Honeycutt v. Womack et al
ORDER granting 22 Motion for Summary Judgment. Honeycutt's complaint is dismissed with prejudice. Signed by Chief Judge Brian S. Miller on 12/18/2014. (jak)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
STEVEN M. HONEYCUTT
CASE NO. 3:13CV00188 BSM
Defendant Brandon Womack’s motion for summary judgment [Doc. No. 22] is
granted and plaintiff Steven Honeycutt’s claims against Womack are dismissed with
I. FACTUAL BACKGROUND
Viewing the facts in the light most favorable to Honeycutt, the non-moving party, the
facts are as follows. Womack, a Craighead County deputy sheriff, was on duty in his patrol
car when Honeycutt passed him. Womack pulled onto the road and accelerated to catch up
to Womack, called into dispatch for backup, and turned on his siren. Soon thereafter,
Honeycutt came to a stop on the side of the road.
As Honeycutt exited his truck, Womack ordered him to get back in the truck.
Womack then ordered Honeycutt to exit the truck and walk to the back of the truck with his
hands raised. Honeycutt exited the truck with his hands raised, but then attempted to reach
into his truck. As soon as Honeycutt reached into his truck, Womack shot him in the arm.
Womack then called dispatch for help and began providing first aid to Honeycutt. Other
deputies soon arrived and provided aid until the ambulance arrived and took Honeycutt to
Honeycutt filed this lawsuit against Womack, in his official and individual capacities,
alleging excessive force and deliberate indifference to a serious medical need. Honeycutt is
seeking Womack’s termination from the sheriff’s department and money damages.
II. LEGAL STANDARD
Summary judgment is appropriate when there is no genuine dispute as to any material
fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. See Fed. R. Civ. P.
56(a); Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322–23 (1986); Anderson v. Liberty Lobby
Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 249–50 (1986). Once the moving party demonstrates that there is no
genuine dispute of material fact, the non-moving party may not rest upon the mere
allegations or denials in his pleadings. Holden v. Hirner, 663 F.3d 336, 340 (8th Cir. 2011).
Instead, the non-moving party must produce admissible evidence demonstrating a genuine
factual dispute that must be resolved at trial. Id. When considering a motion for summary
judgment, all reasonable inferences must be drawn in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party. Holland v. Sam’s Club, 487 F.3d 641, 643 (8th Cir. 2007).
Summary judgment is granted because Womack is immune from suit. Sovereign
immunity bars Honeycutt’s official capacity claims seeking money damages and, though not
barred by the Eleventh Amendment, Honeycutt’s official capacity claims for injunctive relief
are dismissed for failure to state a claim. Further, qualified immunity bars Honeycutt’s
individual capacity claims.
Honeycutt’s claims against Womack in his official capacity are barred by the
Eleventh Amendment. See Monroe v. Arkansas State Univ., 495 F.3d 591, 594 (8th Cir.
2007). This is true because the Eleventh Amendment immunizes state agencies from suits
brought by private citizens. Ex Parte Young, 209 U.S. 123, 149 (1908). A suit against a
government official in his official capacity is an action against the state agency that employs
the official being sued. Baker v. Chisom, 501 F.3d 920, 925 (8th Cir. 2007). The Eleventh
Amendment, however, does not bar claims against the state that seek prospective, and not
compensatory, relief. Heartland Academy Community Church v. Waddle, 427 F.3d 525, 530
(8th Cir. 2005). Therefore, a court may enjoin state officials to prevent Constitutional
Honeycutt’s claim seeking Womack’s termination is dismissed because Womack’s
employment with the Craighead County Sheriff’s Department poses no immediate threat of
repeated injury to Honeycutt See Martin v. Sargent, 780 F.2d 1334, 1337 (8th Cir. 1985).
Honeycutt’s claim is in essence a claim for prospective injunctive relief and to obtain such
relief, Honeycutt must show that a real and immediate injury exists, not an abstract injury or
one that is conjectural or hypothetical. See City of Los Angeles v. Lyons, 461 U.S. 95,
100–02 (1983). In that Honeycutt is currently incarcerated, he is no longer in contact with
Womack or subject to his authority. Consequently, Womack poses no real and immediate
threat to him.
Womack is immune from Honeycutt’s excessive force claims against him in his
individual capacity because the force he used on Honeycutt was objectively reasonable under
the circumstances. Qualified immunity shields officers from liability unless they violate a
clearly established right that a reasonable person would have known about. Loch v. City of
Litchfield, 689 F.3d 961, 965 (8th Cir. 2012). In determining whether an officer used
excessive force, the court must determine whether the amount of force used was objectively
reasonable under the circumstances. Coker v. Arkansas State Police, 734 F.3d 838, 843 (8th
Womack is entitled to qualified immunity because he did not violate a clearly
established right. The video of the traffic stop, the only objective evidence in the record,
indicates that Honeycutt’s injury was not the result of malicious conduct, but was the product
of Womack’s efforts to maintain order and safety. The video supports the proposition that
an objectively reasonable law enforcement officer in the same situation as Womack would
have used the same or similar amount of force, given the circumstances that Womack faced.
Womack also has qualified immunity on Honeycutt’s claim that Womack violated the
Eighth Amendment’s prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment when he acted with
deliberate indifference to Honeycutt’s serious medical needs. To satisfy his deliberate
indifference claim, Honeycutt must show that (1) he suffered from an objectively serious
medical need, and (2) the officer actually knew of, but deliberately disregarded the need.
Fourte v. Faulkner County, Ark., 746 F.3d 384, 387 (8th Cir. 2014). Honeycutt clearly
establishes the first element, but the video of the traffic stop shows that Womack
immediately addressed Honeycutt’s injury by providing first aid and calling for help. Indeed,
Womack continued to provide first aid to Honeycutt until help arrived. Consequently,
Honeycutt has failed to show that Womack deliberately disregarded his medical need.
For the reasons stated above, Womack’s motion for summary judgment [Doc. No. 22]
is granted and Honeycutt’s complaint is dismissed with prejudice.
IT IS ORDERED this 18th day of December 2014.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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