Bright v. Evonic Cyro LLC et al
ORDER granting 52 Motion for Costs; denying 53 Motion to Quash. Evonik is awarded costs in the amount of $1,1621.95. Signed by Judge Susan Webber Wright on 7/18/2013. (jak)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
EVONIK CYRO, LLC,
Earrick Bright brought this action against his former employer, Evonik Cyro, LLC
(Evonik), alleging violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. §
12101 et seq., and the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, 29 U.S.C. § 2601 et seq.
By Opinion and Order entered May 30, 2013, the Court granted Evonik’s motion for
summary judgment and entered judgment dismissing this action.
Now before the Court is Evonik’s motion for Bill of Costs in the total amount of
$2,449.45 [doc.#52].1 Bright, in turn, has filed a motion [doc.#53] to quash Evonik’s
motion for Bill of Costs on grounds that he is financially unable to pay costs and,
alternatively, the items in Evonik’s Bill of Costs do not fall within the scope of 28 U.S.C.
§ 1920. Evonik opposes Bright’s motion to quash but does state that in light of Bright’s
claim of inability to pay the full amount of costs and in consideration of judicial
economy, it will compromise its request for costs by rescinding its request for the cost of
The subtotals Evonik has supplied actually total one nickel more–$2,449.50.
Teresa Bright’s deposition, which amounted to $553.50, and by reducing the request for
internal copying costs of $328.50 to include only the copying costs of the exhibits to its
motion for summary judgment, which amounts to $54.45. As so amended, Evonik’s Bill
of Costs now seeks $1,228.45 for Bright’s deposition, $54.45 for internal copies, and
$339.05 for external copies, for a total of $1,621.95. For the foregoing reasons, the Court
grants Evonik’s motion for Bill of Costs as amended and denies Bright’s motion to quash
Evonik’s motion for Bill of Costs.
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1920, a judge or court clerk “may tax as costs” fees of the clerk
and marshal, fees for necessary printed or electronically recorded transcripts, fees and
disbursements for printing and witnesses, fees for copies of necessary papers, docket fees,
and compensation of court-appointed experts and interpreters. Under Fed.R.Civ.P.
54(d)(1), “costs–other than attorney’s fees–should be allowed to the prevailing party.”
See Brisco-Wade v. Carnahan, 297 F.3d 781, 782 (8th Cir. 2002) (per curiam).
Bright essentially argues that this Court should exercise its discretion and deny
costs altogether on grounds that he is a person of very limited financial sources. This,
however, is not a basis for denying costs, at least on this record. While it is true that an
inability to pay is a proper factor to be considered in granting or denying taxable costs,
McGill v. Faulkner, 18 F.3d 456, 459 (7th Cir. 1994) (citation omitted)), Bright had the
services of retained counsel and he has not demonstrated actual indigency or limited
financial resources such that he is unable to pay the costs at this time or at some point in
the future. Cf. Galvan v. Cameron Mutual Ins. Co., 831 F.2d 804, 805-06 (8th Cir. 1987)
(per curiam) (appellate courts may assess costs against in forma pauperis litigants);
Jackson v. Unknown Smith, 116 F.3d 480 (8th Cir. 1997) (unpublished per curiam)
(holding in a case affirming an award of costs despite claims of indigency that “[a]
prevailing party may recover costs as a matter of course, if not precluded by federal law,
whether the unsuccessful party is fee-paying or indigent”).2
Alternatively, Bright argues that this Court should reduce the amount of costs
requested on grounds that Teresa Bright’s deposition was not used in the summary
judgment papers, that Evonik provides no explanation for the costs associated with
internal copies, and that much of Bright’s medical records–the external copies–were not
reasonably necessary. Evonik, however, has withdrawn its request for costs associated
with Teresa Bright’s deposition and all but $54.45 of the costs for internal copies. As to
the remainder of the costs for which reimbursement is being sought, the Court finds that
all of those costs in Evonik’s amended Bill of Costs were necessary to the defense of this
action. Additionally, when an expense is taxable as a cost, “there is a strong presumption
that a prevailing party shall recover it ‘in full measure.’” Concord Boat Corp. v.
Brunswick Corp., 309 F.3d 494 (8th Cir. 2002) (citations omitted). The losing party bears
the burden of making the showing that an award is inequitable under the circumstances.
Id. Bright has not met his burden of showing that the award as amended is inequitable
Should Bright demonstrate that he is financially unable to pay the full amount of costs
at one time, “it is the Court’s belief that the parties involved can come to an independent
arrangement for repayment of the costs over a reasonable amount of time.” See Wardell v. City
of Chicago, No. 98 C 8002, 2002 WL 31496215, *2 n.3 (N.D. Ill. Nov. 7, 2002).
under the circumstances.3
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that Evonik be awarded costs in the amount of
Dated this 18th day of July 2013.
/s/Susan Webber Wright
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
The Court rejects any suggestion that an award of costs will have a chilling effect on
litigants such as Bright. “‘Non-indigents who contemplate litigation are routinely forced to
decide whether their claim is ‘worth it’” and “‘[w]e see no reason to treat indigents differently in
this respect.’” McGill, 18 F.3d at 460 (quoting Flynt v. Haynes, 651 F2d 970 (4th Cir. 1981)).
“Just as non-indigent litigants must consider the relative merits of their lawsuit against the pain
an unsuccessful suit might inflict on their pocketbook, so must [indigants] learn to exercise
discretion and judgment in their litigious activity and accept the consequences of their costly
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