14 the required notice and that Plaintiff has failed timely to respond to the notice or elected 15 not to amend the Complaint. In addition, parties shall endeavor not to oppose motions to 16 17 18 19 amend that are filed prior to the Scheduling Conference or within the time set forth in the Rule 16 Case Management Order. Motions to dismiss that do not contain the required certification are subject to be stricken on the Court’s motion. 20 21 B. Rules of Court 22 Plaintiff shall familiarize herself with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and 23 Local Rules for the District of Arizona, both of which can be found on the Court’s web 24 25 site at Plaintiff is advised that a Handbook for Self-Represented 26 Litigants is available on the Court’s website at: 27 self-represented-litigants. In addition, Step Up to Justice offers a free, advice-only clinic 28 for self-represented civil litigants on Thursdays from 1:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. If Plaintiff -5- 1 2 wishes to schedule a clinic appointment, she should contact the courthouse librarian, Mary Ann O’Neil, at MaryAnn_O’ 3 4 5 6 C. Amended Complaints An amended complaint supersedes the original Complaint. Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1262 (9th Cir. 1992); Hal Roach Studios v. Richard Feiner & Co., Inc., 7 8 896 F.2d 1542, 1546 (9th Cir. 1990). After amendment, the original Complaint is treated 9 as nonexistent. Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1262. Thus, grounds for relief alleged in the original 10 Petition that are not alleged in an amended petition are waived. King v. Atiyeh, 814 F.2d 11 12 565, 567 (9th Cir. 1987). 13 D. 14 Plaintiff must file and serve a notice of a change of address in accordance with 15 Address Changes Rule 83.3(d) of the Local Rules of Civil Procedure. Plaintiff must not include a motion 16 17 18 19 for other relief with a notice of change of address. Failure to comply may result in dismissal of this action. E. Copies 20 21 Plaintiff must submit an additional copy of every filing for use by the Court. See 22 LRCiv. 5.4. Failure to comply may result in the filing being stricken without further 23 notice to Plaintiff. 24 25 F. Possible Dismissal 26 If Plaintiff fails to timely comply with every provision of this Order, including 27 these warnings, the Court may dismiss this action without further notice. See Ferdik v. 28 Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992) (a district court may dismiss an action -6- 1 for failure to comply with any order of the Court). 2 3 4 5 6 VI. RECOMMENDATION For the reasons delineated above, the Magistrate Judge recommends that the District Judge enter an order: 7 8 9 10 11 12 (1) GRANTING Plaintiff’s Application to Proceed in District Court Without Prepaying Fees or Costs (Doc. 2); and (2) DISMISSING Plaintiff’s Complaint (Doc. 1) WITH LEAVE TO AMEND. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Rule 72(b)(2) of the Federal Rules of Civil 13 Procedure, any party may serve and file written objections within fourteen (14) days after 14 being served with a copy of this Report and Recommendation. A party may respond to 15 another party’s objections within fourteen (14) days after being served with a copy. Fed. 16 17 18 19 R. Civ. P. 72(b)(2). No replies shall be filed unless leave is granted from the District Court. If objections are filed, the parties should use the following case number: CV-170118-TUC-JGZ. 20 21 Failure to file timely objections to any factual or legal determination of the 22 Magistrate Judge may result in waiver of the right of review. The Clerk of the Court 23 shall send a copy of this Report and Recommendation to all parties. 24 25 Dated this 15th day of May, 2017. 26 27 28 Honorable Bruce G. Macdonald United States Magistrate Judge -7-

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