Harmon v. Social Security Administration Commissioner
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND JUDGMENT ON FEES; awarding attorney fees in the amount of $4,555.80. This amount should be paid in addition to, and not out of, any past due benefits which plaintiff may be awarded in the future. Further, any EAJA award by this Court should be made payable to plaintiff, bur properly mailed to plaintiff's attorney. Signed by Honorable James R. Marschewski on September 20, 2013. (lw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
FORT SMITH DIVISION
WILLIAM EMMETT HARMON
Civil No. 2:12-cv-02026-JRM
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner of
Social Security Administration1
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND JUDGMENT ON FEES
Plaintiff, William Emmett Harmon, appealed the Commissioner’s denial of benefits to
this Court. ECF No. 1. On March 12, 2013, a judgment was entered remanding Plaintiff’s case
to the Commissioner pursuant to sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). ECF No. 14. On May 28,
2013, Plaintiff filed a Motion for Attorney Fees pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act
(“EAJA”), 28 U.S.C. § 2412, requesting compensation for 28.30 attorney hours at an hourly rate
of $180 for work performed in 2012 and $183.00 for work performed in 2013. ECF No. 15, Exs.
1, 3. The Commissioner filed a timely response, objecting to: (a) a total of 5.25 attorney hours
for work performed at the administrative level; and (b) a total of 1.50 attorney hours for tasks
deemed clerical or duplicative in nature. ECF No. 16, at 2-4.
Subsequently, the undersigned scheduled a hearing on Plaintiff’s motion, which was set
for September 11, 2013. Following notice of the hearing, Attorney Michelle Montemayor
notified the Court that an agreement had been reached between the parties. In the proposed
agreement, Counsel for Plaintiff and Counsel for the Commissioner agreed to compensation for
On February 14, 2013, Carolyn W. Colvin became the Acting Commissioner of Social Security.
Pursuant to Rule 25(d)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Carolyn W. Colvin has been substituted for
Commissioner Michael J. Astrue as the defendant in this suit.
24.70 attorney hours at an hourly rate of $180.00 for work performed in 2012 and $183.00 for
work performed in 2013, for a total attorney’s fee award of $4,555.80. Since no remaining issues
were in dispute, the undersigned canceled the hearing on Plaintiff’s EAJA fee motion.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A), the court must award attorney’s fees to a
prevailing social security claimant unless the Commissioner’s position in denying benefits was
substantially justified. The burden is on the Commissioner to show substantial justification for
the government’s denial of benefits. Jackson v. Bowen, 807 F.2d 127, 128 (8th Cir. 1986). After
reviewing the file, the undersigned finds that Plaintiff is a prevailing party in this matter. Under
Shalala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 302 (1993), a social security claimant who obtains a sentencefour judgment reversing the Commissioner’s denial of benefits and remanding the case for
further proceedings is a prevailing party.
An award of attorney’s fees under the EAJA is appropriate even though at the conclusion
of the case, Plaintiff’s attorney may be authorized to charge and collect a fee pursuant to 42
U.S.C. § 406(b)(1). Recovery of attorney’s fees under both the EAJA and 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)
was specifically allowed when Congress amended the EAJA in 1985. Gisbrecht v. Barnhart,
535 U.S. 789, 796, 122 S.Ct. 1817, 1822, 152 L.Ed.2d 996 (2002), citing Pub.L. 99-80, § 3, 99
Stat. 186 (1985).
To permit a fee award under the EAJA, assuming, of course, that the necessary
standard is met, in addition to that allowed by the district court out of a
claimant’s past-due benefits does no more than reimburse the claimant for his or
her expenses and results in no windfall for the attorney.
Meyers v. Heckler, 625 F.Supp. 228, 231 (S.D.Ohio 1985). Furthermore, awarding fees under
both acts facilitates the purpose of the EAJA, which is to shift to the United States the prevailing
party’s litigation expenses incurred while contesting unreasonable government action. Id. See
also Cornella v. Schweiker, 728 F.2d 978 (8th Cir.1984).
The EAJA further requires an attorney seeking fees to submit “an itemized
statement...stating the actual time expended and the rate at which fees and other expenses were
computed.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(B). Attorneys seeking fees under federal fee-shifting
statutes such as the EAJA are required to present fee applications with “contemporaneous time
records of hours worked and rates claimed, plus a detailed description of the subject matter of
the work.” Id. Where documentation is inadequate, the court may reduce the award accordingly.
Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433 (1983).
