Everett v. Social Security Administration
ORDER affirming the decision of the Commissioner and dismissing with prejudice the 2 Complaint filed by Stacey Everett. Signed by Magistrate Judge H. David Young on 9/23/11. (kpr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
CASE NO. 3:10CV00275 HDY
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE, Commissioner,
Social Security Administration
Plaintiff has appealed the final decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security
Administration to deny her claim for disability insurance benefits (DIB) and supplemental security
income (SSI). In this judicial review, the Court must determine whether there is substantial evidence
in the administrative record to support the Commissioner’s decision. 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
This Court’s review function is limited to determining whether the Commissioner's findings
are supported by substantial evidence on the record as a whole. See Prosch v. Apfel, 201 F.3d 1010,
1012 (8th Cir. 2000). "Substantial evidence is less than a preponderance, but is enough that a
reasonable mind would find it adequate to support the Commissioner's conclusions.” Id. The Court
may not reverse merely because evidence would have supported a contrary outcome. See id.
The only disputed issue in this case is whether plaintiff is disabled within the meaning of the
Social Security Act. Plaintiff bears the burden of establishing a physical or mental impairment that
will result in death, or that has lasted twelve months or more and has prevented her from engaging
in any substantial gainful activity. 42 U.S.C. § 423 (d)(1)(A); 42 U.S.C. § 1382c(3)(A) and (B).
Plaintiff filed for SSI and DIB on May 7, 2007. In her application she alleged she became
disabled on January 1, 20001. Her applications were denied initially and upon reconsideration, and
she requested a hearing before an administrative law judge (ALJ).
Plaintiff was 32 years old at the time of the hearing, which was conducted on February 24,
2010. (Tr. 30-51). The plaintiff and a vocational expert testified at the hearing. The plaintiff, who
has a tenth grade education, has past relevant work experience as a cafeteria attendant and office
At the administrative hearing, the plaintiff indicated that she was married and has three
children, aged 12, 7, and 3. (Tr. 35). She stated she could not work because of headaches, which
started as “minor” but had increased in severity and intensity over the past ten years. (Tr. 35). She
testified to quitting work in 2004 when she also experienced fatigue and muscle pain. She conceded
that her headaches had improved in the past year. When asked by the ALJ why a treating physician,
Dr. South, wanted to wean the plaintiff off of Lorcet, she denied having a drug problem, and
explained that she did not always fill her pain prescriptions. (Tr. 37-8). The plaintiff’s three year
old child, along with her husband, are at home each day. (Tr. 39). The plaintiff indicated she does
not have a driver’s license and has a “phobia” about driving. (Tr. 41). The plaintiff testified that
her headaches are a “good portion” of the reason she cannot work. She also mentioned constant
soreness in her muscles. (Tr. 42). As for daily, activities, the plaintiff stated she has days where she
helps with some chores. She takes Lyrica and Lexipro daily. (Tr. 43). The ALJ asked the
vocational expert about the plaintiff’s past work, and the witness indicated that plaintiff’s past work
The plaintiff acknowledged at the administrative hearing that she filed an earlier disability claim in
2004, and that she did not appeal its denial. (Tr. 40). As a result, the relevant period under review
for disability benefits in this case is September 17, 2004 through March 22, 2010.
as a cafeteria attendant and office cleaner was light, unskilled work. (Tr. 48). The ALJ then posed
a hypothetical question, asking the vocational expert to assume an individual who could occasionally
lift and/or carry 20 pounds, frequently lift and/or carry 10 pounds, stand and/or walk 6 hours in a
workday, sit 6 hours in a workday, only occasionally climb, balance, stoop, kneel, crouch or crawl,
and limited to work where interpersonal contact is only incidental to the work performed, and any
supervision required would need to be simple, direct, and concrete. (Tr. 50). The vocational expert
testified that such an individual could perform the past relevant work of the plaintiff.
On March 22, 2010, the ALJ found the plaintiff was not disabled as defined in the Social
Security Act. (Tr. 7-23). The ALJ specifically found the plaintiff has the severe impairments of a
very small herniated nucleus pulposus at C5-C6, headaches, mood disorder, NOS, and anxiety
disorder. The ALJ found, however, that she did not have an impairment or combination of
impairments listed in, or medically equal to one listed in Appendix 1, Subpart P, Regulations No.
4. The ALJ found the plaintiff has the residual functional capacity to perform her past relevant work
as a cafeteria attendant and officer cleaner. As a result, the ALJ concluded that the plaintiff was not
disabled. The Appeals Council, on October 25, 2010, denied plaintiff’s request for review (Tr. 1-3),
and plaintiff subsequently filed suit with this Court.
The ALJ considered her impairments by way of the familiar five-step sequential evaluation
The first step involves a determination of whether the claimant is involved in substantial
gainful activity. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520(b). If the claimant is, benefits are denied; if not, the
evaluation goes to the next step.
Step two involves a determination, based solely on the medical evidence, of whether the
claimant has a severe impairment or combination of impairments. Id., § 404.1520©); see 20 C.F.R.
§ 404.1526. If not, benefits are denied; if so, the evaluation proceeds to the next step.
