Childress v. Social Security Administration
ORDER affirming the final decision of the Commissioner. Childress's Complaint is dismissed, with prejudice. Signed by Magistrate Judge J. Thomas Ray on 1/8/2018. (mcz)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
NANCY A. BERRYHILL,
Social Security Administration
Plaintiff, Connie Childress, applied for disability benefits on November 12,
2014, alleging her disability began on October 10, 2014. (Tr. at 70). Her claims were
denied initially and upon reconsideration. Id. After conducting a hearing, the
Administrative Law Judge (AALJ@) denied Childress’s application. (Tr. at 79). The
Appeals Council denied her request for review (Tr. at 1), thereby making the ALJ’s
decision the final decision of the Commissioner. Childress has requested judicial
For the reasons stated below, the Court 1 affirms the decision of the
The parties have consented in writing to the jurisdiction of a United States Magistrate Judge.
The Commissioner=s Decision:
The ALJ found that Childress had not engaged in substantial gainful activity
since October 10, 2014, her alleged onset date. (Tr. at 72). She continues to work
part time as a server at Cracker Barrel, but her earnings do not meet the substantial
gainful activity level. Id. At Step Two, the ALJ found that Childress has the
following severe impairments: degenerative disc disease status post fusion, rotator
cuff tear status post repair, and obesity. Id.
After finding that Childress’s impairments did not meet or equal a listed
impairment (Tr. at 74), the ALJ determined that Childress has the residual functional
capacity (“RFC”) to perform the full range of sedentary work, except that: (1) she
must have a sit/stand option; (2) she can only occasionally stoop to reach at knee
level, and can only occasionally kneel with assistance to get back up, crouch, and
crawl; (3) she cannot climb ladders, ropes, and scaffolds; and (4) she can only
occasionally reach overhead with her left arm. Id.
The ALJ found that Childress was unable to perform any past relevant work.
(Tr. at 77). Next, the ALJ relied on the testimony of a Vocational Expert (“VE”) to
find that, based on Childress’s age, education, work experience and RFC, jobs
existed in significant numbers in the national economy that she could perform,
including work as a lampshade assembler and a document preparer. (Tr. at 78).
Accordingly, the ALJ held that Childress was not disabled. (Tr. at 79).
Standard of Review
The Court=s function on review is to determine whether the Commissioner=s
decision is supported by substantial evidence on the record as a whole and whether
it is based on legal error. Miller v. Colvin, 784 F.3d 472, 477 (8th Cir. 2015); see
also 42 U.S.C. ' 405(g). While Asubstantial evidence@ is that which a reasonable
mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion, Asubstantial evidence on the
record as a whole@ requires a court to engage in a more scrutinizing analysis:
A[O]ur review is more than an examination of the record for the
existence of substantial evidence in support of the Commissioner=s
decision; we also take into account whatever in the record fairly
detracts from that decision.@ Reversal is not warranted, however,
Amerely because substantial evidence would have supported an
Reed v. Barnhart, 399 F.3d 917, 920 (8th Cir. 2005) (citations omitted).
It is not the task of this Court to review the evidence and make an independent
decision. Neither is it to reverse the decision of the ALJ because there is evidence in
the record which contradicts his findings. The test is whether there is substantial
evidence in the record as a whole which supports the decision of the ALJ. Miller,
784 F.3d. at 477.
Childress=s Arguments on Appeal
Childress contends that substantial evidence does not support the ALJ=s
decision to deny benefits. She argues that: (1) the RFC for occasional overhead
reaching with the left arm exceeded her functional ability; and (2) the ALJ erred in
his credibility analysis.
Childress underwent a discectomy and fusion at L5-S1 in December 2009.
(Tr. at 375). She continued to have back pain and was treated with narcotics, physical
therapy, and a TENS unit. (Tr. at 427-432, 438, 605-740, 838-840). On October 14,
2014, her doctor directed her to wean off all narcotics, because she showed much
less discomfort, and he released her to full-time regular duty work. (Tr. at 411-412).
In January 2015, Childress’s doctor noted that she was off narcotics and was doing
fine. (Tr. at 464). The subsequent record does not reflect treatment for her back
condition. The failure to seek regular and continuing treatment contradicts
allegations of disability. See Gwathney v. Chater, 104 F.3d 1043, 1045 (8th Cir.
1997). Moreover, Childress does not raise her back condition as grounds for reversal.
Childress focuses her argument on limitations stemming from a left shoulder
rotator cuff tear. A March 2015 MRI revealed the shoulder tear. (Tr. at 525).
Childress underwent left shoulder arthroscopic subacromial decompression surgery
with debridement on May 22, 2015. (Tr. at 527-533). She started physical therapy
in May 2015. (Tr. at 548-557). In July 2015, a clinic note showed her shoulder
motion was much improved, and her doctor released her to work at the light level.
(Tr. at 842-844). Childress had a shoulder steroidal injection on September 4, 2015,
and was urged by her doctor to continue strengthening exercises. (Tr. at 361-363).
