Edington v. Sammons et al
ORDER denying 85 Motion for Judgment as a Matter of Law based on the findings of fact and conclusions of law stated within this Order. Signed by Judge Billy Roy Wilson on 9/11/2014. (jak)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
PATRICIA JANE EDINGTON
ALEXANDRA JANE EDINGTON
Pending is Defendant’s Motion for Judgment as a Matter of Law or, in the Alternative,
New Trial (Doc. No. 85). Plaintiff has responded.1 As set out below, the motion is DENIED.
This case involves a dispute over two alleged oral agreements between a mother
(Plaintiff Patricia Jane Edington), daughter (Defendant Alexandra Edington Sammons), and
father/husband (Jerry Edington, Sr., deceased). The agreements involve three different Arkansas
properties: a home in Jonesboro, a home in Marion, and farmland in Jackson County.
The first alleged agreement is that Plaintiff agreed that, when she sold her home in
Jonesboro (where Defendant lived), the proceeds would go to Defendant. In return, Defendant
agreed that, when she sold the home in Marion (where Plaintiff lived off and on), the proceeds
would go to Plaintiff. The second alleged agreement relates to a decision to put Plaintiff’s
farmland in Defendant’s name, with the understanding that Plaintiff would continue to receive
the rental income from the property for the remainder of her life.
After a two day trial, the jury found that Plaintiff proved by the greater weight of the
evidence that she “retained a life estate in the rent proceeds from the Jackson County farmland”
Doc. No. 89.
and that Plaintiff and Defendant “entered into a contract regarding the sale of the Jonesboro and
Judgment as a Matter of Law
Defendant asserts that she is entitled to Judgment as a Matter as a matter of law because
“[n]o reasonable jury could have found a meeting of the minds, and from there a contract . . .
where Plaintiff cannot even clearly state her own perceptions of the purported contracts.”3
When considering a motion for judgment as a matter of law, I must “view the evidence
in the light most favorable to the prevailing party and mak[e] all reasonable inferences in favor
of the jury’s verdict.”4 “Judgment as a matter of law is only appropriate when no reasonable jury
could have found for the nonmoving party.”5
After hearing the evidence at trial and, as it relates to this issue, viewing it in a light most
favorable to Plaintiff, it cannot be said that no reasonable jury could have found for the
nonmoving party. Though some of the “facts” are blurry, there was enough evidence for the jury
to determine that a contract existed. Accordingly, Defendant’s Motion for Judgment as a Matter
of Law is DENIED.
Defendant contends that she is entitled to a new trial because: (1) Plaintiff’s counsel
misquoted her deposition in opening statement; (2) Plaintiff’s testimony violated the order on
Doc. No. 74.
Doc. No. 86.
In re Prempro Products Liability (Scroggin v. Wyeth), 586 F.3d 547, 568-69 (8th Cir.
2009) (citations omitted).
Id. at 569.
motions in limine; (3) Plaintiff rambled and was coached by her lawyer; and (4) during closing
Plaintiff’s counsel implied that Defendant did not call a witness because his testimony would not
have been consistent with her position.
A motion for a new trial should be granted only when it is “necessary to prevent a
miscarriage of justice.”6 None of the arguments mentioned below reflect a miscarriage of
“In his opening statement Plaintiff’s counsel pulled out a copy of Defendant Sammons’s
discovery deposition in view of the jury, and over repeated objection by defense counsel,
paraphrased garbled passages from it, pretending that he was quoting her verbatim.”7 Defendant
correctly points out that during opening some of counsel’s statement were verbatim from the
deposition and others were paraphrased; but, there is no prejudice. First, opening statements are
not evidence. Second, Defendant had the chance to clear up any misstatements during the trial.
Motions in Limine
Defendant argues that Plaintiff violated several rulings on motions in limine by
mentioning her financial status and that she inherited the farmland. According to Defendant
“Plaintiff interjected these non-issues and unfairly but successfully stoked the jury’s sense of
pity and filial devotion, leading it to declare the existence of a contract where the evidence
reflected none was formed.”8
Hallmark Cards, Inc. v. Murley, 703 F.3d 456, 462 (8th Cir. 2013).
Doc. No. 86.
Defendant correctly points out that Plaintiff testified about her financial status when she
mentioned having to sell her belongings and living on a fixed income. However, counsel did not
object during the trial. A contemporaneous objection is required.9
Plaintiff also mentioned that she inherited the farmland from her father. Defendant
objected, mentioned at a side bar that the testimony was in violation of the motion in limine
order, and asked that the testimony be stricken. I overruled the request.
A violation of a motion in limine may warrant a new trial when “the violation has
prejudiced the parties or denied them a fair trial.”10 “Prejudicial error is error which in all
probability produced some effect on the jury’s verdict and is harmful to the substantial rights of
the party assigning it.”11 This violation was not substantial, and I do not believe it weight
heavily with the jury -- no substantial rights were adversely affected.
Plaintiff’s Testimony and Coaching
According to Defendant, “Plaintiff’s testimony throughout trial was evasive and
incoherent to the point of being non-responsive” and she was coached during a break.
Regarding coaching, it is not “inherently unethical for a lawyer to speak to a witness once
the witness has begun to testify.”12 Additionally, Defendant has presented no evidence showing
how she was prejudiced by Plaintiff’s counsel’s alleged attempt to coach her regarding responses
to questions about the tax information. Finally, I allowed Defendant to make her coaching
Fed. R. Evidence 103.
Pullman v. Land O’Lakes, Inc., 262 F.3d 759, 762 (8th Cir. 2001).
U.S. v. Calderin-Rodriguez, 244 F.3d 977, 985 (8th Cir. 2011).
objection in front of the jury, which means the jury had the chance to determine how much
weight to give the testimony.
As for Plaintiff’s testimony at trial, I agree that keeping Plaintiff on-point was
challenging. When requested, and sometimes even when not, I advised Plaintiff to listen to the
question and answer it succinctly. However, I do not believe that Plaintiff’s wandering
testimony resulted in miscarriage of justice for Defendant.
Defendant point out that during closing argument rebuttal Plaintiff’s counsel stated that
Defendant was “supposed to call” the notary who was there when the farmland was conveyed,
but did not because “he wasn’t going to say what they wanted.”
Improper statements in closing warrant a new trial “only if the statements are plainly
unwarranted and clearly injurious and cause prejudice to the opposing party and unfairly
influence a jury’s verdict.”13 That’s not the case here.
Even assuming this statement was improper (I don’t think it was), it was harmless. When
counsel stated that the witness “wasn’t going to say what [Defendant] wanted,” he was referring
to whether Defendant was present when the deed was notarized. Plaintiff says Defendant was
not there and Defendant says that she was there. This disputed fact is irrelevant, since neither
side contends that the terms of the oral agreement and conveyance were discussed in front of the
Harrison v. Purdy Bros. Trucking Co., Inc., 312 F.3d 346, 351 (8th Cir. 2002) (internal
quotes and citations omitted).
Based on the findings of fact and conclusions of law above, Defendant’s Motion for
Judgment as a Matter of Law or, in the Alternative, New Trial (Doc. No. 85) is DENIED.
IT SO ORDERED this 11th day of September, 2014.
/s/ Billy Roy Wilson
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?