Brooks v. Beebe et al
ORDER granting 5 7 motions to dismiss. Pursuant to the judgment entered together with this order, this action is dismissed with prejudice. Signed by Judge Susan Webber Wright on 2/6/2014. (ks)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
DWIGHT ELLIS BROOKS
MIKE BEEBE, Governor of the State of
Arkansas, and JAMES M. MOODY,
United States District Judge for the
Eastern District of Arkansas
NO: 4:14CV00023 SWW
Dwight Ellis Brooks, proceeding pro se, commenced this lawsuit in the Lonoke County
Circuit Court, naming defendants Mike Beebe, the Governor of Arkansas, and James M. Moody,
United States District Judge for the Eastern District of Arkansas. Defendants removed the case
to this federal court and filed motions to dismiss pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6) of the Federal Rules
of Civil Procedure (ECF Nos., 5, 6, 7, 8).
Brooks has filed a response in opposition to
dismissal (ECF No. 11), and the matter is ready for decision. After careful consideration, and
for reasons that follow, Defendants’ motions are granted, and this case is dismissed with
A court must hold a plaintiff's pro se complaint “to less stringent standards than formal
pleadings drafted by lawyers.” Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972) (per curiam).
“Though pro se complaints are to be construed liberally, they still must allege sufficient facts to
support the claims advanced.” Stone v. Harry, 364 F.3d 912, 914 (8th Cir. 2004)(citations
A complaint cannot simply “[leave] open the possibility that a plaintiff might later
establish some ‘set of undisclosed facts' to support recovery[,]” Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly,
550 U.S. 544, 561, 127 S.Ct. 1955, 1968 (citations omitted), and facts must be plead with
enough specificity “to raise a right to relief above the speculative level.” Id. at 545, 127 S.Ct. at
1965 (citations omitted).
Brooks’s original complaint reads as follows: “Come Plaintiff . . . for due process and
equal protections of the laws for white people only under color of state laws as my great
grandfather was a white man as per Arkansas censor. Overt acts in Lonoke County.” ECF No.
2. Additionally, without explanation or meaningful context, Brooks cites Lonoke County
Circuit Court Case No. CV-2012-308. This Court’s records show that Brooks commenced the
cited case in state court, naming the United States Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) as
defendant. The USDA removed to this Court, and the case was dismissed eventually dismissed.
See Brooks v. United States Department of Agriculture, No. 4:12CV00409 BSM (E.D. Ark),
ECF Nos. 24, 25. Court records also show that before the case was dismissed, Brooks
inexplicably filed an amended complaint in the Lonoke County Circuit Court, Case No. CV2012-308. The case was again removed to this Court and reassigned the case number
4:13CV00341 JMM. By order and judgment entered August 1, 2013, Judge Moody dismissed
the case pursuant to the doctrine of res judicata. See Brooks v. United States Department of
Agriculture, No. 4:13CV00431 JMM (E.D. Ark), ECF Nos. 11, 12.
Brooks’s amended complaint filed in this case alleges that he “had no due process
hearing in the Lonoke County Circuit Court.” ECF No. 1-2, at 7. Brooks peppers his amended
pleading with legal terminology and phrases such as “obstruction of justice” and “abuse of
public office,” but he fails to set forth a single factual allegation describing what either
defendant did or failed to do in violation of his constitutional rights. Accordingly, Brooks fails
to state a cognizable claim for relief. See Christiansen v. West Branch Community School Dist.
674 F.3d 927, 934 (8th Cir. 2012)(noting that “a gallimaufry of labels, conclusions, formulaic
recitations, naked assertions” fail to state a claim upon which relief can be granted).
In addition, Judge Moody and Governor Beebe, both sued in their official capacities
only1 for monetary damages only, are immune from suit. It is well settled that judges have
absolute immunity from damages in a civil action when they act in their judicial capacity, unless
their actions are taken in the complete absence of all jurisdiction, see Stump v. Sparkman, 435
U.S. 349, 355-57 (1978); Martin v. Hendren, 127 F.3d 720, 721 (8th Cir. 1997), which is not
alleged here. And sovereign immunity, also known as Eleventh Amendment immunity, bars a
suit for money damages against a state official unless Congress has abrogated the state’s
immunity or the state consents to suit or waives its immunity. See Edleman v. Jordan, 415 U.S.
651, 663 (1974); Murphy v. Arkansas, 127 F.3d 750, 754 (1997). Here, the State has not
consented to suit or waived its immunity, and Congress did not abrogate the States’ sovereign
immunity when it enacted 42 U.S.C. § 1983. See Burk v. Beene, 948 F.2d 489, 492-93 (8th Cir.
The complaint does not specify the capacity in which the defendants are sued--thus it is
presumed that they are sued in their official capacities only. See Johnson v. Outboard Marine
Corp ., 172 F.3d 531, 535 (8th Cir.1999)( “This court has held that, in order to sue a public
official in his or her individual capacity, a plaintiff must expressly and unambiguously state so in
the pleadings, otherwise, it will be assumed that the defendant is sued only in his or her official
For the reasons stated, Defendants’ motions to dismiss (ECF Nos. 5, 7) are hereby
GRANTED. Pursuant to the judgment entered together with this order, this action is
DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE.
IT IS SO ORDERED THIS 6TH DAY OF FEBRUARY, 2014.
/s/Susan Webber Wright
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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