Grant v. Norris
PROPOSED FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that Petitioner's 2 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 2254, be DISMISSED summarily w/out prejudice for lack of jurisdiction, pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 cases. Recommending that Petitioner's 4 MOTION for Default Judgment be DENIED. Objections to R&R due by 2/22/2008. Signed by Magistrate Judge John F. Forster, Jr. on 2/8/2008. (smb)
Grant v. Norris
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS PINE BLUFF DIVISION ABRAHAM GRANT PETITIONER
NO. 5:07CV00315 JLH-JFF
LARRY NORRIS, Director, Arkansas Department of Correction
PROPOSED FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS I N S TR U C T I O N S The following recommended disposition has been sent to United States District Court Judge J. Leon Holmes. Any party may serve and file written objections to this recommendation. Objections should be specific and should include the factual or legal basis for the objection. If the objection is to a factual finding, specifically identify that finding and the evidence that supports your objection. An original and one copy of your objections must be received in the office of the United States District Court Clerk no later than eleven (11) days from the date of the findings and recommendations. The copy will be furnished to the opposing party. Failure to file timely objections may result in waiver of the right to appeal questions of fact. If you are objecting to the recommendation and also desire to submit new, different, or additional evidence, and to have a hearing for this purpose before the
District Judge, you must, at the same time that you file your written objections, include the following: 1. 2. W hy the record made before the Magistrate Judge is inadequate. W hy the evidence proffered at the hearing before the District Judge (if such a hearing is granted) was not offered at the hearing before the Magistrate Judge. The detail of any testimony desired to be introduced at the hearing before the District Judge in the form of an offer of proof, and a copy, or the original, of any documentary or other non-testimonial evidence desired to be introduced at the hearing before the District Judge.
From this submission, the District Judge will determine the necessity for an additional evidentiary hearing, either before the Magistrate Judge or before the District Judge. Mail your objections and "Statement of Necessity" to: Clerk, United States District Court Eastern District of Arkansas 600 West Capitol Avenue, Suite A149 Little Rock, AR 72201-3325 DISPOSITION Before the Court is the Petitioner's petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. For the reasons that follow, the Magistrate Judge recommends that the petition be dismissed summarily without prejudice for lack of jurisdiction. Following a jury trial in Phillips County Circuit Court in March of 2003, Petitioner was found guilty of the capital murder of Ms. Rosetta Pittman and first-degree battery of Ms. Louise Perry. He was sentenced to life imprisonment without parole on the capital murder conviction and five years' imprisonment on the first-degree battery
conviction, the sentences to run concurrently. Petitioner appealed to the Arkansas Supreme Court. As his sole point on appeal, Petitioner argued that the trial court erred in admitting into evidence statements made by Rosetta Pittman under the dying declaration exception to the hearsay rule. The Supreme Court found that Petitioner's argument was without merit and affirmed the judgment of the circuit court. Grant v. State, 357 Ark. 91, 161 S.W.3d 785 (2004). Petitioner did not seek post-conviction relief in state court pursuant to Rule 37 of the Arkansas Rules of Criminal Procedure. On February 22, 2005, Petitioner filed a habeas corpus petition in this Court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 challenging his capital murder and first-degree battery convictions. He raised the following grounds for relief: 1. 2. 3. 4. Petitioner was denied the right to a speedy trial; There is insufficient evidence to support Petitioner's convictions; The jury was unfair; W itnesses made conflicting statements;
5. Captain David Lovell changed his statement on the stand under oath "from that which was in the motion discovery on the investigation report sheet"; and 6. Counsel was ineffective and had a conflict of interest.
On October 3, 2005, the Magistrate Judge undersigned dismissed Petitioner's habeas petition with prejudice, finding that Claims 1, 3, and 6 were procedurally barred and that Petitioner's other claims were without merit. Grant v. Norris, No. 5:05CV00058 JFF (E.D. Ark. Oct. 3, 2005). Petitioner filed a notice of appeal, which the Eighth Circuit treated as an application for a certificate of appealability. On September 7, 2006, the -3-
Eighth Circuit denied the application for a certificate of appealability and dismissed Petitioner's appeal. Grant v. Norris, No. 05-4039 (8th Cir. Sept. 7, 2006). In 2006, Petitioner filed a pro se petition for writ of mandamus and a pro se petition for declaratory judgment in Phillips County Circuit Court. Each petition attacked the credibility of witnesses at Petitioner's trial and alleged errors by the trial court in admission of evidence at trial. On January 23, 2007, the circuit court denied the petitions, finding that the appropriate remedy for Petitioner's claims was an appeal from his convictions, not a petition for writ of mandamus or petition for a declaratory judgment. Petitioner appealed to the Arkansas Supreme Court. On May 3, 2007, the Arkansas Supreme Court dismissed Petitioner's appeal, holding that a mandamus action is not a substitute for an appeal and that declaratory judgment action is not a means to reargue evidentiary issues that could have been, or were, raised in a criminal trial. Grant v. State, No. CR 07-224, 2007 Ark. LEXIS 282 (Ark. Sup. Ct. May 3, 2007). On May 8, 2007, Petitioner filed a second § 2254 petition in this Court. He attacked his capital murder and first-degree battery convictions, contending that the jury sentenced him in violation of Arkansas statutes and rules of evidence and "on speculation and conflicting testimony." He also contended that the circuit court denied him a hearing on his petition for writ of mandamus and petition for declaratory judgment and that the Arkansas Supreme Court dismissed his appeal without holding a hearing "due to [his] being without counsel." He asserted that the state courts' actions violated his right to equal protection. On May 22, 2007, the Magistrate Judge issued proposed findings and recommendations, finding that Petitioner's petition was a second or
