Warnock v. Social Security Administration Commissioner
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Honorable Barry A. Bryant on October 13, 2011. (lw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
FORT SMITH DIVISION
KEITH R. WARNOCK
Civil No. 2:10-cv-02146
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE
Commissioner, Social Security Administration
Keith R. Warnock (“Plaintiff”) brings this action pursuant to § 205(g) of Title II of the Social
Security Act (“The Act”), 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) (2010), seeking judicial review of a final decision of
the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (“SSA”) denying his applications for
Supplemental Security Income (“SSI”), Disability Insurance Benefits (“DIB”), and a period of
disability under Titles II and XVI of the Act. The parties have consented to the jurisdiction of a
magistrate judge to conduct any and all proceedings in this case, including conducting the trial,
ordering the entry of a final judgment, and conducting all post-judgment proceedings. ECF No. 9.1
Pursuant to this authority, the Court issues this memorandum opinion and orders the entry of a final
judgment in this matter.
Plaintiff protectively filed his disability applications on February 24, 2009. (Tr. 10, 124-127).
In his applications, Plaintiff alleged he was disabled due to high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes,
residuals of a stroke (short term memory loss), body weakness, inability to handle stress, dizziness,
frequent depression and mood swings, Reiter’s Syndrome, and knee pain. (Tr. 151). Plaintiff alleged
The docket numbers for this case are referenced by the designation “ECF No. ____” The transcript pages
for this case are referenced by the designation “Tr.”
an onset date of July 22, 2008. (Tr. 124). These applications were denied initially and again on
reconsideration. (Tr. 64-67).
Thereafter, Plaintiff requested an administrative hearing on his applications, and this hearing
request was granted. (Tr. 85-89, 34-63). An administrative hearing was held on January 4, 2010 in
Fort Smith, Arkansas. (Tr. 34-63). At this administrative hearing, Plaintiff was present and was
represented by counsel, Fred Caddell. Id. Plaintiff and Vocational Expert (“VE”) Montie Lumpkin
testified at this hearing. Id. On the date of this hearing, Plaintiff was fifty-five (55) years old, which
is defined as a “person of advanced age” under 20 C.F.R. § 404.1563(e) (2008), and had completed
the eleventh grade in school. (Tr. 38).
On May 28, 2010, the ALJ entered an unfavorable decision on Plaintiff’s disability
applications. (Tr. 10-17). In this decision, the ALJ determined Plaintiff met the insured status
requirements of the Act through December 31, 2013. (Tr. 12, Finding 1). The ALJ determined
Plaintiff had not engaged in Substantial Gainful Activity (“SGA”) since July 22, 2008, his alleged
onset date. (Tr. 12, Finding 2). The ALJ determined Plaintiff had the following severe impairments:
Type 2 diabetes mellitus, left shoulder impingement, and osteoarthritis of the knees. (Tr. 12-14,
Finding 3). The ALJ, however, also determined Plaintiff did not have an impairment or combination
of impairments that met or medically equaled one of the listed impairments in 20 C.F.R. Part 404,
Subpart P, Appendix 1. (Tr. 14, Finding 4).
In this decision, the ALJ evaluated Plaintiff’s subjective complaints and determined his RFC.
(Tr. 14-16, Finding 5). First, the ALJ evaluated Plaintiff’s subjective complaints and determined they
were not entirely credible. (Tr. 14-16). Second, the ALJ determined Plaintiff retained the RFC for
After careful consideration of the entire record, the undersigned finds that the claimant
has the residual functional capacity to perform light work as defined in 20 CFR
404.1567(b) and 416.967(b) except he can only occasionally kneel, crouch, and crawl.
. . . [He] can perform occasional overhead reaching with the left upper extremity. He
is left hand dominant.
(Tr. 174, Finding 5). Light work includes the following:
Light work. Light work involves lifting no more than 20 pounds at a time with
frequent lifting or carrying of objects weighing up to 10 pounds. Even though the
weight lifted may be very little, a job is in this category when it requires a good deal
of walking or standing, or when it involves sitting most of the time with some pushing
and pulling of arm or leg controls. To be considered capable of performing a full or
wide range of light work, you must have the ability to do substantially all of these
activities. If someone can do light work, we determine that he or she can also do
sedentary work, unless there are additional limiting factors such as loss of fine
dexterity or inability to sit for long periods of time.
20 C.F.R. § 404.1567(b).
The ALJ evaluated Plaintiff’s Past Relevant Work (“PRW”) and determined his PRW
included work as a furniture inspector (light, semi-skilled) and surveillance system monitor
(sedentary, semi-skilled). (Tr. 16, Finding 6). Based upon his RFC, the ALJ determined Plaintiff
retained the capacity to perform this PRW both as a furniture inspector and as a surveillance system
monitor. Id. Because Plaintiff retained the capacity to perform his PRW, the ALJ determined
Plaintiff had not been under a disability, as defined by the Act, from July 22, 2008 through the date
of her decision or through May 28, 2010. (Tr. 17, Finding 7).
On June 2, 2010, Plaintiff requested that the Appeals Council review the ALJ’s unfavorable
disability determination. (Tr. 4). See 20 C.F.R. § 404.968. On September 16, 2010, the Appeals
Council declined to review the ALJ’s disability determination. (Tr. 1-3). On September 30, 2010,
Plaintiff filed the present appeal. ECF No. 1. The Parties consented to the jurisdiction of this Court
on November 9, 2010. ECF No. 9. Both Parties have filed appeal briefs. ECF Nos. 11-12. This case
is now ready for decision.
