Muldrow v. Hobbs
ORDER ADOPTING 17 the recommended disposition. Muldrows claims are procedurally defaulted. A certificate of appealability will not issue because Muldrow has not made a substantial showing of a denial of a constitutional right. Because a certificate of appealability will not issue, it is certified that an in forma pauperis appeal would not be taken in good faith. Signed by Chief Judge Brian S. Miller on 3/31/2016. (kdr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
PINE BLUFF DIVISION
CASE NO. 5:14CV00298 BSM
WENDY KELLEY, Director,
Arkansas Department of Correction
The recommended disposition submitted by United States Magistrate Judge Jerome
T. Kearney has been reviewed. There were no objections. After careful consideration, the
recommended disposition is hereby adopted in all respects, with the following addition
regarding Muldrow’s procedurally defaulted claims.
Muldrow’s claims are procedurally defaulted because he is unable to show cause and
prejudice for the default, or actual innocence. Welch v. Lund, 616 F.3d 756, 760 (8th Cir.
2010). Muldrow is unable to show cause and prejudice “because his claim of actual
innocence was available at the time of his guilty plea.” Dejan v. United States, 208 F.3d 682,
685, (8th Cir. 2000). As for actual innocence, Muldrow must bring forth “new reliable
evidence not available at trial” and “must establish ‘that it is more likely than not that no
reasonable juror would have found petitioner guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.’” Amrine v.
Bowersox, 238 F.3d 1023, 1029 (8th Cir. 2001) (quoting Schlup v. Delo, 513 U.S. 298, 327
(1995)). Not only has Muldrow failed to present any new and reliable evidence, but he also
argues legal insufficiencies surrounding his plea, which does not satisfy the actual innocence
standard. Bousley v. United States, 523 U.S. 614, 623 (1998) (“It is important to note in this
regard that ‘actual innocence’ means factual innocence, not mere legal insufficiency.”).
Muldrow is unable to show that no reasonable juror would have found him guilty beyond a
reasonable doubt of first degree murder. Accordingly, Muldrow’s claims remain procedurally
A certificate of appealability will not issue because Muldrow has not made a
substantial showing of a denial of a constitutional right. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(1)-(2).
Because a certificate of appealability will not issue, it is certified that an in forma pauperis
appeal would not be taken in good faith. Fed. R. App. P. 24(a)(3)(A).
IT IS SO ORDERED this 31st day of March 2016.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?