Stringfellow et al v. Federal National Mortgage Association et al
ORDER granting 32 Motion to Dismiss. Signed by Judge D. P. Marshall Jr. on 1/9/2014. (jak)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
DONNIE W. STRINGFELLOW, II and
SANDRA A. STRINGFELLOW
FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSN.
("FANNIE MAE") and JPMORGAN
CHASE BANK, N.A.
After a series of statutory foreclosure actions against their home in
Heber Springs, the Stringfellows filed a Chapter 13 bankruptcy petition in
2006 to stop foreclosure. The underlying bankruptcy proceeding continues.
Case No. 1:06-bk-11190 (E.D. Ark.). On Fannie Mae's motion, the Court
withdrew the reference in this adversary proceeding. At issue here is the
Stringfellows' note and mortgage on their property. Fannie Mae says it owns
both; JPMorgan Chase- Washington Mutual's successor in interest- services
the loan. The Stringfellows allege that the proof of claim on the note behind
their mortgage is invalid. Fannie Mae and JPMorgan are, the Stringfellows
continue, not the proper parties to enforce these obligations. They also allege
that Fannie Mae broke seven covenants of the mortgage. The Stringfellows
seek a declaration that the proof of claim is invalid, reconsideration of the
claim in any event under 11 U.S.C. § 502fj), damages and attorney's fees for
breach of the mortgage covenants, and an accounting. JPMorgan Chase and
Fannie Mae move to dismiss. The Court accepts the pleaded facts as true.
Gallagher v. City of Clayton, 699 F.3d 1013, 1016 (8th Cir. 2012).
1. The Proof of Claim's Validity. The Stringfellows argue that
Washington Mutual did not have the right to enforce the note when the
Stringfellows filed for bankruptcy in 2006. Washington Mutual's proof of
claim, they say, didn't include a copy of the note, or any other document
showing a proper transfer of the note with the mortgage. They argue that
these gaps undermine Fannie Mae's and JPMorgan' s right to proceed against
them and their property.
Defendants submitted exhibits, later withdrawn, NQ 50, which may fill
But that is of no moment, because the Bankruptcy Court's
confirmation order renders the plan res judicata, and the Stringfellows cannot
now collaterally attack its terms. 11 U.S.C. § 1327; In re Russell, 386 B.R. 229,
231 (B.A.P. 8th Cir. 2008).
The binding effect of a confirmed [c]hapter 13
plan is a basic tenet of bankruptcy law." In re Russell, 386 B.R. at 231.
Washington Mutual filed its proof of claim in April2006. The Bankruptcy
Court did not originally confirm the plan until a year later in A pril2007. The
Stringfellows had ample opportunity to object to the proof of claim before
confirmation. They did not do so.
In deciding whether to accord the confirmation order preclusive effect,
the Court has considered the undisputed circumstances. The Stringfellows
listed Washington Mutual as a secured creditor in their bankruptcy petition.
Case No. 1:06-bk-11190, NQ 1 at 11. They timely objected to another bank
creditor's proof of claim, Case No. 1:06-bk-11190, NQ 46, but not to the one at
issue here. The Stringfellows amended their proposed plan twice in 2006,
making changes to the amount they paid Washington Mutual each month.
61-63. When seeking these changes, they never objected to the
proof of claim's validity. Their plan was again modified and confirmed in
2009 without objection.
Case No. 1:06-bk-11190, NQ 65 & 69.
Stringfellows had concerns about Washington Mutual's proof of claim, they
could have, and should have, objected before the plan was originally
confirmed in 2007, or when it was changed. The Stringfellows instead made
more than $40,000.00 in monthly mortgage payments under their confirmed
plan to Washington Mutual and JPMorgan.
The Stringfellows similarly argue that Fannie Mae and JPMorgan do not
have standing to enforce the note and mortgage. But the confirmed plan is res
judicata; the proof of claim is prima facie proof of Fannie Mae's and JPMorgan' s
right to enforce the note and mortgage. The Court therefore rejects the
Stringfellows' standing argument.
