Daniels v. Byrd
ORDER denying 18 Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment. Plaintiff is directed to file an Amended Complaint on or before 8/15/11, stating the constitutional right which he feels was violated by the collision with the Defendant's police car. Signed by Judge James M. Moody on 8/2/2011. (jct)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
Pending is the Plaintiff’s motion asking the Court to grant his civil lawsuit (Docket # 18).
The Court has interpreted the motion to be for summary judgment of the action pursuant to Rule
56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. The Defendant has responded. For the reasons set
forth below, Plaintiff’s Motion is DENIED.
Summary judgment is appropriate only when there is no genuine issue of material fact, so
that the dispute may be decided solely on legal grounds. Holloway v. Lockhart, 813 F.2d 874
(8th Cir. 1987); Fed. R. Civ. P. 56. There is considerable difference between Plaintiff’s version
of the facts giving rise to this case and the Defendant’s version of the facts. However, so far it is
undisputed that the Defendant, an officer of the City of Gosnell Police Department, observed
Plaintiff driving an older model Mercedes Benz in Gosnell, Arkansas. At the time, Plaintiff had
outstanding felony warrants against him and a suspended drivers license. During the course of
an official stop, Defendant’s vehicle struck the rear of Plaintiff’s vehicle. Plaintiff was taken
into custody by Blytheville police officers, who were also at the scene, and transferred to the
Mississippi County Jail. He is awaiting transfer to the Arkansas Department of Correction.
Plaintiff alleges that he was injured as a result of the collision with the Defendant and that the
Defendant violated Plaintiff’s constitutional rights. Plaintiff seeks $2.5 million in damages for
his pain and suffering, lost wages, time away from his children, medical expenses, loss of
apartment, and loss of vehicle. He also asks that the Court to dismiss the charges against him.
After review of the pleadings, the Court finds that there are several fact issues remaining
which require the Court to deny the Plaintiff’s motion. For example, Plaintiff states the
Defendant intentionally hit him from behind and the Defendant states that the Plaintiff stopped
abruptly causing him to accidentally collide with Plaintiff’s vehicle. Plaintiff states he sustained
injuries and the Defendant states he did not. Other than an affidavit by the Defendant (which
incorporates the Answer), there has been no evidence presented by the parties.
Further, Plaintiff, acting pro se, does not state in his Complaint what constitutional right
he feels the Defendant violated when the Defendant’s police car hit his vehicle. “Pursuit
reflecting an intent to stop ‘does not amount to a ‘seizure’ within the meaning of the Fourth
Amendment.’” Slusarchuk v. Hoff, 346 F.3d 1178, 1181 (8th Cir. 2003) (quoting County of
Sacramento v. Lewis, 523 U.S. 833, 844, 118 S.Ct. 1708 (1998)). A § 1983 substantive due
process claim, however, may be “based upon the conduct of public officials engaged in a highspeed automobile chase aimed at apprehending a suspected offender.” Helseth v. Burch, 258
F.3d 867, 871 (8th Cir. 2001) (en banc), cert. denied, 534 U.S. 1115, 122 S.Ct. 924, 151 L.Ed. 2d
For these reasons, Plaintiff’s Motion (Docket # 18) is DENIED. Plaintiff is directed to
file an Amended Complaint on or before August 15, 2011, stating the constitutional right which
he feels was violated by the collision with the Defendant’s police car. The Court also notes that
the Defendant, in his Response, asks the Court to dismiss Plaintiff’s Complaint. However, Local
Rule 7.2(e) states that a motion to dismiss will not be considered unless set forth in a separate
pleading accompanied by a separate brief.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 2nd day of August, 2011.
James M. Moody
United States District Judge
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