Selvy v. Allen et al
ORDER directing Selvy to either submit the $400 filing fee or file an in forma pauperis motion within 30 days of the entry date of this Order. Plaintiff is directed to file an amended complaint within 30 days of the date of this Order. The Clerk is directed to send to Plaintiff an in forma pauperis motion together with the filing fee calculation sheet, and a 1983 complaint form. Signed by Magistrate Judge Jerome T. Kearney on 1/9/2019. (jak)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
MIKE ALLEN, et al.,
Plaintiff Selvy is an inmate who filed a Complaint (Doc. No. 1) pursuant to 42 U.S.C. '
1983, but did not submit the $400.00 filing fee or an in forma pauperis (IFP) Motion.
Under the Prison Litigation Reform Act (APLRA@), a prisoner who is permitted to file a
civil action in forma pauperis still must pay the full statutory filing fee of $350.1
28 U.S.C. '
1915(b)(1). The only question is whether a prisoner will pay the entire filing fee at the initiation
of the proceeding or in installments over a period of time. Ashley v. Dilworth, 147 F.3d 715, 716
(8th Cir. 1998). Even if a prisoner is without assets and unable to pay an initial filing fee, he/she
will be allowed to proceed with his/her '1983 claims and the filing fee will be collected by the
Court in installments from the prisoner=s inmate trust account. 28 U.S.C. ' 1915(b)(4). If the
prisoner=s case is subsequently dismissed for any reason, including a determination that it is
frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim, or seeks monetary relief against a defendant who
is immune from such relief, the full amount of the $350 filing fee will be collected and no
portion of this filing fee will be refunded to the prisoner.
The PLRA requires a Plaintiff to submit a proper and complete Motion to Proceed In Forma
Effective May 1, 2013, the statutory filing fee for civil actions increased to $400, due to
the implementation of a $50 administrative fee. This $50 fee does not, however, apply to in
forma pauperis actions.
Pauperis, along with calculation sheet prepared and signed by an authorized officer of the detention
Plaintiff Selvy must submit, within thirty (30) days from entry of this Order, either: (1)
the statutory filing fee of $400; or (2) a proper and complete IFP Motion, with the required
calculation sheet signed by an authorized official of the detention center at which he is
The Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA) requires federal courts to screen prisoner
complaints seeking relief against a governmental entity, officer, or employee.
28 U.S.C. §
1915A(a). The Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims
that: (a) are legally frivolous or malicious; (b) fail to state a claim upon which relief may be
granted; or (c) seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief.
An action is frivolous if “it lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact.” Neitzke v.
Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). An action fails to state a claim upon which relief can be
granted if it does not plead “enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.”
Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007).
In reviewing a pro se complaint under § 1915(e)(2)(B), the court must give the complaint
the benefit of a liberal construction. Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972). The court must
also weigh all factual allegations in favor of the plaintiff, unless the facts alleged are clearly
baseless. Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 32 (1992); Scheuer v. Rhodes, 416 U.S. 232, 236
(1974). But regardless whether a plaintiff is represented or appearing pro se, the complaint must
allege specific facts sufficient to state a claim. See Martin v. Sargent, 780 F.2d 1334, 1337 (8th
Additionally, to survive a court's 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) and 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(c)(1)
screening, a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to “state a claim to
relief that is plausible on its face.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009), citing Twombly,
550 U.S. at 570. A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows
the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.
Twombly, 550 U.S. at 556-7. The plausibility standard is not akin to a “probability requirement,”
but it asks for more than a sheer possibility that a defendant has acted unlawfully. Where a
complaint pleads facts that are “merely consistent with” a defendant's liability, it “stops short of
the line between possibility and plausibility of entitlement to relief.” Id.
Plaintiff complains Defendants failed to resolve several issues submitted through
grievances, but he does not identify those issues, and does not include specific allegations against
any of the Defendants with respect to those issues. Therefore, his allegations are too vague to
support a constitutional claim for relief. The Court will provide Plaintiff the opportunity to amend
his Complaint in accordance with FED.R.CIV.P 8(a)(2), which requires a Ashort and plain statement
of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.@ Plaintiff is directed to file a short
Amended Complaint which sets forth one claim (referring to one incident) against named
Defendants, which he wishes to pursue in this case. (His other claims should be set forth in separate
lawsuits.) This Amended Complaint will render his Original Complaint without legal effect, and
will take the place of those pleadings.2 In the Amended Complaint, Plaintiff shall specifically and
”An amended complaint ‘ordinarily supersedes the original and renders it of no legal
effect.’” In Home Health, Inc. v. Prudential Ins. Co. Of America, 101 F.3d 600, 603 (8th Cir.
1996) (quoting International Controls Corp. v. Vesco, 556 F.2d 665, 668 (2d Cir. 1994) (other
clearly state the following: (1) the name of each individual personally involved in the actions
at issue in the complaint; (2) how each individual was personally involved in those actions;
(3) how each individual violated the Plaintiff's constitutional rights; 4) how he was harmed;
and 5) whether he was incarcerated as a pretrial detainee. Plaintiff must set forth specific
facts concerning the allegations he has set forth including, where applicable, dates, times and
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that:
Plaintiff Selvy must submit either the $400 statutory filing fee or an In Forma
Pauperis Motion, within thirty days of the entry date of this Order.3
In accordance with the above instructions, Plaintiff shall file an Amended
Complaint within thirty (30) days of the date of this Order. Failure to file an Amended Complaint
or to abide by the Court’s above instructions may result in dismissal of this action without
prejudice. See Local Rule 5.5(c)(2).
The Clerk is directed to send to Plaintiff an In Forma Pauperis Motion, together
with the filing fee calculation sheet, and a § 1983 complaint form.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 9th day of January, 2019.
JEROME T. KEARNEY
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
The Plaintiff is hereby notified of his responsibility to comply with the Local Rules of
the Court, including Rule 5.5(c)(2), which states: A... If any communication from the Court to a
pro se plaintiff is not responded to within thirty (30) days, the case may be dismissed without
prejudice. Any party proceeding pro se shall be expected to be familiar with and follow the
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.@
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