Mitchell v. Gibson
ORDER denying 1 Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis. Plaintiff's Complaint is dismissed without prejudice. The Clerk is directed to close the case. Signed by Judge James M. Moody Jr. on 5/22/2017. (jak)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
Pending before this Court is the Plaintiff=s Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis and
Complaint. The Eighth Circuit has instructed that the decision of whether a complaint is
frivolous or malicious precedes the decision of whether to grant in forma pauperis status and
whether to order service of process. See Carney v. Houston 33 F.3d 893, 895 (8th Cir. 1994)
(quoting Gentile v. Missouri Dept. Of Corrections, 986 F.2d 214 (8th Cir. 1993)). AIf the
complaint is frivolous or malicious, the district court should dismiss it out of hand.@ Id. A
complaint is frivolous where it lacks an arguable basis in either law or fact. See Neitzke v.
Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325-27 (1989).
In this case, Plaintiff claims that Defendant L.D. Gibson violated his rights under 42
U.S.C. §1983. He states that Mr. Gibson, who is apparently Plaintiff’s attorney, has a conflict of
interest and is not acting in his best interest. Plaintiff is incarcerated at the Poinsett County
Detention Center in Harrisburg, Arkansas (Complaint, ECF No. 2).
“To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, a plaintiff must allege a violation of a
constitutional right committed by a person acting under color of state law.” Andrews v. City of
W. Branch, Iowa, 454 F.3d 914, 918 (8th Cir. 2006) (citing Lesher v. Reed, 12 F.3d 148, 150 (8th
Cir.1994); Alexander v. Peffer, 993 F.2d 1348, 1349 (8th Cir.1993)). “The conduct of counsel,
either retained or appointed, in representing clients, does not constitute action under color of
state law for purposes of section 1983 violations.” Holbird v. Armstrong-Wright, 949 F.2d 1019,
1020 (8th Cir. 1991) (citing Harkins v. Eldredge, 505 F.2d 802, 803 (8th Cir.1974) (per curiam);
see also Eling v. Jones, 797 F.2d 697, 699 (8th Cir.1986), cert. denied, 480 U.S. 917, 107 S.Ct.
1371, 94 L.Ed.2d 687 (1987)). Therefore, the Court finds that Plaintiff=s Complaint is frivolous
and dismisses the case without prejudice.
Plaintiff=s Motion to Proceed in forma pauperis (ECF No. 1) is DENIED. Plaintiff=s
Complaint is dismissed without prejudice. The Clerk is directed to close the case.
IT SO ORDERED this 22nd day of May, 2017.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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