Holloway v. Straughn et al
ORDER adopting 69 the recommended disposition; denying 58 Defendant William Straughn's motion for summary judgment; denying 67 Plaintiff Winston Holloway's motion to strike; and denying as moot 80 Holloway's motion to introduce document. Signed by Chief Judge Brian S. Miller on 9/9/2016. (kdr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
PINE BLUFF DIVISION
WINSTON MONROE HOLLOWAY,
CASE NO. 5:15CV00288 BSM
The recommended disposition submitted by United States Magistrate Judge Jerome
T. Kearney and plaintiff’s objections thereto have been reviewed. Additionally, parties were
permitted to submit additional evidence. See Doc. No. 76; Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3).
Defendant William Straughn submitted an addendum to his motion for summary judgment
[Doc. No. 77], and Plaintiff Winston Holloway submitted a response [Doc. No. 78].
Holloway’s sister also submitted a document [Doc. No. 79], and Holloway’s motion to
introduce this document [Doc. No. 80] is denied as moot because this document was
received. After careful consideration of all of these documents and a de novo review of the
record, the recommended disposition is hereby adopted, with the following analysis based
on the additional filings.
Holloway’s remaining claim in this lawsuit is a retaliation claim against the Warden
of the Arkansas Department of Correction Cummins Unit, William Straughn. Holloway
asserts that Straughn retaliated against him by transferring him to a more dangerous prison
because he filed a grievance. In his recommended disposition, Judge Kearney denied
Straughn’s motion for summary judgment based on a genuine dispute of material fact.
Straughn then filed an addendum in which he provided affidavits from employees at the
Arkansas Department of Correction’s Cummins Unit. See Doc. No. 77, Exs. 1-3. First,
Deputy Warden Jared Byers states that he arranged Holloway’s transfer, that it was a routine
transfer, and that Straughn did not instruct him to arrange the transfer. Byers Aff. ¶¶ 6, 9-10.
Second, Classification Officer Crystal Wood states that “Deputy Warden Byers most likely
instructed me to set up the Holloway transfer but I cannot precisely recall” and additionally
states, “To my memory, Warden Straughn did not instruct me to arrange this transfer. I do
not know if he was involved in this transfer at all.” Wood Aff. ¶¶ 3, 6. Third, Assistant
Classification Officer Tammy Shambley states that Crystal Wood instructed her to set up
Holloway’s transfer and that “Warden Straughn did not instruct me to arrange this transfer.
I do not know if he was involved in this transfer at all.” Shambley Aff. ¶¶ 3, 5.
Holloway disputes these three affidavits and continues to assert that Straughn
retaliated against him. Holloway’s sister, Patsy Rios, submitted a document in which she
recounts a telephone conversation she had with Straughn. See Doc. No. 79. According to
Rios, Straughn made the following two statements. First, Straughn said, “Sometime [sic]
when an inmate complains too much, we assume that he is unhappy here so we send him to
another unit where he can be happy.” Second, Rios states that, in a joking manner, Straughn
said, “Why? Is Winston ready to come back?”
Straughn makes two arguments for summary judgment. First, Straughn argues that
Holloway’s claim for retaliation must fail because Holloway cannot show that he would not
have been transferred “but for” the retaliatory reason. See Hazen v. Reagen, 16 F.3d 921, 926
(8th Cir. 1994). Second, Straughn now asserts that he is entitled to qualified immunity.
Because material disputes of fact remain, qualified immunity is denied to Straughn.
When considering qualified immunity, there are “two questions: (1) whether the plaintiff has
shown the violation of a statutory or constitutional right, and (2) whether that right was
clearly established at the time of the alleged misconduct.” Heartland Acad. Cmty. Church
v. Waddle, 595 F.3d 798, 805 (8th Cir. 2010). “Qualified immunity is ‘an immunity from suit
rather than a mere defense to liability’ and ‘is effectively lost if a case is erroneously
permitted to go to trial.’” Mathers v. Wright, 636 F.3d 396, 399 (8th Cir. 2011) (quoting
Mitchell v. Forsyth, 472 U.S. 511, 526 (1985)). Courts may address these two prongs in any
order. Pearson v. Callahan, 555 U.S. 223, 236 (2009).
First, it is clearly established that actions taken in retaliation for an inmate’s filing of
a grievance form in prison are actionable under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Nelson v. Shuffman, 603
F.3d 439, 449-50 (8th Cir. 2010) (citing Sprouse v. Babcock, 870 F.2d 450, 452 (8th Cir.
1989)). Thus, Straughn’s entitlement to qualified immunity is based on whether “the facts,
viewed in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, demonstrate” a violation of this clearly
established right. Jones v. McNeese, 675 F.3d 1158, 1161 (8th Cir. 2012).
Qualified immunity is denied because questions of fact remain, and these factual
disputes, viewed in the light most favorable to Holloway, make out a violation of a clearly
established right. Disputed facts cannot serve as the only basis for denying qualified
immunity, but the court must resolve disputed facts in favor of the non-moving party. See
O’Neil v. City of Iowa City, 496 F.3d 915, 917 (8th Cir. 2007). Although Straughn has
submitted three affidavits from employees at the Cummins Unit who say that Straughn was
not involved in the transfer, Straughn’s comments to Holloway’s sister potentially tell a
different story. A jury could hear those statements and believe that Straughn actually was
involved in the transfer. Thus, viewing these disputed facts in the light most favorable to
Holloway, the facts he has presented make out a violation of his right to be free from
retaliation for filing a grievance. This evidence suggests that Straughn knew of Holloway’s
clearly established right to file a grievance without being retaliated against, yet violated that
right. Accordingly, he is not entitled to qualified immunity.
Because a factual dispute remains, the recommended disposition is adopted, and
summary judgment is denied. While the three affidavits provide one side of the story, they
do not completely cure the genuine issues of material fact when they are considered
alongside the phone call between Straughn and Holloway’s sister. These factual issues
should proceed to a jury. Therefore, Straughn’s motion for summary judgment [Doc. No. 58]
is denied, and Holloway’s motion to strike exhibit [Doc. No. 67] is denied.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 9th day of September 2016.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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