Webb v. Social Security Administration Commissioner
ORDER granting 12 Motion for Attorney Fees; Plaintiff awarded attorney fees in the amount of $2,622.50, EAJA award by this Court should be made payable to plaintiff and not plaintiff's counsel. Signed by Honorable James R. Marschewski on July 19, 2011. (lw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
FORT SMITH DIVISION
GEORGE R. L. WEBB, III
CIVIL NO. 10-2032
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE, Commissioner
Social Security Administration
Plaintiff, George R. L. Webb III, appealed the Commissioner’s denial of benefits to this
court. ECF No. 1. On January 13, 2011, an order was entered remanding Plaintiff’s case to the
Commissioner pursuant to sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). ECF No. 11. Plaintiff now
moves for an award of $3045.00 in attorney’s fees under 28 U.S.C. § 2412, the Equal Access to
Justice Act (“EAJA”), requesting compensation for 15.60 attorney hours at a rate of $175.00 and
4.20 paralegal hours at $75.00. ECF No. 12. Defendant filed a response objecting to the
requested hourly rate of $175.00 and to the number of paralegal hours requested. ECF No. 14.
The Defendant also objects to the request that the award of fees be made to Plaintiff’s counsel.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A), the court must award attorney’s fees to a
prevailing social security claimant unless the Commissioner’s position in denying benefits was
substantially justified. The burden is on the Commissioner to show substantial justification for
the government’s denial of benefits. Jackson v. Bowen, 807 F.2d 127, 128 (8th Cir. 1986). After
reviewing the file, we find Plaintiff is a prevailing party in this matter. Under Shalala v.
Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 302 (1993), a social security claimant who obtains a sentence-four
judgment reversing the Commissioner’s denial of benefits and remanding the case for further
proceedings is a prevailing party.
An award of attorney’s fees under the EAJA is appropriate even though at the conclusion
of the case, Plaintiff’s attorney may be authorized to charge and collect a fee pursuant to 42
U.S.C. § 406(b)(1). Recovery of attorney’s fees under both the EAJA and 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)
was specifically allowed when Congress amended the EAJA in 1985. Gisbrecht v. Barnhart,
535 U.S. 789, 796, 122 S.Ct. 1817, 1822, 152 L.Ed.2d 996 (2002), citing Pub.L. 99-80, § 3, 99
Stat. 186 (1985).
To permit a fee award under the EAJA, assuming, of course, that the necessary
standard is met, in addition to that allowed by the district court out of a
claimant’s past-due benefits does no more than reimburse the claimant for his or
her expenses and results in no windfall for the attorney.
Meyers v. Heckler, 625 F.Supp. 228, 231 (S.D.Ohio 1985). Furthermore, awarding fees under
both acts facilitates the purpose of the EAJA, which is to shift to the United States the prevailing
party’s litigation expenses incurred while contesting unreasonable government action. Id. See
also Cornella v. Schweiker, 728 F.2d 978 (8th Cir.1984).
The EAJA further requires an attorney seeking fees to submit “an itemized
statement...stating the actual time expended and the rate at which fees and other expenses were
computed.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(B). Attorneys seeking fees under federal fee-shifting
statutes such as the EAJA are required to present fee applications with “contemporaneous time
records of hours worked and rates claimed, plus a detailed description of the subject matter of
the work.” Id. Where documentation is inadequate, the court may reduce the award accordingly.
Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433 (1983).
In determining a reasonable attorney’s fee, the court will in each case consider the
following factors: time and labor required; the difficulty of questions involved; the skill required
to handle the problems presented; the attorney’s experience, ability, and reputation; the benefits
resulting to the client from the services; the customary fee for similar services; the contingency
or certainty of compensation; the results obtained; and the amount involved. Allen v. Heckler,
588 F.Supp. 1247 (W.D.N.Y. 1984).
However, the EAJA is not designed to reimburse without limit. Pierce v. Underwood,
487 U.S. 552, 573 (1988). The district court is “in the best position to evaluate counsel’s
services and fee request, particularly when the court has had the opportunity to observe firsthand
counsel’s representation on the substantive aspects of the disability claim.” Hickey v. Secretary
of HHS, 923 F.2d 585, 586 (8th Cir. 1991) (quoting Cotter v. Bowen, 879 F.2d 359, 361 (8th Cir.
