Turner v. Social Security Administration Commissioner et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Honorable Barry A. Bryant on February 21, 2017. (lw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS
FORT SMITH DIVISION
ROSE MARIE TURNER
Civil No. 2:16-cv-02071
Acting Commissioner, Social Security Administration
Rose Marie Turner (“Plaintiff”) brings this action pursuant to § 205(g) of Title II of the
Social Security Act (“The Act”), 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) (2010), seeking judicial review of a final
decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (“SSA”) denying her
applications for a period of disability, Disability Insurance Benefits (“DIB”), and Supplemental
Security Income (“SSI”) under Titles II and XVI of the Act.
The Parties have consented to the jurisdiction of a magistrate judge to conduct any and all
proceedings in this case, including conducting the trial, ordering the entry of a final judgment, and
conducting all post-judgment proceedings. ECF No. 6.1 Pursuant to this authority, the Court issues
this memorandum opinion and orders the entry of a final judgment in this matter.
Plaintiff protectively filed her disability application for DIB on January 16, 2013 and for SSI
on January 22, 2013. (Tr. 12, 263-270). In her applications, Plaintiff alleges being disabled due to
early disc degeneration, a disc bulge, and spondylosis at L2-3, and type 2 endplate disease at L5-S1.
(Tr. 299). Plaintiff alleges an onset date of December 27, 2009, which was later amended to
The docket numbers for this case are referenced by the designation “ECF No. ___.” The transcript pages
for this case are referenced by the designation “Tr.”
February 1, 2011. (Tr. 30, 263, 269). These applications were denied initially and again upon
reconsideration. (Tr. 12). Thereafter, Plaintiff requested an administrative hearing on her denied
applications, and this hearing request was granted. (Tr. 152).
Plaintiff’s administrative hearing was held on August 20, 2014. (Tr. 25-76). Plaintiff was
present and was represented by counsel, Jim O’Hern, at this hearing. Id. Plaintiff, her friend Claudia
Ross, and Vocational Expert (“VE”) Jim B. Spragins testified at this hearing. Id. At this hearing,
Plaintiff testified he was forty-eight (48) years old, and had a ninth grade education. (Tr. 28).
After this hearing, on November 10, 2014, the ALJ entered an unfavorable decision denying
Plaintiff’s DIB and SSI applications. (Tr. 12-19). In this decision, the ALJ determined Plaintiff met
the insured status requirements of the Act through March 31, 2013. (Tr. 14, Finding 1). The ALJ
also determined Plaintiff had not engaged in Substantial Gainful Activity (“SGA”) since February
1, 2011. (Tr. 14, Finding 2).
The ALJ then determined Plaintiff had the following severe impairments: degenerative disc
disease diabetes mellitus, asthma, obesity, and shoulder diabetic peripheral neuropathy. (Tr. 14,
Finding 3). However, the ALJ also determined Plaintiff’s impairments did not meet or medically
equal the requirements of any of the Listings of Impairments in Appendix 1 to Subpart P of
Regulations No. 4 (“Listings”). (Tr. 14-15, Finding 4).
In his decision, the ALJ evaluated Plaintiff’s subjective complaints and determined her
Residual Functional Capacity (“RFC”). (Tr. 15-17, Finding 5). First, the ALJ indicated he evaluated
Plaintiff’s subjective complaints and found her claimed limitations were not entirely credible. Id.
Second, the ALJ determined Plaintiff retained the RFC to perform sedentary work, except she could
never climb ropes or ladders; could occasionally climb stairs, balance, crawl, kneel, stoop, crouch,
and reach overhead bilaterally; and must avoid hazards and exposure to temperature extremes,
wetness, humidity, fumes, gases, and particulate matter; and avoid hazards. Id.
The ALJ evaluated Plaintiff’s Past Relevant Work (“PRW”) and found Plaintiff was unable
to perform her PRW. (Tr. 17, Finding 6). The ALJ then considered whether Plaintiff retained the
capacity to perform other work existing in significant numbers in the national economy. (Tr. 18,
Finding 10). The VE testified at the administrative hearing on this issue. Id. Based upon that
testimony, the ALJ determined Plaintiff retained the capacity to perform the following occupations:
(1) small products assembler with 181,000 such jobs in the nation and 3,600 such jobs in Arkansas,
(2) escort vehicle driver with 20,000 such jobs in the nation and 20 such jobs in Arkansas, and (3)
document preparer with 15,000 such jobs in the nation and 200 such jobs in Arkansas Id. Because
Plaintiff retained the capacity to perform this other work, the ALJ determined Plaintiff had not been
under a disability, as defined by the Act, since May 3, 2012. (Tr. 19, Finding 11).
Thereafter, Plaintiff requested the Appeals Council’s review of the ALJ’s unfavorable
decision. (Tr. 7-8). On February 2, 2016, the Appeals Council denied this request for review. (Tr.
1-6). Plaintiff then filed the present appeal on March 28, 2016. ECF No. 1. The Parties consented
to the jurisdiction of this Court on April 1, 2016. ECF No. 6. Both parties have field appeal briefs.
ECF Nos. 12, 13. This case is now ready for decision
In reviewing this case, this Court is required to determine whether the Commissioner’s
findings are supported by substantial evidence on the record as a whole. See 42 U.S.C. § 405(g)
(2006); Ramirez v. Barnhart, 292 F.3d 576, 583 (8th Cir. 2002). Substantial evidence is less than
a preponderance of the evidence, but it is enough that a reasonable mind would find it adequate to
support the Commissioner’s decision. See Johnson v. Apfel, 240 F.3d 1145, 1147 (8th Cir. 2001).
