Washington v. Outlaw

Filing 11

REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS that the petition for section 2241 relief be dismissed and the relief requested be denied 1 . Objections to R&R due by 7/14/2009. Signed by Magistrate Judge H. David Young on 6/30/2009. (lej)

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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS EASTERN DIVISION JERRY DALE WASHINGTON VS. T.C. OUTLAW, WARDEN, FCI FORREST CITY, ARKANSAS PETITIONER CASE NO. 2:09CV00038 WRW/HDY RESPONDENT PROPOSED FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS INS T RUCT IONS The following recommended disposition has been sent to United States District Court Judge William R. Wilson, Jr. Any party may serve and file written objections to this recommendation. Objections should be specific and should include the factual or legal basis for the objection. If the objection is to a factual finding, specifically identify that finding and the evidence that supports your objection. An original and one copy of your objections must be received in the office of the United States District Court Clerk no later than eleven (11) days from the date of the findings and recommendations. The copy will be furnished to the opposing party. objections may result in waiver of the right to appeal questions of fact. If you are objecting to the recommendation and also desire to submit new, different, or additional evidence, and to have a hearing for this purpose before the District Judge, you must, at the same time that you file your written objections, include the following: Failure to file timely 1 1. 2. Why the record made before the Magistrate Judge is inadequate. Why the evidence proffered at the hearing before the District Judge (if such a hearing is granted) was not offered at the hearing before the Magistrate Judge. The detail of any testimony desired to be introduced at the hearing before the District Judge in the form of an offer of proof, and a copy, or the original, of any documentary or other non-testimonial evidence desired to be introduced at the hearing before the District Judge. 3. From this submission, the District Judge will determine the necessity for an additional evidentiary hearing, either before the Magistrate Judge or before the District Judge. Mail your objections and "Statement of Necessity" to: Clerk, United States District Court Eastern District of Arkansas 600 West Capitol Avenue, Suite A149 Little Rock, AR 72201-3325 DISPOSITION Jerry Dale Washington is currently incarcerated at the Federal Correctional Complex in Forrest City, Arkansas. The petitioner is serving a one hundred and fifty two month federal sentence for conspiracy to possess with intent to deliver in excess of 50 grams of methamphetamine (ninety two month sentence) and possession of a firearm in relation to and in furtherance of a drug trafficking crime (sixty month sentence). This sentence was imposed in April of 2006 by the United States District Court for the Northern District of Mississippi following the entry of a guilty plea. In his petition, Mr. Washington claims that he was wrongly convicted of the latter of the crimes because the petitioner's gun was found in a closet, with no drugs, and therefore the weapon was not used in furtherance of the drug trafficking crime. Mr. Washington concedes that no appeal was taken of his 2 convictions. A threshold issue must be addressed before the merits of the petitioner's claim is considered: is a section 2241 petition the proper method for raising the arguments? Typically, section 2241 petitions address either the execution of a sentence or the conditions of confinement, not the imposition of a sentence, which is properly challenged via a section 2255 petition. Cain v. Petrovsky, 798 F.2d 1194, 1198 n. 3 (8th Cir. 1986). An exception to the general rule exists, in that section 2241 relief is available if it "appears that the remedy by motion is inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of his detention." 28 U.S.C. 2255. Thus, the issue is whether section 2255 is inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of the petitioner's conviction. We are guided by the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals decision in United States v. Lurie, 207 F.3d 1075 (8th Cir. 2000). The petitioner in that case had entered a guilty plea, filed an untimely section 2255 petition, and then filed a section 2241 petition claiming actual innocence. The Court considered whether section 2255 relief was inadequate or ineffective: While courts have not thoroughly defined what is meant by "inadequate or ineffective," recent cases from our sister circuits make clear that more is required than demonstrating that there is a procedural barrier to bringing a 2255 motion. . . (citation omitted). Specifically, the 2255 motion is not inadequate or ineffective merely because 2255 relief has already been denied . . . (citations omitted), or because petitioner has been denied permission to file a second or successive 2255 motion , . . . (citations omitted), or because a second or successive 2255 has been dismissed, . . . (citation omitted), or because petitioner has allowed the one year statute of limitations and/or grace period to expire. 207 F.3d at 1077. The Court further noted that the petitioner's claims, including actual innocence, could have been advanced in a timely 2255 petition, and that the petitioner bears the burden of showing 2255 relief inadequate or ineffective. See, also, Charles v. Chandler, 180 F.3d 753 (6th Cir. 1999), DeSimone v. Lacy, 805 F.2d 321 (8th Cir. 1986), and Abdullah v. Hedrick, 392 F.3d 957 3 (8th Cir. 2004).. In this instance, the petitioner is attacking his conviction, a claim which typically must be advanced in the trial court via section 2255. He contends that he is entitled to utilize section 2241 because he is barred from having his claims decided in a 2225 petition. Page 2, docket entry no. 10. He also urges that 2241 is available to him in order to retroactively1 apply Bailey v. United States, 516 U.S. 137 (1995). He also contends that 2241 is available to him because he has a fourth grade education, and because his attorney failed to effectively represent him. We find no support for any of the explanations offered by Mr. Washington as constituting a basis for challenging his conviction via section 2241. As Abdullah v. Hedrick, supra, emphasizes, Mr. Washington bears the burden of showing that section 2255 is inadequate or ineffective. The Abdullah opinion also stressed that the petitioner there could not utilize section 2241 because he had "an unobstructed procedural opportunity to raise his claim." 392 F.3d at 960. Here, Mr. Washington had the opportunity to raise the Bailey claim before pleading guilty, on direct appeal, or in a section 2255 petition. His failure to raise the claim does not now transform section 2255 relief into an inadequate or ineffective remedy. Based upon the foregoing, we recommend that the petition for section 2241 relief be dismissed and the relief requested be denied. Although the petitioner urges "retroactive" application of the Bailey case, it should be noted that Bailey was decided in 1995, eleven years before the petitioner entered his guilty pleas. Therefore, retroactivity is not an issue. 4 1 IT IS SO ORDERED this 30 day of June, 2009. ____________________________________ UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 5

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