Brooks v. Internal Revenue Service
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER granting deft's 3 MOTION to Dismiss; pltf's complaint is dismissed with prejudice; pltf's 4 MOTION to Remand to State Court is denied; judgment will be entered accordingly. Signed by Judge Susan Webber Wright on 2/9/12. (vjt)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
DWIGHT ELLIS BROOKS,
INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE,
NO: 4:12CV00016 SWW
Memorandum Opinion and Order
In January 2006, the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) notified plaintiff that he owed
taxes for the year 2002. Plaintiff filed a complaint against the IRS in state court on November
28, 2011.1 Defendant timely removed the case and now moves for dismissal under Fed.R.Civ.P.
12(b) (1) and (5). Plaintiff did not respond to the motion.2
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(i) provides that service upon the United States3 shall
be effected by delivering a copy of the summons and complaint to the United States Attorney for
the district in which the action is brought and by sending a copy of the summons and complaint
The complaint was signed and notarized on January 21, 2006. See Compl. at 3.
Plaintiff filed a motion to remand on the same date the defendant filed a motion to dismiss. See
docket entry 4. The defendant responded to plaintiff’s motion.
Plaintiff improperly named the Internal Revenue Service; the only proper party is the United
States. See 26 U.S.C. § 7422(f) and 28 U.S.C. § 1346(a)(1).
to the Attorney General of the United States in Washington, D.C. The IRS received a summons
and copy of the complaint on December 12, 2011. Plaintiff did not serve the Attorney General.
Therefore, the Court finds the complaint should be dismissed for insufficient service of process.
The Court further finds that it lacks subject matter jurisdiction. The United States is
immune from suit unless specifically authorized by federal statute. Lehman v. Nakshain, 453
U.S. 156 (1981). It appears plaintiff is seeking a refund of taxes and an order restraining the
IRS’s collection of taxes and penalties assessed against him for the 2002 tax year. Plaintiff fails
to allege any statute that provides the Court with jurisdiction to hear this case. In addition,
before filing a refund suit, a plaintiff must file a claim for refund with the Secretary of the
Treasury. See 26 U.S.C. § 7422. Plaintiff makes no allegation that he filed such a claim as
required by § 7422. Further, the statute of limitations for filing a claim with the Secretary has
expired. Title 26 United States Code Section 6511 provides:
Claim for credit or refund of an overpayment of any tax imposed by this title in
respect of which the taxpayer is required to file a return shall be filed by the
taxpayer within 3 years from the time the return was filed or 2 year from the time
the tax was paid, whichever of such periods expires the later, or if no return was
filed by the taxpayer, within 2 years from the time the tax was paid.
Plaintiff’s complaint states he did not file a return for 2002.4 Section 6511 therefore
required him to file a claim within 2 years of the payment. Plaintiff alleges he “paid federal
taxes for the year 2002.”5 He does not allege how much he paid in taxes for 2002 or when he
paid such taxes, but he signed the complaint before a notary on January 21, 2006. Therefore, he
alleges that as of January 21, 2006, he paid taxes for 2002. To the extent that all or part of the
Compl. at 1.
tax was paid, based on the date of the complaint, the 2-year statute of limitations for plaintiff to
file a refund claim expired no later than January 21, 2008. Plaintiff makes no allegation that he
filed a claim for refund with the Secretary within this period. Therefore, the statute of
limitations for filing a claim is expired.
Finally, to the extent plaintiff seeks to restrain the collection of taxes, such claims are
barred by the Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201, and the Anti-Injunction Act, 26
U.S.C. § 7421.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that defendant’s motion to dismiss [docket entry 3] is
granted.6 Plaintiff’s complaint is dismissed with prejudice. A separate judgment will be
DATED this 9th day of February, 2012.
/s/Susan Webber Wright
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Plaintiff’s motion to remand [docket entry 4] is denied.
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