King v. Social Security Administration Commissioner
ORDER on Attorney Fees in the amount of $3,497.40. This amount should be paid in addition to, and not out of, any past due benefits which plaintiff may be awarded in the future. Further, any EAJA award by this Court should be made payable to plaintiff and not counsel. Signed by Honorable James R. Marschewski on March 27, 2013. (lw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
FORT SMITH DIVISION
JOSHUA T. KING
Civil No. 2:11-cv-02216-JRM
CAROLYN W. COLVIN,1 Commissioner
Social Security Administration
ORDER ON MOTION FOR ATTORNEY’S FEES
Plaintiff, Joshua T. King, appealed the Commissioner’s denial of benefits to this Court.
ECF No. 1.
On January 10, 2013, the undersigned remanded Plaintiff’s case to the
Commissioner pursuant to sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). ECF Nos. 11-12. Plaintiff now
moves for a total of $3,497.40 in attorney’s fees under 28 U.S.C. § 2412, the Equal Access to
Justice Act (“EAJA”), requesting compensation for 20.10 attorney hours at an hourly rate of
$174.00 for work performed in 2011, 2012, and 2013, as well as $406.98 in costs and expenses.
ECF Nos. 13-14. The Commissioner filed a timely response, objecting to: (a) .5 hours of
attorney time; and (b) Plaintiff’s failure to properly label various costs and expenses. ECF No.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A), the court must award attorney’s fees to a
prevailing social security claimant unless the Commissioner’s position in denying benefits was
substantially justified. The burden is on the Commissioner to show substantial justification for
On February 14, 2013, Carolyn W. Colvin became the Acting Commissioner of Social Security.
Pursuant to Rule 25(d)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Carolyn W. Colvin has been substituted for
Commissioner Michael J. Astrue as the defendant in this suit.
the government’s denial of benefits. Jackson v. Bowen, 807 F.2d 127, 128 (8th Cir. 1986). After
reviewing the case, the undersigned finds that Plaintiff is a prevailing party in this matter. Under
Shalala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 302 (1993), a social security claimant who obtains a sentencefour judgment reversing the Commissioner’s denial of benefits and remanding the case for
further proceedings is a prevailing party.
An award of attorney’s fees under the EAJA is appropriate even though at the conclusion
of the case, Plaintiff’s attorney may be authorized to charge and collect a fee pursuant to 42
U.S.C. § 406(b)(1). Recovery of attorney’s fees under both the EAJA and 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)
was specifically allowed when Congress amended the EAJA in 1985. Gisbrecht v. Barnhart,
535 U.S. 789, 796, 122 S.Ct. 1817, 1822, 152 L.Ed.2d 996 (2002), citing Pub.L. 99-80, § 3, 99
Stat. 186 (1985).
To permit a fee award under the EAJA, assuming, of course, that the necessary
standard is met, in addition to that allowed by the district court out of a
claimant’s past-due benefits does no more than reimburse the claimant for his or
her expenses and results in no windfall for the attorney.
Meyers v. Heckler, 625 F.Supp. 228, 231 (S.D.Ohio 1985). Furthermore, awarding fees under
both acts facilitates the purpose of the EAJA, which is to shift to the United States the prevailing
party’s litigation expenses incurred while contesting unreasonable government action. Id. See
also Cornella v. Schweiker, 728 F.2d 978 (8th Cir.1984).
The EAJA further requires an attorney seeking fees to submit “an itemized
statement...stating the actual time expended and the rate at which fees and other expenses were
computed.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(B). Attorneys seeking fees under federal fee-shifting
statutes such as the EAJA are required to present fee applications with “contemporaneous time
records of hours worked and rates claimed, plus a detailed description of the subject matter of
the work.” Id. Where documentation is inadequate, the court may reduce the award accordingly.
Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433 (1983).
In determining a reasonable attorney’s fee, the court will in each case consider the
following factors: time and labor required; the difficulty of questions involved; the skill required
to handle the problems presented; the attorney’s experience, ability, and reputation; the benefits
resulting to the client from the services; the customary fee for similar services; the contingency
or certainty of compensation; the results obtained; and the amount involved. Allen v. Heckler,
588 F.Supp. 1247 (W.D.N.Y. 1984). The district court is “in the best position to evaluate
counsel’s services and fee request, particularly when the court has had the opportunity to observe
firsthand counsel’s representation on the substantive aspects of the disability claim.” Hickey v.
