Staley v. May et al
ORDER ADOPTING IN PART 45 PARTIAL REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS; this action is hereby STAYED pending disposition of State of Arkansas v. Albert J. Staley, in the Circuit Court of Randolph County, Arkansas, No. CV-2009-172; the Clerk is directed to terminate this action administratively. Signed by Chief Judge J. Leon Holmes on 11/28/11. (vjt)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
PINE BLUFF DIVISION
ALBERT J. STALEY,
No. 5:10CV00249 JLH-JTK
LARRY D. MAY, et al.
The Court has received proposed findings and recommendations from United States
Magistrate Judge Jerome T. Kearney. The plaintiff, Albert J. Staley, has filed timely objections.
After review of the proposed findings and recommendations and the timely objections, as well as
a de novo review of the record, the Court adopts the proposed findings and recommendations in part,
as will be explained.
Albert Staley alleges that the defendants have unlawfully seized his Social Security benefits
to pay the cost of his incarceration. It is undisputed that the State of Arkansas commenced a civil
action against Staley in the Circuit Court of Randolph County, Arkansas, pursuant to the Arkansas
State Prison Inmate Care and Custody Reimbursement Act, Ark. Code Ann. § 12-29-501 et seq., and
that that proceeding is ongoing. The funds at issue have been deposited into the registry of the
Court. So far as the record before the Court indicates, no final disposition of that action has been
The magistrate judge recommended that this action be dismissed pursuant to Younger v.
Harris, 401 U.S. 37, 91 S. Ct. 746, 27 L. Ed. 2d 669 (1971). The magistrate judge correctly states
that abstention pursuant to Younger is appropriate where there is an ongoing state court proceeding
that implicates important state interests and there is an adequate opportunity to raise any relevant
federal questions in the state proceeding. However, the Court may not dismiss an action for
damages unless the damages sought would require a declaration that a state statute is
unconstitutional. Yamaha Motor Corp. v. Stroud, 179 F.3d 598, 603 (8th Cir. 1999). In such a case,
a stay rather than a dismissal is the preferred procedure to use in abstaining. Id.
Here, Staley seeks compensatory and punitive damages. It remains to be seen whether his
request for relief would require a declaration that the state statute at issue is unconstitutional.
Accordingly, the Court will stay the present proceedings rather than dismiss Staley’s complaint.
For the reasons stated, this action is hereby stayed pending disposition of State of Arkansas
v. Albert J. Staley, in the Circuit Court of Randolph County, Arkansas, No. CV-2009-172. The
Clerk of the Court is directed to terminate this action administratively. Either party may file a
motion to reopen this action within sixty days after final disposition of the state court action
referenced above. If neither party files a motion to reopen within sixty days after final disposition
of that action, this action will be deemed dismissed without prejudice.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 28th day of November, 2011.
J. LEON HOLMES
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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