A physician’s recommendation to exercise suggests that a claimant has an increased
functional capacity. See Moore v. Astrue, 572 F.3d 520, 522 (8th Cir. 2009). On
October 9, 2015, Childress’s doctor found pain with resistance, but decent strength
and minimal crepitus. (Tr. at 859-860). Objective tests showing mild to moderate
conditions do not support a finding of disability. Masterson v. Barnhart, 363 F.3d
731, 738-39 (8th Cir. 2004).
On November 3, 2015, Childress reported to her doctor that she was doing a
little bit better overall, and he observed that the majority of the shoulder repair was
intact. (Tr. at 923). He refilled her pain medications. Id. On January 5, 2016,
Childress’s doctor found that Childress was “pretty functional,” with “pretty good”
range of motion in her shoulder. (Tr. at 919-920). On February 19, 2016, while
Childress said she was pretty active with her left shoulder, her doctor suspected a
possible second rotator cuff tear. (Tr. at 917-918). She did not have subsequent
objective testing to confirm this, and the medical evidence contains no further
treatment records for her shoulder.
Childress submits that she cannot perform the occasional overhead reaching
assigned in the RFC. A claimant’s RFC represents the most he can do despite the
combined effects of all of his credible limitations and must be based on all credible
evidence. McCoy v. Astrue, 648 F.3d 605, 614 (8th Cir. 2011). In determining the
claimant’s [RFC], the ALJ has a duty to establish, by competent medical evidence,
the physical and mental activity that the claimant can perform in a work setting, after
giving appropriate consideration to all of [his] impairments. Ostronski v. Chater, 94
F.3d 413, 418 (8th Cir. 1996).
The medical record reflects conservative treatment (pain medications,
injections, and physical therapy). The need for only conservative treatment
contradicts allegations of disabling pain. Smith v. Shalala, 987 F.2d 1371, 1374 (8th
Cir. 1993). And Childress reported improvement in her shoulder pain over time; as
well, range of motion returned after surgery. Improvement in strength and
diminished pain supports an ALJ’s finding that a claimant is not disabled. See
Lochner v. Sullivan, 968 F.2d 725, 728 (8th Cir. 1992). Finally, Childress continued
to work part-time as a restaurant server through the date of the hearing, which job
requires some upper extremity exertion. An ability to work with an impairment
shows that the impairment is not disabling. Harris v. Barnhart, 356 F.3d 926, 930
(8th Cir. 2004). The RFC assigned by the ALJ was reflective of the medical record
and incorporated all of Childress’s limitations.
Childress argues that the ALJ’s credibility analysis was flawed. Before
coming to a conclusion on a claimant’s credibility, the ALJ must give full
consideration to all of the evidence presented relating to subjective complaints,
including prior work record, as well as observations by third parties and treating and
examining physicians regarding: 1) the claimant’s daily activities; 2) the duration,
frequency, and intensity of pain; 3) precipitating and aggravating factors; 4) dosage,
effectiveness and side effects of medication; and 5) functional restrictions. Polaski
v. Heckler, 751 F.2d 943, 948 (8th Cir. 1984).2
An ALJ “has a duty to assess the credibility of the claimant and other
witnesses.” Nelson v. Sullivan, 966 F.2d 363, 366 (8th Cir. 1992). A reviewing court
“will defer to an ALJ’s credibility finding as long as the ALJ explicitly discredits a
claimant’s testimony and gives a good reason for doing so.” Wildman v. Astrue, 596
F.3d 959, 968 (8th Cir. 2010).
The ALJ provided reasons for his credibility determination. He noted that
Social Security Ruling 16-3p, 2016 SSR LEXIS 4, removed the word "credibility" from the
analysis of a claimant's subjective complaints, replacing it with “consistency” of a claimant’s
allegations with other evidence. It became effective on March 28, 2016, but the underlying analysis
still incorporates the same factors discussed in Polaski and requires the ALJ to make a
determination based on all evidence in the record. Martsolf v. Colvin, No. 6:16-cv-00348-NKL,
2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 2748 (W.D. Mo. Jan. 9, 2017). The Court notes that the hearing decision
in this case pre-dated the effective date of SSR 16-3p, so the Court assumes the standard credibility
Childress could care for her elderly father, cook meals, and finish most activities of
daily living. (Tr. at 73). Childress reported also that she could do laundry, care for
pets, drive, iron, and attend church. (Tr. at 255-258). Such daily activities undermine
her claims of disability. Shannon v. Chater, 54 F.3d 484, 487 (8th Cir. 1995);
Edwards v. Barnhart, 314 F.3d 964, 967 (8th Cir. 2003). The ALJ also noted
Childress’s improvement over time, and pointed out that she weaned herself off her
medications. (Tr. at 76). Finally, the fact that no doctor placed physical restrictions
on Childress and she continued to work in spite of her injury supports the ALJ’s
finding that she was less than credible. A lack of physician-imposed restrictions may
serve as a reason to discredit a claimant’s credibility. Hensley v. Barnhart, 352 F.3d
353, 357 (8th Cir. 2003). The ALJ committed no error in his credibility analysis.
There is substantial evidence to support the Commissioner=s decision to deny
benefits. The ALJ did not err in his RFC determination or his credibility analysis.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that the final decision of the Commissioner
is AFFIRMED, and Childress’s Complaint is DISMISSED, with prejudice.
DATED this 8th day of January, 2018.
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?