Green v. Social Security Administration
PROPOSED FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDED DISPOSITION recommending that the decision of the Commissioner be reversed and remanded for action consistent with this opinion. This would be a "sentence four" remand within the meaning of 42 U.S.C. 405(g) and Melkonyan v Sullivan, 501 U.S. 89 (1991). Objections to R&R due by 2/22/2008. Signed by Magistrate Judge John F. Forster, Jr. on 2/8/2008. (smb)
Green v. Social Security Administration
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS WESTERN DIVISION
WANDA J. GREEN v. MICHAEL J. ASTRUE, Commissioner, Social Security Administration, 1 4:06CV01720 JMM/JFF
PROPOSED FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDED DISPOSITION
INSTRUCTIONS This recommended disposition has been submitted to United States District Judge James M. Moody. The parties may file specific
objections to these findings and recommendations and must provide the factual or legal basis for each objection. The objections must be
filed with the Clerk no later than eleven (11) days from the date of the findings and recommendations. opposing party. The District A copy must be served on the even in the absence of
objections, may reject these proposed findings and recommendations in whole or in part. RECOMMENDED DISPOSITION
Plaintiff, Wanda J. Green, has appealed the final decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration to deny her claims for Disability Insurance benefits and Supplemental Security Income, based on disability. Both parties have submitted appeal
Michael J. Astrue was sworn in as the Commissioner of Social Security on February 12, 2007. He is therefore substituted for Jo Anne B. Barnhart pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 25(d)(1).
briefs and the case is ready for decision. The Court's function on review is to determine whether the Commissioner's decision is supported by substantial evidence on the record as a whole and free of legal error. Long v. Chater, 108 F.3d Substantial
185, 187 (8th Cir. 1997); see also, 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
evidence is such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion. Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401 (1971); Reynolds v. Chater, 82 F.3d 254, 257 (8th Cir. 1996). In assessing the substantiality of the evidence, the Court must consider evidence that detracts from the Commissioner's decision as well as evidence that supports it; the Court may not, however, reverse the Commissioner's decision merely because substantial Sultan v.
evidence would have supported an opposite decision.
Barnhart , 368 F.3d 857, 863 (8th Cir. 2004); Woolf v. Shalala, 3 F.3d 1210, 1213 (8th Cir. 1993). "Disability" is the "inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months." 42 U.S.C. § 423(d)(1)(A). A "physical or
mental impairment" is "an impairment that results from anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities which are demonstrable by medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic
42 U.S.C. § 423(d)(3).
Plaintiff alleged that she was limited in her ability to work by
Commissioner found that she was not disabled within the meaning of the Social Security Act. The only issue before this Court is whether the Commissioner's decision that Plaintiff was not disabled within the meaning of the Act is supported by substantial record evidence. After conducting an administrative hearing, the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) concluded that Plaintiff had not been under a disability within the meaning of the Social Security Act at any time through January 27, 2006, the date of his decision. November 3, 2006, the Appeals Council (Tr. 201) to On
jurisdiction, making the ALJ's decision the final decision of the Commissioner. (Tr. 186-89) Plaintiff then filed her complaint
initiating this appeal.
After consideration of the record as a whole, the Court finds that the decision of the Commissioner is not supported by substantial evidence and that the case should be remanded. Plaintiff was 37 years old at the time of the second hearing. 2 (Tr. 242) She graduated high school and obtained an Associates (Tr. 85, 242) She has past
Degree in medical records technology.
relevant work as an auditor, operator, cashier, nursing assistant and dishwasher. (Tr. 199-200, 250-53) Plaintiff's impairments by way of the The first step
The ALJ considered
required five-step sequential evaluation process.
involves a determination of whether the claimant is involved in Plaintiff appealed a prior adverse decision to this Court, which reversed and remanded. Green v. Barnhart, 4:04CV00654 JTR (Judgment, Aug. 22, 2005) (Tr. 209-19) 3
substantial gainful activity. 416.920(a)(4)(i) (2005).
20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)(4)(i);
If the claimant is, benefits are denied,
regardless of medical condition, age, education or work experience. Id. at §§ 404.1520(b); 416.920(b). Step 2 involves a determination of whether the claimant has an impairment or combination of impairments which is "severe" and meets the duration requirement. Id. at §§ 404.1520(a)(4)(ii); Id. A "severe"
If not, benefits are denied.
impairment significantly limits a claimant's ability to perform basic work activities. Step 3 Id. at §§ 404.1520(c); 416.920(c). a or determination equals a of whether the severe Id.,
§§ 404.1520(a)(4)(iii); 416.920(a)(4)(iii). If so, and the duration requirement is met, benefits are awarded. Id.
