Reed v. Hair et al
ORDER granting 3 MOTION for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis filed by John Willie Reed, Jr. Reed's claims are dismissed with prejudice. It is also certified that an in forma pauperis appeal of this dismissal would be frivolous and not taken in good faith. This dismissal will count as a "strike". Signed by Chief Judge Brian S. Miller on 11/6/2013. (jak)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
JOHN WILLIE REED, JR.
CASE NO. 3:13CV00203 BSM
SHAUN HAIR et al.
Plaintiff John Willie Reed, Jr., an Arkansas Department of Correction (“ADC”)
inmate, filed this case pro se under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. [Doc. No. 1]. His request to proceed
in forma pauperis [Doc. No. 3] is granted. After careful review, however, it is concluded
that Reed’s complaint [Doc. No. 1] should be dismissed.
I. IN FORMA PAUPERIS APPLICATION
Prisoners who are allowed to file civil actions in forma pauperis still must pay a
$350.00 filing fee. 28 U.S.C. §1915(b)(1). Because these plaintiffs cannot afford to pay the
filing fee in a lump sum, money is withdrawn from their prison trust fund accounts in
monthly installments. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1)-(2).
Based on information in the calculation sheet attached to Reed’s IFP application, he
does not have sufficient funds to pay any part of the filing fee at this time. His custodians,
however, are obligated to collect monthly payments equal to 20% of the preceding month’s
income credited to Reed’s prison trust account each time the amount in the account exceeds
$10.00, until the $350.00 filing fee is paid in full. These payments should be clearly
identified by the name and number assigned to this action. The clerk of the court is directed
to send a copy of this order to the Arkansas Department of Correction Trust Fund Centralized
Banking Office, P.O. Box 8908, Pine Bluff, Arkansas 71611, the Arkansas Department of
Correction Compliance Division, P.O. Box 20550, Pine Bluff, Arkansas 71612, and the
Warden/Director of the Ouachita County Detention Center, 109 Goodgame Street, Camden,
In cases filed by prisoners against state actors, any claim that is frivolous or malicious,
fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a
defendant who is immune from such liability must be dismissed. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b).
Here, Reed has sued Shaun Hair, a public defender for Crittenden County, Boone
Nance, prosecuting attorney for Crittenden County, and the State of Arkansas, seeking
release from custody and money damages.
A public defender is not acting under color of state law when performing a lawyer’s
traditional functions as counsel to a defendant in a criminal proceeding. Polk County v.
Dodson, 454 U.S. 312, 325 (1981); see also Finch v. Miller, 491 F.3d 424, 427 (8th Cir.
2007). Because Hair is not a state actor, Reed has no federal claim against him. Likewise,
Nance, as a prosecuting attorney, is immune from civil liability under § 1983. Imbler v.
Pachtman, 424 U.S. 409, 431 (1976). This is true because “absolute immunity covers
prosecutorial functions such as the initiation and pursuit of a criminal prosecution, the
presentation of the state’s case at trial, and other conduct that is intimately associated with
the judicial process.” Brodnicki v. City of Omaha, 75 F.3d 1261, 1266 (8th Cir. 1996).
Similarly, the State of Arkansas cannot be sued for money damages because it has not
waived its sovereign immunity, nor did Congress abrogate that immunity when it enacted §
1983. See Hadley v. N. Ark. Cmty. Tech. Coll., 76 F.3d 1437, 1438 (8th Cir. 1996).
Even if defendants were subject to suit under § 1983, Reed’s claims would still fail
because he cannot seek release from custody in an action brought under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
That relief can only be granted in a habeas corpus action. Wilson v. Lockhart, 949 F.2d 1051,
1051-52 (8th Cir. 1991).
Therefore, Reed’s claims are dismissed with prejudice. It is also certified that an in
forma pauperis appeal of this dismissal would be frivolous and not taken in good faith.
Further, this dismissal will count as a “strike” for purposes of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).
IT IS SO ORDERED this 6th day of November 2013.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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