1989)). The court can determine the reasonableness and accuracy of a fee request, even in the
absence of an objection by the Commissioner. See Decker v. Sullivan, 976 F.2d 456, 459 (8th
Cir. 1992) (“Although the issue was not raised on appeal, fairness to the parties requires an
accurately calculated attorney’s fee award.”).
The Contract with America Advancement Act of 1996, passed on March 29, 1996,
amended the EAJA and increased the statutory ceiling for the EAJA fee awards from $75.00 to
$125.00 per hour. See 28 U.S.C. § 2 412(d)(2)(A). Attorney’s fees may not be awarded in
excess of $125.00 per hour, the maximum statutory rate under § 2412(d)(2)(A), unless the court
finds that an increase in the cost of living or a special factor such as the limited availability of
qualified attorneys justifies a higher fee. 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(2)(A). The decision to increase
the hourly rate is not automatic and remains at the discretion of the district court. McNulty v.
Sullivan, 886 F.2d 1074 (8th Cir. 1989). In Johnson v. Sullivan, 919 F.2d 503 (8th Cir. 1990),
the court stated that the hourly rate may be increased when there is “uncontested proof of an
increase in the cost of living sufficient to justify hourly attorney’s fees of more than $75.00 an
hour,” such as a copy of the Consumer Price Index (“CPI”). In this case, counsel has attached
a copy of the Consumer Price Index as an exhibit and presented evidence of an increase in the
cost of living1. Accordingly, we find that Plaintiff’s counsel is entitled to an hourly rate above
the statutory minimum in the amount of $175.00 per hour. Plaintiff’s counsel has also requested
paralegal hours of work at the rate of $75.00 per hour. We find $75.00 per hour for paralegal
work to be reasonable. See Richlin Security Company v. Chertoff, 553 U.S. 571, 128 S.Ct. 2007
We next address the number of hours Plaintiff’s counsel claims he spent working on this
case. Counsel requests compensation for a total of 12.90 hours for reviewing the transcript,
researching the law, and drafting the appeal brief in this case. ECF No. 13, Ex. A. We find this
time to be excessive. There were no unique or complex issues to be developed in this particular
case, and the transcript consisted of only 231 pages. Counsel frequently represents social
security plaintiffs before this court and should be well versed in social security law. Therefore,
we will deduct 1.90 hours from counsel’s total number of compensable hours.
Counsel also requests .30 paralegal hours for verifying that valid service of summons has
been made upon defendant, executing and filing return of service;.40 hours for preparing and
scanning affidavits, .30 hours for mailing a copy of the brief to the Plaintiff, and .20 hours for
mailing a copy of the decision. ECF No. 13, Ex. A. This time cannot be compensated under the
In accordance with General Order No. 39, we have calculated the cost of living based on the
Consumer Price Index for the South. W e believe that routine application of this standard will result in
consistent hourly fee awards in the W estern District of Arkansas. See Johnson v. Sullivan, 919 F.2d 503, 505
(8th Cir. 1990).
EAJA, as it required no legal expertise and could have been performed by any general member
of counsel's staff. Granville House, Inc. v. Department of HEW, 813 F.2d 881, 884 (8th Cir.
1987)(work which could have been completed by support staff is not compensable under the
EAJA). Accordingly, 1.2 paralegal hours must be deducted from the total compensable time
sought by counsel.
Based on the above, we award Plaintiff's attorney fees under the EAJA for 13.70 (15.60 1.90) attorney hours at the rate of $175.00 per hour, and 3.00 (4.20 - 1.20) paralegal hours at the
rate of $75.00 per hour for a total attorney's fee award of $2622.50 This amount should be paid
in addition to, and not out of, any past due benefits which Plaintiff may be awarded in the future.
The parties are reminded that the award herein under the EAJA will be taken into account
at such time as a reasonable fee is determined pursuant to 42 U.S. C. § 406, in order to prevent
double recovery by counsel for the plaintiff.
We note the Defendant has objected to counsel’s request that the fee be awarded directly
to him. The Supreme Court has held that an EAJA fee award is payable to the prevailing litigant,
not the prevailing litigant’s attorney. Astrue v. Ratliff, 130 S.Ct. 2521, 2522-2523, 177 L.Ed.2d
91 (2010). Therefore, any EAJA award by this Court should be made payable to plaintiff and
not plaintiff's counsel.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 19th day of July, 2011.
/s/ J. Marschewski
HON. JAMES R. MARSCHEWSKI
CHIEF U.S. MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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