Krupicki v. Eagle One Inc
ORDER granting 32 Motion to Compel. Signed by Judge Kristine G. Baker on 1/22/13. (kpr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
INDIVIDUALLY AND ON BEHALF
OF OTHERS SIMILARLY SITUATED
No. 4:12-cv-150 KGB
EAGLE ONE, INC.,
a/k/a EAGLEONE LOGISTICS,
a/k/a PRINT N’ MAIL
Before the Court is defendant’s motion to compel (Dkt. No. 32). Plaintiff has responded.
The Court conducted a telephone hearing on defendant’s motion on January 4, 2013.
Defendant’s motion is granted.
Defendant propounded written discovery to plaintiff on or about October 30, 2012.
Plaintiff served its responses and objections to defendant’s discovery on November 28, 2012.
Defendant challenges the sufficiency of plaintiff’s responses to Interrogatory Nos. 9 and 12 and
Request for Production Nos. 1, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, and 17.
Interrogatory No. 9 seeks information regarding plaintiff’s income since the date of his
termination. Similarly, Request for Production No. 11 seeks information relating to plaintiff’s
efforts to secure employment after he was terminated. The Court overrules plaintiff’s objection.
The information sought is relevant to the claims and defenses in the case, including but not
limited to the issue of mitigation of damages. Plaintiff is ordered to supplement his responses to
Interrogatory No. 9 and Request for Production No. 11 within ten days of the entry of this Order.
Interrogatory No. 12 and Request for Production Nos. 13, 14, and 15 seek tax information
for plaintiff and his business, Picki Logistics, Inc. Request for Production Nos. 12 and 17 seek
bank records and financial statements for Picki Logistics, Inc. Defendant contends this financial
information is relevant to whether plaintiff is an employee or an independent contractor under
the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”).
The Court uses an “economic realities” test to determine whether an individual is an
employee or independent contractor for purposes of the FLSA. Goldberg v. Whitaker House
Coop., Inc., 366 U.S. 28 (1961).
“[T]he focus is on whether the individual is economically
dependent on the business to which he renders service or is, as a matter of economic fact, in
business for himself.” Gilzow v. Lender’s Title Co., 2006 WL 522472 (W.D. Ark. 2006)
(quoting Baker v. Flint Eng’g & Constr. Co., 137 F.3d 1436 (10th Cir. 1998)). Relevant factors
include: (1) the degree of control exercised by the alleged employer; (2) the worker’s investment
in the business; (3) the degree to which the worker’s opportunity for profit and loss is determined
by the alleged employer; (4) the skill and initiative in performing the job; (5) the permanency of
the relationship; and (6) the extent to which the work is an integral part of the alleged employer’s
During the hearing on defendant’s motion, the Court indicated that defendant was entitled
to some financial information and gave the parties until January 16, 2013 to reach an agreement
regarding this discovery dispute. The parties report they are unable to reach agreement.
Several district courts have concluded that an FLSA plaintiff’s individual and business
tax information is relevant under the economic realities test. See, e.g., Rafeedie v. L.L.C., Inc.,
2011 WL 5352826 (W.D. Tex. 2011); In re Fedex Ground Package Sys., 2006 WL 3755311
(N.D. Ind. 2006); see also, e.g., Browning v. CEVA Freight, LLC, 2012 WL 3308112 (E.D.N.Y.
2012) (noting that FLSA plaintiff’s business took tax deductions for expenses incurred in
providing delivery services); Mack v. Talasek, 2012 WL 1067398 (S.D. Tex. 2012) (noting that
FLSA plaintiffs’ income tax returns showed that plaintiffs deducted business related expenses for
transportation, equipment, supplies, insurance, and other costs). But see Nesselrodte v. Diva’s,
LLC, 2012 WL 2061523 (N.D. W. Va. 2012) (noting that tax information was obtainable through
less intrusive means, including through interrogatories, requests for admissions, and depositions).
The Court is aware of no controlling authority from the Eighth Circuit on this issue.
Plaintiff states in his response that “many courts, including district courts within the
Eighth Circuit, require a heightened showing of necessity, or the demonstration of a compelling
need before ordering the disclosure of tax documents.” None of the cases cited by plaintiff
involved a claim under the FLSA. Accordingly, and in light of the foregoing authorities, the
Court overrules plaintiff’s objection. The information defendant seeks is relevant to the claims
and defenses in this case. Plaintiff should supplement his responses to Interrogatory No. 12 and
Request for Production Nos. 12, 13, 14, 15, and 17 and provide defendant with all necessary
authorizations for the requested tax information and bank records within ten days of the date of
The Court understands from the telephone hearing that plaintiff has produced all
documents in his possession responsive to Request for Production Nos. 1, 8, and 10. Plaintiff
should supplement his responses to Request for Production Nos. 1, 8, and 10 to so state within
ten days of the date of this Order.
SO ORDERED this 22nd day of January, 2013.
Kristine G. Baker
United States District Judge
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