In determining a reasonable attorney’s fee, the court will in each case consider the
following factors: time and labor required; the difficulty of questions involved; the skill required
to handle the problems presented; the attorney’s experience, ability, and reputation; the benefits
resulting to the client from the services; the customary fee for similar services; the contingency
or certainty of compensation; the results obtained; and the amount involved. Allen v. Heckler,
588 F.Supp. 1247 (W.D.N.Y. 1984). The district court is “in the best position to evaluate
counsel’s services and fee request, particularly when the court has had the opportunity to observe
firsthand counsel’s representation on the substantive aspects of the disability claim.” Hickey v.
Secretary of HHS, 923 F.2d 585, 586 (8th Cir. 1991) (quoting Cotter v. Bowen, 879 F.2d 359,
361 (8th Cir. 1989)). The court can determine the reasonableness and accuracy of a fee request,
even in the absence of an objection by the Commissioner. See Decker v. Sullivan, 976 F.2d 456,
459 (8th Cir. 1992) (“Although the issue was not raised on appeal, fairness to the parties requires
an accurately calculated attorney’s fee award.”).
The Contract with America Advancement Act of 1996, passed on March 29, 1996,
amended the EAJA and increased the statutory ceiling for the EAJA fee awards from $75.00 to
$125.00 per hour. See 28 U.S.C. § 2 412(d)(2)(A). Attorney’s fees may not be awarded in
excess of $125.00 per hour, the maximum statutory rate under § 2412(d)(2)(A), unless the court
finds that an increase in the cost of living or a special factor such as the limited availability of
qualified attorneys justifies a higher fee. 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(2)(A). The decision to increase
the hourly rate is not automatic and remains at the discretion of the district court. McNulty v.
Sullivan, 886 F.2d 1074 (8th Cir. 1989). In Johnson v. Sullivan, 919 F.2d 503 (8th Cir. 1990),
the court stated that the hourly rate may be increased when there is “uncontested proof of an
increase in the cost of living sufficient to justify hourly attorney’s fees of more than $75.00 an
hour,” such as a copy of the Consumer Price Index (“CPI”).
In this instance, Plaintiff’s counsel requests attorney’s fees at an hourly rate of $180.00
for work performed in 2012 and $183.00 for work performed in 2013. ECF No. 15, Ex. 3.
Counsel attached a copy of the CPI- South Urban as evidence that this rate is a proper reflection
of the cost of living. ECF No. 15, Ex. 2. Counsel’s requested rate is consistent with Amended
General Order 39, which sets the maximum hourly rate for EAJA fees in the Western District
of Arkansas. Accordingly, the undersigned finds that Plaintiff’s counsel is entitled to an hourly
rate of $180.00 for work performed in 2012 and $183.00 for work performed in 2013.
The court next addresses the number of hours Plaintiff’s counsel claims he spent working
on this case. Counsel requests a total of 24.70 attorney hours for work performed in 2012 and
2013. The undersigned finds that the requested time is reasonable and awards the full 24.70
hours. Accordingly, the Court finds that Plaintiff is entitled to 24.70 attorney hours at an hourly
rate of $180.00 for work performed in 2012 and $183.00 for work performed in 2013.
Based on the above, the Court awards Plaintiff fees under the EAJA for 24.70 attorney
hours at an hourly rate of $180.00 for work performed in 2012 and $183.00 for work performed
in 2013, for a total attorney’s fee award of $4,555.80.2 This amount should be paid in addition
to, and not out of, any past due benefits which Plaintiff may be awarded in the future. Further,
this award should be made payable directly to Plaintiff, but may be properly mailed to Plaintiff’s
attorney.3 The parties are reminded that the award under the EAJA will be taken into account
at such time as a reasonable fee is determined pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406, in order to prevent
double recovery by counsel for the Plaintiff.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 20th day of September 2013.
/s/ J. Marschewski
HONORABLE JAMES R. MARSCHEWSKI
CHIEF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
The undersigned notes that neither party submitted a detailed calculation of the fee agreement that
On June 14, 2010, the Supreme Court overturned Ratliff v. Astrue, 540 F.3d 800, 802 (8th Cir. 2008),
and held that an EAJA fee award is payable to the prevailing litigant, not the prevailing litigant’s attorney.
Astrue v. Ratliff, 130 S.Ct. 2521, 2252-2253 (2010). Therefore, any EAJA fee awarded by this court should be
payable directly to Plaintiff, but may be properly mailed to Plaintiff’s attorney.
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