Perez v. Osceola, City of et al
ORDER dismissing defendants City of Osceola, Mike Gibson, David Gladent, and Terry Hodges. Service is appropriate for defendant Christopher Ellis. The Clerk shall issue summons and the U.S. Marshal shall serve a copy of the summons and 6 Amended Complaint on Ellis without prepayment of fees and costs or security therefore. Plaintiff's 3 Motion to Appoint Counsel is denied without prejudice. Signed by Chief Judge Brian S. Miller on 4/29/2014. (jak)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
TOMMY PEREZ, JR.
CASE NO. 3:14CV00066 BSM
CITY OF OSCEOLA, et al.
Following review of Tommy Perez, Jr.’s amended complaint, defendants City of
Osceola, Mike Gibson, David Gladent, and Terry Hodges are dismissed. Perez’s motion for
appointment of counsel [Doc. No. 3] is denied without prejudice.
The Prison Litigation Reform Act requires federal courts to screen prisoner complaints
seeking relief against a governmental entity, officer, or employee. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a).
A complaint, or portion thereof, must be dismissed if the prisoner has raised claims that are
legally frivolous or malicious, fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seek
monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b).
When making that determination, the factual allegations in the complaint must be accepted
as true. Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009); Reynolds v. Dormire, 636 F.3d 976, 979
(8th Cir. 2011).
As a preliminary matter, Perez’s amended complaint does not name the City of
Osceola or Gibson as defendants. Accordingly, the city and Gibson are dismissed.
Hodges is dismissed because Perez fails to state a claim upon which relief may be
granted. Although Perez complains that Hodges harassed him and never provided him the
opportunity to make a statement during an interview, Perez does not allege facts to support
a constitutional claim against Hodges. Moreover, allegations of harassment or threats do not
constitute a § 1983 claim. King v. Olmsted County, 117 F.3d 1065, 1067 (8th Cir. 1997).
Accordingly, Hodges is dismissed.
Gladent is dismissed because he cannot be sued under a theory of respondeat superior.
Perez’s allegation against Gladent is based on Gladent’s position as acting chief of the
Osceola police department, and his “lack of proper supervision of his officers.” Supervisory
liability, however, is limited in § 1983 actions, and a supervisor cannot be held liable on a
theory of respondeat superior for his or her employee’s allegedly unconstitutional actions.
See White v. Holmes, 21 F.3d 277, 280 (8th Cir. 1994). A supervisor incurs liability only
when personally involved in the constitutional violation or when the corrective inaction
constitutes deliberate indifference toward the violation. Choate v. Lockhart, 7 F.3d 1370,
1376 (8th Cir. 1993). As Perez does not allege any knowledge or personal involvement by
Gladent, Gladent is dismissed. Service is appropriate, however, with respect to Perez’s
allegations against Christopher Ellis.
Finally, Perez’s motion for appointment of counsel [Doc. No. 3] is denied without
prejudice because there is no right to appointed counsel in a civil case. See Stevens v.
Redwing, 146 F.3d 538, 546 (8th Cir. 1998). Counsel may be appointed depending upon (1)
the factual and legal complexity of the case; (2) the plaintiff’s ability to investigate the facts;
(3) the presence or absence of conflicting testimony; and (4) the plaintiff’s ability to present
his claims. Johnson v. Williams, 788 F.2d 1319, 1322–23 (8th Cir. 1986). Having
considered the above factors, Perez’s motion is denied at this time.
Defendants City of Osceola, Mike Gibson, David Gladent, and Terry Hodges
Service is appropriate for defendant Christopher Ellis. The clerk shall issue
summons and the United States Marshal shall serve a copy of the summons and amended
complaint [Doc. No. 6] on Ellis without prepayment of fees and costs or security therefore.
Plaintiff’s motion to appoint counsel [Doc. No. 3] is denied without prejudice.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 29th day of April 2014.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?