Bardin v. Wright et al
ORDER adopting in part 64 Proposed Findings and Recommendations and granting in part and denying in part 60 motion for summary judgment; dismissing Defendant Chaney as a party to this action; and dismissing Plaintiff's claims against Defendant Lightfoot without prejudice. Signed by Judge Susan Webber Wright on 1/28/2014. (ks)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
PINE BLUFF DIVISION
LEONIDAS O. BARDIN
F/K/A MATTHEW D. BARDIN
NO: 5:13CV00013 SWW/HDY
PAUL MATTHEW WRIGHT et al.
The Court has reviewed the Proposed Findings and Recommendations submitted by
United States Magistrate Judge H. David Young, and the objections filed. After carefully
considering the objections and making a de novo review of the record in this case, the Court
concludes that the Proposed Findings and Recommendations should be, and hereby are,
ADOPTED IN PART as this Court's findings.
Plaintiff, an inmate at the Varner Super Max Unit of the Arkansas Department of
Correction (“ADC”), brings this action against ADC officers Paul Matthew Wright (“Wright”)
and James Chaney (“Chaney”), claiming that Defendants violated the Eighth Amendment’s
prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. Plaintiff claims that on June 1, 2012, Wright
used excessive force against him by spraying him with chemical spray, and Chaney failed to
intervene and protect him from Wright’s use of excessive force.
Judge Young recommends that Defendants’ motion for summary judgment be denied and
that Plaintiff’s claims against Wright and Chaney proceed to a jury trial. In filed objections,
Defendants assert that Judge Young’s Proposed Findings are silent regarding the following
arguments asserted in support of Defendants’ motion for summary judgment: (1) that any
potential claims against Chaney must be dismissed for failure to exhaust administrative remedies
and (2) that all official capacity claims against Defendants must be dismissed pursuant to the
doctrine of sovereign immunity. For reasons that follow, the Court finds that these arguments
With respect to the exhaustion issue, the applicable ADC grievance procedure, set forth
under ADC Administrative Directive 10-32 (“AD 10-32"), requires that prisoners submit written
grievance forms stating specific complaints. See ECF No. 69-9. Plaintiff filed and exhausted a
prison grievance regarding the alleged use of excessive force giving rise to this lawsuit. See
ECF No. 66-2, 66-3(Grievance No. VSM-12-2297). Specifically, Plaintiff alleged that on July 1,
2012, at approximately 9:05 a.m., Chaney and Wright were collecting mattresses, which
antagonized inmates. The grievance contains detailed allegations regarding Wright’s alleged use
of excessive force, but it is silent as to any misconduct on Chaney’s part. Plaintiff’s failure to
grieve his failure-to-protect claim against Chaney, as required by the ADC grievance procedure,
deprived prison officials of the opportunity to investigate and resolve that claim. Accordingly,
the Court agrees that Plaintiff’s claim against Chaney must be dismissed for failure to exhaust.
See Champion v. Akins, No. 12-2467, 2013 WL 656797 (8th Cir. Feb. 25, 2013)(“While
[plaintiff] addressed [defendants] . . . in his grievances about [another officer], he did not state in
any exhausted grievance how [defendants] were involved in the grieved incidents, as required by
the Arkansas Department of Correction grievance policy.”).
Defendants also assert that Plaintiff’s official capacity claims for monetary relief are
barred under the doctrine of sovereign immunity. The Court agrees. Sovereign immunity, also
known as Eleventh Amendment immunity, bars suits for money damages against state officials
sued in their official capacities unless Congress has abrogated the state’s immunity or the state
consents to suit or waives its immunity. See Edleman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651, 663 (1974);
Murphy v. Arkansas, 127 F.3d 750, 754 (1997). Here, the State has not consented to suit or
waived its immunity, and Congress did not abrogate the States’ sovereign immunity when it
enacted 42 U.S.C. § 1983. See Burk v. Beene, 948 F.2d 489, 492-93 (8th Cir. 1991).
Finally, Defendants argue that there are no genuine issues for trial as to whether Wright
used reasonable force when he sprayed Plaintiff with pepper spray. A limited application of
pepper spray does not constitute cruel and unusual punishment when reasonably necessary to
subdue a recalcitrant prisoner. See Johnson v. Blaukat, 453 F.3d 1108, 1113 (8th Cir. 2006).
By declaration, Wright testifies that before he opened Plaintiff’s cell door and used chemical
agents, he gave Plaintiff a direct order to cease flooding his cell, and Plaintiff refused to comply.
However, Plaintiff testifies that Wright gave him no orders or warning before he sprayed him
two times. See Walker v. Bowersox, 526 F.3d 1186, 1189 (8th Cir. 2008)(finding jury issues as
to whether officer’s use of pepper spray was reasonable where officer gave no warning).
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED THAT:
The Proposed Findings and Recommendations (ECF No. 64) are ADOPTED IN
Defendants’ motion for summary judgment (docket entry #60) is GRANTED IN
PART AND DENIED IN PART.
Plaintiff may proceed with his claim that Defendant Paul Matthew Wright used
excessive force against him.
Plaintiff’s failure-to-protect claim against Defendant James Chaney is dismissed
for failure to exhaust administrative remedies, and Defendant Chaney is dismissed as a party to
Any claim regarding the condition of Plaintiff’s cell when he returned from his
shower is DISMISSED.
Plaintiff’s oral motion to voluntarily dismiss his claims against Defendant
Jonathan Lightfoot is GRANTED. Plaintiff’s claims against Lightfoot are DISMISSED
WITHOUT PREJUDICE, and Lightfoot’s name is removed as a party Defendant.
DATED this 28th day of January, 2014.
/s/Susan Webber Wright
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?