Secretary of HHS, 923 F.2d 585, 586 (8th Cir. 1991) (quoting Cotter v. Bowen, 879 F.2d 359,
361 (8th Cir. 1989)). The court can determine the reasonableness and accuracy of a fee request,
even in the absence of an objection by the Commissioner. See Decker v. Sullivan, 976 F.2d 456,
459 (8th Cir. 1992) (“Although the issue was not raised on appeal, fairness to the parties requires
an accurately calculated attorney’s fee award.”).
The Contract with America Advancement Act of 1996, passed on March 29, 1996,
amended the EAJA and increased the statutory ceiling for the EAJA fee awards from $75.00 to
$125.00 per hour. See 28 U.S.C. § 2 412(d)(2)(A). Attorney’s fees may not be awarded in
excess of $125.00 per hour, the maximum statutory rate under § 2412(d)(2)(A), unless the court
finds that an increase in the cost of living or a special factor such as the limited availability of
qualified attorneys justifies a higher fee. 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(2)(A). The decision to increase
the hourly rate is not automatic and remains at the discretion of the district court. McNulty v.
Sullivan, 886 F.2d 1074 (8th Cir. 1989).
Counsel requests attorney’s fees at an hourly rate of $174.00 for work performed in 2011,
2012, and 2013. ECF No. 13, at 3-4. Counsel’s requested rate is consistent with Amended
General Order 39, which sets forth the maximum hourly rate for EAJA fees in the Western
District of Arkansas. As such, the undersigned finds counsel is entitled to $174.00 for work
performed in 2011, 2012, and 2013.
The court next addresses the number of hours counsel spent working on this case.
Counsel requests a total of 20.10 attorney hours for work performed in 2011, 2012, and 2013.
ECF No. 13, Ex. 3. The Commissioner objects to an entry on March 5, 2012, for .50 hours spent
preparing and filing Plaintiff’s Motion for Withdrawal of Motion.
ECF No. 9.
Commissioner argues that this entry is not properly compensable at the government’s expense.
ECF No. 16, at 1-2. After reviewing the entry, the undersigned concludes that Plaintiff’s counsel
acted in good faith in seeking to introduce new and material evidence, and only withdrew his
Motion to Supplement when he became aware that the additional records pertained to an injury
which took place after the administrative decision. As such, the undersigned finds that the
requested time is reasonable and will not penalize Counsel for acting on behalf of his client.
Accordingly, the undersigned will award 20.10 attorney hours at an hourly rate of $174.00.
Plaintiff also seeks reimbursement of $406.98 for various costs and expenses. ECF No.
13, Ex. 4. The undersigned notes that Plaintiff did not properly itemize his list of costs and
expenses; however, the undersigned finds that these entries are compensable under the EAJA.
See 28 U.S.C. § 1920; 28 U.S.C. § 2412; Kelly v. Bowen, 862 F.2d 1333, 1335 (8th Cir. 1988).
Additionally, the undersigned finds that $36.78 in expenses related to postage and $370.20 in
costs related to filing and copies is reasonable. As Plaintiff’s counsel has now been apprised of
the proper characterization of these fees, proper characterization should be used in the future to
ensure a full award.
Based on the above, the court awards Plaintiff fees under the EAJA in the amount of
$3,497.40 (20.10 attorney hours at an hourly rate of $174.00 for work performed in 2011, 2012,
and 2013), plus $36.78 in expenses related to postage and $370.20 in costs related to filing and
copies. This amount should be paid in addition to, and not out of, any past due benefits which
Plaintiff may be awarded in the future. Further, this award should be made payable directly to
Plaintiff, but may be properly mailed to Plaintiff’s attorney.2 The parties are reminded that the
award under the EAJA will be taken into account at such time as a reasonable fee is determined
pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406, in order to prevent double recovery by counsel for the Plaintiff.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 27th day of March 2013.
/s/ J. Marschewski
HONORABLE JAMES R. MARSCHEWSKI
CHIEF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
On June 14, 2010, the Supreme Court overturned Ratliff v. Astrue, 540 F.3d 800, 802 (8th Cir. 2008),
and held that an EAJA fee award is payable to the prevailing litigant, not the prevailing litigant’s attorney.
Astrue v. Ratliff, 130 S.Ct. 2521, 2252-2253 (2010). Therefore, any EAJA fee awarded by this court should be
payable directly to Plaintiff, but may be properly mailed to Plaintiff’s attorney.
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