Bryant v. USA
ORDER granting defendant's 3 Motion to Dismiss. This case is dismissed without prejudice, and all pending motions are denied as moot. Signed by Judge Kristine G. Baker on 8/30/13. (kpr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
DONALD A. BRYANT
Case No. 4:13-cv-00376-KGB
UNITED STATES ATTORNEY
Before the Court is defendant United States Attorney’s motion to dismiss (Dkt. No. 3).
Defendant requests the dismissal of plaintiff Donald A. Bryant’s complaint pursuant to Rules
12(b)(1) and 12(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. For the reasons stated below, the
motion is granted (Dkt. No. 3).
Mr. Bryant filed his complaint against Jane Duke, former First Assistant to the United
States Attorney for the Eastern District of Arkansas (Dkt. No. 1). His complaint is silent as to
the capacity in which he brings his suit against Ms. Duke. Therefore, the Court presumes Mr.
Bryant only brings claims against Ms. Duke in her official capacity. See Baker v. Chisom, 501
F.3d 920, 923 (8th Cir. 2007). Mr. Bryant’s official-capacity claims are treated as a suit against
the United States and are, therefore, barred by sovereign immunity absent a clear and
unequivocal waiver. See Buford v. Runyon, 160 F.3d 1199, 1201 (8th Cir. 1998) (“It is well
settled that an official-capacity suit is, in all respects other than name, to be treated as a suit
against the entity.”) (internal quotations omitted); Coleman v. Espy, 986 F.2d 1184, 1189 (8th
Cir. 1993) (“The United States can only be sued when it has expressly given its consent to be
sued. This consent must be clear and unequivocal and it will not be simply implied. . . .
Sovereign immunity bars claims against federal officials in their official capacity unless a waiver
is unequivocally expressed by Congress.”) (citations omitted).
Sovereign immunity is
jurisdictional in nature. F.D.I.C. v. Meyer, 510 U.S. 471, 475 (1994). Absent waiver, the Court
lacks jurisdiction in this case. United States v. Mitchell, 463 U.S. 206, 212 (1983) (“It is
axiomatic that the United States may not be sued without its consent and that the existence of
consent is a prerequisite for jurisdiction.”).
Mr. Bryant has not argued or shown that Congress has waived sovereign immunity for
his claims against a United States Attorney.
jurisdiction over his claims.
Therefore, the Court lacks subject-matter
Accordingly, Mr. Bryant’s complaint is dismissed without
prejudice. Charchenko v. City of Stillwater, 47 F.3d 981, 985 (8th Cir. 1995) (“Under Rule 41(b)
of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, dismissal for lack of jurisdiction is not an adjudication
on the merits and thus such a dismissal should be without prejudice.”).
In addition, Mr. Bryant’s complaint is subject to dismissal under Rule 12(b)(6) of the
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.
“To survive a motion to dismiss, the factual allegations in a complaint, assumed true, must
suffice ‘to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’” Northstar Indus., Inc. v. Merrill
Lynch & Co., 576 F.3d 827, 832 (8th Cir. 2009) (quoting Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550
U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). The complaint is construed most favorably to the nonmoving party. Id.
A pro se complaint is construed liberally, but it still must include “enough facts to support the
claims advanced.” Stone v. Harry, 364 F.3d 912, 914 (8th Cir. 2004); Cunningham v. Ray, 648
F.2d 1185, 1186 (8th Cir. 1981) (“pro se litigants must set [a claim] forth in a manner which,
taking the pleaded facts as true, states a claim as a matter of law.”).
Mr. Bryant has not met this standard. He has not articulated any clear factual or legal
basis for relief.
Although Mr. Bryant’s complaint names Ms. Duke as the defendant, his
complaint appears to arise from the same set of events at issue in Mr. Bryant’s previous suits in
this District against the Texas Lottery Commission, the Internal Revenue Service, and the
Department of the Treasury, in which he has sought to force those defendants to provide him
with various documents to relating to an alleged over-payment of taxes on past lottery winnings.
See Bryant v. Internal Revenue Service, et al., Case. No. 4:10-cv-01175-JLH; Bryant v. Internal
Revenue Service, et al., Case No. 4:10-cv-01978-BSM; Bryant v. Texas Lottery Commission, et
al., Case No. 4:10-cv-02039-SWW; Bryant v. Texas Lottery Commission, et al., Case No. 4:11cv-00051-DPM; Bryant v. Internal Revenue Service, et al., Case No. 4:09-cv-293-JMM; Bryant
v. Internal Revenue Service, et al., Case No. 4:09-cv-941-BSM. It is not clear why Mr. Bryant
has now brought a claim relating to these events against Ms. Duke, former First Assistant to the
United States Attorney. His complaint fails to state any factual or legal basis for relief against
Ms. Duke or the United States Attorney’s Office. Even construing Mr. Bryant’s complaint
liberally, the Court is unable to discern what cause of action Mr. Bryant intends to bring or the
exact relief he requests. Moreover, Mr. Bryant’s untimely response to the defendant’s motion
states, “Petitioner is in agreeance with motion to dismiss . . . .” (Dkt. No. 15). The Court
concludes that Mr. Bryant has failed to state a claim for which relief can be granted, and his
complaint should be dismissed.
For these reasons, defendant’s motion to dismiss is granted (Dkt. No. 3). This case is
dismissed without prejudice. All pending motions are denied as moot.
SO ORDERED this 30th day of August, 2013.
Kristine G. Baker
United States District Judge
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