successive habeas application filed without authorization from the Eighth Circuit and recommending that the petition be dismissed summarily without prejudice for lack of jurisdiction. On May 30, 2007, Judge Holmes adopted the Magistrate Judge's findings and recommendation and summarily dismissed Petitioner's habeas petition without prejudice for lack of jurisdiction. Grant v. Norris, No. 5:07CV00097 JLH (E.D. Ark. May 30, 2007). On June 6, 2007, Petitioner filed a notice of appeal. On June 8, 2007, Judge Holmes denied Petitioner's application for a certificate of appealability. On July 5, 2007, the Eighth Circuit denied Petitioner's application for a certificate of appealability and dismissed his appeal. Grant v. Norris, No. 07-2359 (8th Cir. July 5, 2007). On or about June 5, 2007, Petitioner filed a petition to correct illegal sentence in Phillips County Circuit Court pursuant to Ark. Code Ann. § 16-90-111, asserting that his sentence for capital murder is illegal and violates his right to due process because he was not charged with that offense, but rather first-degree murder. The circuit court treated the petition as a Rule 37 petition and denied the petition on June 15, 2007, finding that it had no merit. Petitioner appealed to the Arkansas Supreme Court. For reversal, he argued, inter alia, that the circuit court violated his right to due process by changing the charge from first-degree murder to capital murder, an offense for which he was not charged. Petitioner's appeal is still pending. On December 18, 2007, Petitioner filed the pending § 2254 petition in this Court. He once again attacks his conviction for capital murder, contending that the circuit court violated his right to due process by sentencing him on the offense of capital murder, an
offense for which he was not charged, and by changing the charge from first-degree murder to capital murder. This Court has not ordered the Respondent to file an answer or response to the petition. Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts authorizes a district court to dismiss summarily a habeas corpus petition prior to any answer or other pleading by the State.1 Summary dismissal is appropriate under Rule 4 where the face of the petition and the court records, of which a federal district court can take judicial notice, indicate that the petition is a second or successive petition filed without authorization from the appropriate court of appeals. Harris v. Dretke, 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 14509 at ** 3-4 (N.D. Tex. July 28, 2004) (recommended disposition), adopted by order of district court, 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 16273 (N.D. Tex. Aug. 13, 2004); Scott v. Dretke, 2005 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 31269 at ** 3-5 (N.D. Tex. Dec. 6, 2005) (recommended disposition), adopted by order of district court, 2005 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 36300 (N.D. Tex. Dec. 28, 2005); Nash v. Beard, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 80218 at ** 1-5 (M.D. Pa. Oct. 17, 2006). Before filing a second or successive habeas
Rule 4 provides: The clerk must promptly forward the petition to a judge under the court's assignment procedure, and the judge must promptly examine it. If it plainly appears from the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court, the judge must dismiss the petition and direct the clerk to notify the petitioner. If the petition is not dismissed, the judge must order the respondent to file an answer, motion, or other response within a fixed time, or to take other action the judge may order. In every case, the clerk must serve a copy of the petition and any order on the respondent and on the attorney general or other appropriate officer of the state involved.
application in district court pursuant to § 2254, a petitioner is required to move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A). Section 2244(b)(3)(A) "acts as a jurisdictional bar to the district court's asserting jurisdiction over a successive habeas petition" until the court of appeals has granted the Petitioner permission to file one. Crone v. Cockrell, 324 F.3d 833, 836 (5th Cir. 2003); Williams v. Hopkins, 130 F.3d 333, 336 (8th Cir. 1997). From the face of the instant habeas petition and the court records, it is apparent that Petitioner's petition is a second or successive habeas application. Petitioner has not obtained authorization from the Eighth Circuit to file a second or successive habeas application. Accordingly, the Magistrate Judge recommends that Petitioner's habeas corpus petition be dismissed summarily without prejudice for lack of jurisdiction pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases. Petitioner has filed a motion for default judgment (docket entry # 4), alleging that the Respondent has failed to timely respond to Petitioner's habeas corpus petition. Because this Court lacks jurisdiction, the motion should be denied.2 THEREFORE, the Magistrate Judge recommends that Petitioner's petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 be dismissed summarily without prejudice for lack of jurisdiction pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 The Magistrate Judge notes that the Respondent has not been ordered to respond to Petitioner's habeas petition. In addition, a respondent's failure to timely respond to a federal habeas corpus petition does not entitle the petitioner to a default judgment. Allen v. Perini, 424 F.2d 134, 138 (6th Cir. 1970); Aziz v. Leferve, 830 F.2d 184, 187 (11th Cir. 1987); Bermudez v. Reid, 733 F.2d 18, 21-22 (2d Cir. 1984).
Cases. The Magistrate Judge recommends that Petitioner's motion for default judgment be denied. Dated this 8th day of February, 2008.
/s/ John F. Forster, Jr. UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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