In reviewing this case, this Court is required to determine whether the Commissioner’s
findings are supported by substantial evidence on the record as a whole. See 42 U.S.C. § 405(g)
(2006); Ramirez v. Barnhart, 292 F.3d 576, 583 (8th Cir. 2002). Substantial evidence is less than
a preponderance of the evidence, but it is enough that a reasonable mind would find it adequate to
support the Commissioner’s decision. See Johnson v. Apfel, 240 F.3d 1145, 1147 (8th Cir. 2001).
As long as there is substantial evidence in the record that supports the Commissioner’s decision, the
Court may not reverse it simply because substantial evidence exists in the record that would have
supported a contrary outcome or because the Court would have decided the case differently. See
Haley v. Massanari, 258 F.3d 742, 747 (8th Cir. 2001). If, after reviewing the record, it is possible
to draw two inconsistent positions from the evidence and one of those positions represents the
findings of the ALJ, the decision of the ALJ must be affirmed. See Young v. Apfel, 221 F.3d 1065,
1068 (8th Cir. 2000).
It is well established that a claimant for Social Security disability benefits has the burden of
proving his or her disability by establishing a physical or mental disability that lasted at least one year
and that prevents him or her from engaging in any substantial gainful activity. See Cox v. Apfel, 160
F.3d 1203, 1206 (8th Cir. 1998); 42 U.S.C. §§ 423(d)(1)(A), 1382c(a)(3)(A). The Act defines a
“physical or mental impairment” as “an impairment that results from anatomical, physiological, or
psychological abnormalities which are demonstrable by medically acceptable clinical and laboratory
diagnostic techniques.” 42 U.S.C. §§ 423(d)(3), 1382(3)(c). A plaintiff must show that his or her
disability, not simply his or her impairment, has lasted for at least twelve consecutive months. See
42 U.S.C. § 423(d)(1)(A).
To determine whether the adult claimant suffers from a disability, the Commissioner uses the
familiar five-step sequential evaluation. He determines: (1) whether the claimant is presently engaged
in a “substantial gainful activity”; (2) whether the claimant has a severe impairment that significantly
limits the claimant’s physical or mental ability to perform basic work activities; (3) whether the
claimant has an impairment that meets or equals a presumptively disabling impairment listed in the
regulations (if so, the claimant is disabled without regard to age, education, and work experience);
(4) whether the claimant has the Residual Functional Capacity (RFC) to perform his or her past
relevant work; and (5) if the claimant cannot perform the past work, the burden shifts to the
Commissioner to prove that there are other jobs in the national economy that the claimant can
perform. See Cox, 160 F.3d at 1206; 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)-(f). The fact finder only considers
the plaintiff’s age, education, and work experience in light of his or her RFC if the final stage of this
analysis is reached. See 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520, 416.920 (2003).
In his appeal brief, Plaintiff raises the following three arguments: (A) the ALJ erred in her
RFC determination; (B) the ALJ erred in her Step Four Analysis; and (C) the ALJ erred in her
credibility determination. ECF No. 11 at 11-17. In response, Defendant argues that substantial
evidence supports the ALJ’s decision that Plaintiff was not disabled within the meaning of the Act.
ECF No. 12 at 3-13. Specifically, Defendant argues the ALJ properly discounted Plaintiff’s
credibility, properly evaluated Plaintiff’s RFC, properly developed the record, and properly supported
her Step Four Analysis. ECF No. 12 at 3-14. Because the ALJ improperly assessed Plaintiff’s RFC
and failed to properly consider whether Plaintiff needed to take frequent bathroom breaks, this Court
will only address that issue.
In Plaintiff’s appeal brief, he argues that he is unable to sustain gainful employment because
he requires frequent bathroom breaks. ECF No. 11 at 14. Plaintiff also addressed this issue at the
administrative hearing in this matter:
We talked a little about the blood pressure and you were talking about the
diabetes. Do you have to take a lot of restroom breaks?
Oh, yes I do.
I noticed that when we got here you had to run to the restroom.
Well, that was the second time I been to the restroom since I got here.
How often are you having to go from the combination of either the water pills
or the diabetes?
And due to the fact that I drink a lot of water anyway, because I just do. I
drink a lot of water because of the medications and stuff I take. I’d say about
every 20 to 30 minutes I have to go to the bathroom and I can wait no longer
Plaintiff’s testimony regarding his frequent bathroom breaks was also supported by the
findings of his treating physician, Dr. John R. Williams, M.D. On August 3, 2009, Plaintiff reported
having problems with renal insufficiency. (Tr. 241-242). During his appointments on November 18,
2009 and December 16, 2009, Plaintiff again complained of renal insufficiency. (Tr. 239-241).
Indeed, on December 16, 2009, Plaintiff was seen by Dr. Williams with the chief complaint of
decreased renal function. (Tr. 239). Despite these subjective complaints and the medical records
supporting them, the ALJ entirely failed to consider Plaintiff’s limitations in renal functioning in her
RFC assessment. Based upon the record, it appears if Plaintiff were required to take frequent
bathroom breaks, he may be precluded from performing his PRW.2 Accordingly, this case must be
reversed and remanded for further evaluation of whether Plaintiff requires frequent bathroom breaks
and, if so, whether those bathroom breaks preclude him from performing his PRW or other work
existing in significant numbers in the national economy.
Based on the foregoing, the undersigned finds that the decision of the ALJ, denying benefits
to Plaintiff, is not supported by substantial evidence and should be reversed and remanded. A
judgment incorporating these findings will be entered pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
52 and 58.
ENTERED this 13th day of October, 2011.
/s/ Barry A. Bryant
HON. BARRY A. BRYANT
U.S. MAGISTRATE JUDGE
The VE testified that if a hypothetical individual needed to take breaks of five to ten minutes per hour, that
individual could not perform Plaintiff’s PRW without accommodation. (Tr. 60).
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