Terry et al v. B&T Transportation Inc et al
ORDER denying 10 Motion to Dismiss Party. Signed by Judge Brian S. Miller on 5/25/11. (kpr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
SCOTT TERRY and JOHN and
CASE NO. 4:11-CV-0070 BSM
B&T TRANSPORTATION, INC. and
Karen Baer moves to dismiss [Doc. No. 10] plaintiffs’ complaint against her for lack
of personal jurisdiction. Plaintiffs object. [Doc. No. 17]. For the reasons set forth below, the
motion to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction is DENIED.
The Arkansas long-arm statute authorizes jurisdiction over nonresident persons to the
maximum extent permitted by the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Ark.
Code. Ann. § 16-4-101. To satisfy the requirements of the Fourteenth Amendment, a
nonresident must have sufficient minimum contacts with Arkansas such that personal
jurisdiction does not offend notions of fair play and substantial justice. International Shoe
Co. v. Washington, 326 U.S. 310, 316 (1945).
The Eighth Circuit has articulated five factors to help determine the sufficiency of a
nonresident defendant’s contacts with Arkansas: (1) the nature and quality of the contacts
with the forum state; (2) the quantity of such contacts; (3) the relation of the cause of action
to the contacts; (4) the interest of the forum state in providing a forum; and (5) the
convenience of the parties. Burlington Industries, Inc. v. Maples Industries, Inc., 97 F.3d
1100, 1102 (8th Cir. 1996).
Baer is a resident of Indiana. In the brief supporting her motion, she claims to have
no contacts with Arkansas. Based on this lack of contacts, she argues that she is not subject
to the personal jurisdiction of a court sitting in Arkansas. Baer, however, has submitted no
evidence or verifying affidavits to substantiate her claims.
Plaintiffs, on the other hand, submitted the affidavit of Scott Terry describing the
business contacts he and Baer have had in Arkansas. Pl.’s Br. Ex. A. According to Scott,
Baer has visited Arkansas frequently. It is was during one these visits that Scott and Baer
decided to start B&T Transportation. While Scott worked at B&T, he and Baer maintained
extensive business and personal contact. This contact included business meetings in
Arkansas. Scott also submitted documents that show Baer engages in brokerage sales to
customers in Arkansas on a regular basis. Id. From this evidence it appears that Baer has
substantial contacts with Arkansas.
Baer tries to minimize the legal impact of her contacts with Arkansas by arguing that
she has only acted in her representative capacity as an officer of B&T. According to Baer,
this prevents an Arkansas court’s jurisdiction from reaching her personally. To support this
position she cites Frank v. Steel, Judge, 485 S.W.2d 737 (1972). Frank, however, does not
support Baer’s position. In that case, the Arkansas Supreme Court fell short of holding that
an officer acting in her representative capacity can never be subject to personal jurisdiction
in Arkansas. Id. Instead, the Court engaged in a detailed factual inquiry to determine the
specific personal connections of the defendant in that case to the state of Arkansas. The
evidence before the Court showed that the plaintiff had never personally met with defendant
in Arkansas, had never seen the defendant in Arkansas, and that the defendant had not even
negotiated the disputed contract. Id. at 738. Under those circumstances, the Arkansas
Supreme Court held that an Arkansas court had no personal jurisdiction over the defendant.
In this case, however, Baer has met with Scott in Arkansas on multiple occasions to
discuss the business of B&T. Additionally, whereas in Frank the defendant perfunctorily
approved a contract, the relationship between Baer and Scott involved substantial personal
contact and extensive dealings. Based on these facts, it appears that Baer has purposely
availed herself of the privilege of conducting activities within Arkansas. Id. at 738.
Not only does Baer have substantial contacts with Arkansas, her contacts are closely
related to this cause of action. At the heart of this case is the dispute over Scott Terry’s
ownership interest in B&T. According to Scott’s affidavit, Baer contacted him in Arkansas
on a number of occasions to discuss the business of B&T. This contact included meetings in
A relationship between the defendant, the forum, and the litigation is the essential
foundation of personal jurisdiction. Shaffer v. Heitner, 443 U.S. 186, 204 (1977). That
relationship exists in this case. Moreover, Arkansas has an obvious interest in providing a
forum for disputes arising from business that occurs in the state.
Baer argues that Arkansas is not the most convenient forum for her, but inconvenience
does not amount to a denial of due process. McGee v. International Life Insurance Co., 355
U.S. 220, 224 (1957). The fact that Baer has maintained systematic and ongoing business
in the state means that she has the minimum contacts required for due process. Pursuant to
the Arkansas long-arm statute, which authorizes a court sitting in the state to exercise
personal jurisdiction to the maximum extent allowed by the due process clause of the United
States Constitution, this court has personal jurisdiction over Baer. Ark. Code. Ann. § 16-4101. As such, the motion to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction [Doc. No. 10] is
IT IS SO ORDERED this 25th day of May, 2011.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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