Engram v. Hobbs
ORDER finding that Petitioner's current proceeding in state court is unnecessarily delaying the resolution of his habeas petition and that this case should be reopened immediately; Petitioner has up to and including 15 days from the entry of this Order to file any objections to the Court's proposed course of action. Signed by Judge Susan Webber Wright on 3/20/12. (vjt)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
PINE BLUFF DIVISION
LARRY NORRIS, Director Arkansas
Department of Correction
NO: 5:02CV00010 SWW
On January 9, 2002, Petitioner, Andrew Raymond Engram, sentenced to death for
murder and confined at the Maximum Security Unit of the Arkansas Department of Correction,
commenced this action for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. On April 18,
2003, Petitioner requested leave to file an amended petition adding additional grounds for relief,
including a claim that he is mentally retarded and that his execution is barred under Atkins v.
Virginia, 536 U.S. 304, 122 S. Ct. 2242 (2002).
The Court granted the motion to amend, but raised the question of whether Petitioner had
exhausted his state remedies with respect to his Atkins claim. After briefing from the parties,
the Court determined that Petitioner had not presented the federal constitutional dimensions of
his Atkins claim to the state courts. Finding a substantial possibility that the Arkansas Supreme
Court would recall the mandate to consider Engram’s Atkins claim and noting that the Supreme
Court has left to the States “the task of developing appropriate ways to enforce the constitutional
restriction upon [their] execution of sentences, Atkins, 536 U.S. at 317, 112 S. Ct. at 2250, the
Court permitted Petitioner to dismiss his amended petition without prejudice in order to exhaust
any available state remedies with respect to his Atkins claim. Additionally, the Court granted
Petitioner leave to file a second amended petition that would relate back to his original,
timely-filed petition once he concluded his efforts to exhaust available remedies in state court.
The Court ordered Petitioner to file monthly status reports informing the Court of his progress
and stated, “If Petitioner is dilatory in exhausting his state remedies the Court will take action to
guarantee that this habeas action proceeds without delay.” Docket entry #447, at 13.
On December 16, 2004, the Arkansas Supreme Court denied Petitioner’s motion to recall
the mandate in his criminal case to consider his Atkins claim, and on June 27, 2005, the United
States Supreme Court denied his petition for writ of certiorari. See Engram v. State, 360 Ark.
140, 200 S.W.3d 367 (2004), cert. denied, 545 U.S. 1142, 125 S. Ct. 2965 (2005).
Subsequently, Petitioner informed the Court: “There is one additional avenue of relief under
Arkansas law that may be available to Petitioner and therefore needs to be pursued to ensure that
Petitioner has provided the state courts with the first opportunity to correct constitutional
deficiencies that have occurred and to fully exhaust his claims before returning to federal court.”
Docket entry #74.
According to Petitioner’s monthly status reports, on September 27, 2006, he
filed a petition for post-conviction relief in state court, which is still pending.
The Court finds that Petitioner’s current proceeding in state court is unnecessarily
delaying the resolution of his habeas petition and that this case should be reopened immediately.
Petitioner has up to and including fifteen (15) days from the entry date of this order in which to
file any objection to the Court’s proposed course of action.
IT IS SO ORDERED THIS 20TH DAY OF MARCH, 2012.
/s/Susan Webber Wright
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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