Step three involves a determination, again based solely on the medical evidence, of whether
the severe impairment(s) meets or equals a listed impairment which is presumed to be disabling.
Id., § 404.1520(d). If so, benefits are awarded; if not, the evaluation continues.
Step four involves a determination of whether the claimant has sufficient residual functional
capacity, despite the impairment(s), to perform past work. Id., § 404.1520(e). If so, benefits are
denied; if not, the evaluation continues.
Step five involves a determination of whether the claimant is able to perform other
substantial and gainful work within the economy, given claimant's age, education and work
experience. Id., § 404.1520(f). If so, benefits are denied; if not, benefits are awarded.
In support of her request for reversal, plaintiff contends the ALJ erred in the following ways:
(1) in his credibility assessment; (2) in finding the plaintiff could perform a wide range of light
work; (3) in underestimating the effect of plaintiff’s depression and anxiety; and (4) in posing a
flawed hypothetical question to the vocational expert. Pl.’s App. Br. at 35-40.
The plaintiff’s first claim is that the ALJ erred in assessing her credibility. In his opinion,
the ALJ utilized the familiar framework from Polaski v. Heckler, 739 F.2d 943 (8th Cir. 1984), to
assess the plaintiff’s credibility. Specifically, the ALJ noted that plaintiff’s work record weighs
against her credibility, in part because she earned more wages after her alleged onset of disability
than prior to the onset date. The ALJ found the disability onset date alleged by the plaintiff to be
“arbitrary.” (Tr. 19). The ALJ notes that none of the plaintiff’s treating or examining physicians
have opined she is unable to work. This is particularly significant in this case, where the plaintiff
was seen by numerous physicians, especially during the time frame from August 2006 through 2009.
The ALJ also noted that the plaintiff did not always take her prescribed medications. The Court
notes that the records also show that the plaintiff failed to complete scheduled physical therapy
treatments. The ALJ also discussed the plaintiff’s daily activities, and found her testimony in this
regard “not very convincing.” (Tr. 20). One example cited by the ALJ – the plaintiff testified at the
hearing that she did not drive, that her husband drove her to all of her appointments, and that she left
the house about twice a month except for medical appointments (Tr. 42), while the medical records
show that the plaintiff told Suzanne Gibbard, Ph.D., that she drove when examined in July of 2007.
(Tr. 695-699). Considering all of the Polaski factors discussed by the ALJ, we find substantial
evidence supports the discounting of the plaintiff’s testimony. As previously noted, the absence of
any physician’s opinion that the plaintiff was disabled is noteworthy in this instance. There is no
merit to the first claim advanced by the plaintiff.
For her second claim, the plaintiff contends the ALJ erred in finding the plaintiff could
perform a wide range of light work. To a large extent, the plaintiff’s argument here is once again
tied to her credibility claim. She urges that her testimony was that she could stand and/walk only
for limited periods, and the ALJ should have found this testimony to be credible. Docket entry no.
12, page 38. The plaintiff also points to the medical evidence that supports her testimony regarding
pain. However, the medical evidence recited by the ALJ also shows the plaintiff was noncompliant
with taking her pain medication. Given our conclusion regarding the credibility finding of the ALJ,
it follows that the ALJ’s finding that the plaintiff could perform a wide range of light work is
supported by substantial evidence. We again note that no treating physician found the plaintiff
unable to perform light work, and that consultative psychologist Dr. Gibbard opined that the
plaintiff, despite her problems, “would have the capacity to cope with the mental cognitive work
demands.” (Tr. 699). There is no merit to the second argument of the plaintiff.
Plaintiff next urges that the ALJ underestimated the effect of plaintiff’s depression and
anxiety. The ALJ found the plaintiff had the severe impairments of a mood disorder, NOS, and
anxiety disorder. (Tr. 10). As a result, the ALJ found the plaintiff capable of performing work
where interpersonal contact is incidental to the work performed, the complexity of tasks is learned
and performed by rote, has few variables, requires little judgment, and any supervision required is
simple, direct and concrete. (Tr. 22). The medical record as a whole shows the plaintiff primarily
complains of pain occurring at various locations. The occasional reference to anxiety and depression
shows the plaintiff responded well to the treatment. The ALJ did not err in estimating the plaintiff’s
depression and anxiety and its effect on plaintiff’s ability to perform certain work.
The final argument of the plaintiff is that the ALJ erred by posing a flawed hypothetical
question to the vocational expert. The plaintiff argues that the ALJ, in his hypothetical, overstated
her “residual functional capacity, minimized the effect of her pain, and failed to take into effect the
full effects of her mood disorder and anxiety.” Docket entry no. 8, page 40. We find no merit to
this claim. The ALJ’s hypothetical was founded on his credibility determination, his finding that
the plaintiff can perform a wide range of light work, and his assessment of the plaintiff’s mood
disorder and anxiety. Substantial evidence supports the individual findings of the ALJ, as well as
the hypothetical question embodying these findings.
In summary, the plaintiff’s arguments are without merit for the reasons stated herein.
Substantial evidence supports the Commissioner’s decision.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that the final decision of the Commissioner is affirmed and
plaintiff’s complaint is dismissed with prejudice.
IT IS SO ORDERED this
day of September, 2011.
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?