2. Reconsideration. The Stringfellows ask the Court to reconsider the
proof of claim based on its alleged deficiencies and Fannie Mae's alleged
violation of the Arkansas Statutory Foreclosure Act. A court may reconsider
a claim for cause and according to the equities of the case. 11 U.S.C. § 5020).
The Court has considered (i) the extent and reasonableness of the
Stringfellows' delay, (ii) the prejudice to Fannie Mae and JPMorgan, (iii) the
effect on efficient court administration, and (iv) the Stringfellows' good faith.
In re Kirwan, 164 F.3d 1175, 1177-78 (8th Cir. 1999); In re Smith, 290 B.R. 102,
106-07 (Bankr. E.D. Ark. 2003). No cause exists to reconsider the claim. The
Stringfellows waited five years after confirmation to object, and have not
offered a good reason for their delay. Invalidating the proof of claim now
would undo years of time and resources spent in the underlying bankruptcy
action. It would also prejudice JPMorgan and Fannie Mae, who have relied
on the claim's validity. Again, the Stringfellows had many opportunities to
challenge the proof of claim and repeatedly stood silent.
A note about the Arkansas Statutory Foreclosure Act. The Court of
Appeals recently held that registration with a state entity is not the only way
a company may be authorized to do business in Arkansas for purposes of the
Act. JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. v. Johnson, 719 F.3d 1010, 1017 (8th Cir. 2013).
JPMorgan Chase is authorized to do business here under the National
Banking Act. Johnson, 719 F.3d at 1018. Fannie Mae is likewise authorized by
federallaw. 12 U.S.C. § 1723(a). TheCourtthereforerejects theStringfellows'
argument that Fannie Mae violated the Arkansas Statutory Foreclosure Act.
3. Breach-of-Contract Claims. The Stringfellows allege that Fannie
Mae broke seven covenants of the mortgage. Under Arkansas law, the
Stringfellows had five years after accrual to bring these contract claims. ARK.
CODE ANN. § 16-56-111; Ray & Sons Masonry Contractors, Inc. v. U.S. Fidelity &
Guaranty Co., 353 Ark. 201, 216, 114 S.W.3d 189, 198 (2003). Five of their
claims arose before 2007. They were therefore time barred in 2012 when the
Stringfellows filed this case. The two remaining claims- failing to properly
apply trustee payments, and charging and collecting unauthorized
foreclosure fees and costs-may be timely. But these claims fail for several
reasons to state a claim.
First, the mortgage authorizes collection of
foreclosure-related expenses. NQ 11-3
21. Second, having broken the
parties' contract first by not making their payments, the Stringfellows are in
no position to demand performance by Fannie Mae. Stocker v. Hall, 269 Ark.
468, 472, 602 S.W.2d 662, 664-65 (1980); see also TXO Production Corp. v. Page
Farms, Inc., 287 Ark. 304,307, 698 S.W.2d 791, 793 (1985). The Stringfellows
still have not fully satisfied their obligation. The Chapter 13 trustee recently
moved to dismiss the underlying bankruptcy action because the Stringfellows
are "in material default with respect to the terms of the confirmed plan[.]"
Case No. 1:06-bk-11190, NQ 111. Third, the application-of-payments issue is
better sorted by the Bankruptcy Court to the extent any real dispute exists.
For these reasons, the Stringfellows' two remaining breach arguments fail to
state a claim.
4. Accounting. JPMorgan has already turned over loan records to the
Stringfellows. NQ 11 at Exhibit 11A, 11B, & 11C. All their other claims have
failed for one reason or another. In the circumstances, the Stringfellows'
request for accounting is moot.
Defendants' motion to dismiss, NQ 32, granted.
D.P. Marshall Jr.
United States District Judge
9 January 2014
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?