If the claimant does not meet or equal a Listing, then a residual functional capacity assessment is made. Id.,
§§ 404.1520(a)(4); 416.920(a)(4). This residual functional capacity assessment is utilized at Steps 4 and 5. Id.
Step 4 involves a determination of whether the claimant has sufficient residual functional capacity to perform past relevant work. Id., §§ 404.1520(a)(4)(iv); 416.920(a)(4)(iv). Id. If so,
benefits are denied.
Step 5 involves a determination of whether the claimant is able to make an adjustment to other work, given claimant's age, education and work experience. Id., §§ 404.1520(a)(4)(v); 416.920(a)(4)(v) . Id.
If so, benefits are denied; if not, benefits are awarded.
The ALJ found that Plaintiff had not engaged in substantial gainful activity since her alleged onset date. (Tr. 200) He found
that Plaintiff had "severe" impairments, carpal tunnel syndrome (postoperative) and a history of tendinitis of the thumb, but that she did not have an impairment or combination of impairments that met or equaled a Listing. Id. He judged that Plaintiff's allegations
were not borne out by the overall record and were not fully credible to the extent alleged. Id.
The ALJ found that Plaintiff retained the residual functional capacity for a wide range of light work, but could not perform jobs that required constant repetitive grasping and handling with the right hand. (Tr. 199, 200) Based on the testimony of a vocational
expert in response to a hypothetical question, the ALJ found that Plaintiff could return to her past relevant work as a cashier and as a quality control worker. (Tr. 200, 201) Consequently, the ALJ Id.
concluded that Plaintiff was not disabled.
Plaintiff advances several arguments, only one of which need be discussed, because it has merit. Plaintiff contends that the ALJ's
hypothetical question to the vocational expert was flawed. Marcia L. Hixson, M.D., performed surgery on Plaintiff's right hand and treated her for a number of years. She re-examined Plaintiff on July 18,
2001, and noted these restrictions:
Wanda Green was reexamined on 7-18-01. She has persistent stiffness and weakness with pain in both hands following strenuous activity. Ms. Green has permanent work restrictions due to her hand pain. These are that she should not perform tasks which require repetitive grasping and pinching. She can use a computer, but for short periods of time and with frequent breaks. Lifting, pushing and pulling are only slightly limited.
(Tr. 97) The ALJ's hypothetical question to the vocational expert reads as follows:
Q I want you to assume that you're dealing with an individual the same age as the claimant with the same educational background and past work experience, further assume that the individual is limited to light work exceptionally,3 but the individual could not do jobs that required constant repetitive grasping and handling with the right hand. Now with this profile, could this individual perform any of the claimant's past jobs?
(Tr. 253-54)(emphasis added). Dr. Hixson restricted Plaintiff from "repetitive grasping and pinching." (Tr. 97) The ALJ's hypothetical restricted "constant
4 There is an obvious difference.
repetitive grasping and handling."
The ALJ seems to have adopted Dr. Hixson's restrictions, but grafted "constant" into them without explaining why or pointing to substantial evidence which would support that modification. It is well settled that a hypothetical question posed to a vocational expert must fully set forth a claimant's impairments. E.g., Totz v. Sullivan , 961 F.2d 727, 730 (8th Cir. 1992). A
hypothetical question posed to a vocational expert must capture the concrete consequences of claimant's deficiencies. England v. Astrue, F.3d 1017, 1023 (8th Cir. 2007); Lacroix v. Barnhart , 465 F.3d 881, 889 (8th Cir. 2006); Pickney v. Chater , 96 F.3d 294, 297 (8th Cir. 1996).
No doubt, this should read "exertionally."
Even if the difference were not obvious, it was pointed out as a deficiency in the first decision reversing and remanding. (Tr. 218) It is not necessary to repeat what was said in that decision.
The ALJ's hypothetical question was not supported by substantial evidence. Based on the preceding and the record as a whole, the Court finds that the ALJ's decision is not supported by substantial
evidence. Therefore, the ruling of the Commissioner must be reversed and the matter remanded for a reevaluation and the asking of a proper hypothetical, if a hypothetical question is required. THEREFORE, it is hereby RECOMMENDED that the decision of the Commissioner be reversed and remanded for action consistent with this opinion. This would be a
"sentence four" remand within the meaning of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) and Melkonyan v. Sullivan , 501 U.S. 89 (1991). DATED this 8 th day of February, 2008.
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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