As long as there is substantial evidence in the record that supports the Commissioner’s
decision, the Court may not reverse it simply because substantial evidence exists in the record that
would have supported a contrary outcome or because the Court would have decided the case
differently. See Haley v. Massanari, 258 F.3d 742, 747 (8th Cir. 2001). If, after reviewing the
record, it is possible to draw two inconsistent positions from the evidence and one of those positions
represents the findings of the ALJ, the decision of the ALJ must be affirmed. See Young v. Apfel,
221 F.3d 1065, 1068 (8th Cir. 2000).
It is well-established that a claimant for Social Security disability benefits has the burden of
proving his or her disability by establishing a physical or mental disability that lasted at least one
year and that prevents him or her from engaging in any substantial gainful activity. See Cox v. Apfel,
160 F.3d 1203, 1206 (8th Cir. 1998); 42 U.S.C. §§ 423(d)(1)(A), 1382c(a)(3)(A). The Act defines
a “physical or mental impairment” as “an impairment that results from anatomical, physiological,
or psychological abnormalities which are demonstrable by medically acceptable clinical and
laboratory diagnostic techniques.” 42 U.S.C. §§ 423(d)(3), 1382(3)(c). A plaintiff must show that
his or her disability, not simply his or her impairment, has lasted for at least twelve consecutive
months. See 42 U.S.C. § 423(d)(1)(A).
To determine whether the adult claimant suffers from a disability, the Commissioner uses
the familiar five-step sequential evaluation. He determines: (1) whether the claimant is presently
engaged in a “substantial gainful activity”; (2) whether the claimant has a severe impairment that
significantly limits the claimant’s physical or mental ability to perform basic work activities; (3)
whether the claimant has an impairment that meets or equals a presumptively disabling impairment
listed in the regulations (if so, the claimant is disabled without regard to age, education, and work
experience); (4) whether the claimant has the Residual Functional Capacity (RFC) to perform his
or her past relevant work; and (5) if the claimant cannot perform the past work, the burden shifts to
the Commissioner to prove that there are other jobs in the national economy that the claimant can
perform. See Cox, 160 F.3d at 1206; 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)-(f). The fact finder only considers
the plaintiff’s age, education, and work experience in light of his or her RFC if the final stage of this
analysis is reached. See 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520, 416.920 (2003).
In her appeal brief, Plaintiff claims the ALJ’s disability determination is not supported by
substantial evidence in the record. ECF No. 12, Pgs. 13-20. Specifically, Plaintiff claims the ALJ
erred: (1) in failing to find Plaintiff met a Listing, (2) in failing to fully and fairly develop the record,
(3) in the RFC determination, and (4) in the credibility determination of Plaintiff. Id. In response,
the Defendant argues the ALJ did not err in any of his findings. ECF No. 13. Because this Court
finds the ALJ erred in the credibility determination of Plaintiff, this Court will only address this
In assessing the credibility of a claimant, the ALJ is required to examine and to apply the five
factors from Polaski v. Heckler, 739 F.2d 1320 (8th Cir. 1984) or from 20 C.F.R. § 404.1529 and
20 C.F.R. § 416.929.2 See Shultz v. Astrue, 479 F.3d 979, 983 (2007). The factors to consider are
as follows: (1) the claimant’s daily activities; (2) the duration, frequency, and intensity of the pain;
Social Security Regulations 20 C.F.R. § 404.1529 and 20 C.F.R. § 416.929 require the analysis of two
additional factors: (1) “treatment, other than medication, you receive or have received for relief of your pain or other
symptoms” and (2) “any measures you use or have used to relieve your pain or symptoms (e.g., lying flat on your
back, standing for 15 to 20 minutes every hour, sleeping on a board, etc.).” However, under Polaski and its progeny,
the Eighth Circuit has not yet required the analysis of these additional factors. See Shultz v. Astrue, 479 F.3d 979,
983 (2007). Thus, this Court will not require the analysis of these additional factors in this case.
(3) the precipitating and aggravating factors; (4) the dosage, effectiveness, and side effects of
medication; and (5) the functional restrictions. See Polaski, 739 at 1322.
The factors must be analyzed and considered in light of the claimant’s subjective complaints
of pain. See id. The ALJ is not required to methodically discuss each factor as long as the ALJ
acknowledges and examines these factors prior to discounting the claimant’s subjective complaints.
See Lowe v. Apfel, 226 F.3d 969, 971-72 (8th Cir. 2000). As long as the ALJ properly applies these
five factors and gives several valid reasons for finding that the Plaintiff’s subjective complaints are
not entirely credible, the ALJ’s credibility determination is entitled to deference. See id.; Cox v.
Barnhart, 471 F.3d 902, 907 (8th Cir. 2006). The ALJ, however, cannot discount Plaintiff’s
subjective complaints “solely because the objective medical evidence does not fully support them
[the subjective complaints].” Polaski, 739 F.2d at 1322.
When discounting a claimant’s complaint of pain, the ALJ must make a specific credibility
determination, articulating the reasons for discrediting the testimony, addressing any
inconsistencies, and discussing the Polaski factors. See Baker v. Apfel, 159 F.3d 1140, 1144 (8th
Cir. 1998). The inability to work without some pain or discomfort is not a sufficient reason to find
a Plaintiff disabled within the strict definition of the Act. The issue is not the existence of pain, but
whether the pain a Plaintiff experiences precludes the performance of substantial gainful activity.
See Thomas v. Sullivan, 928 F.2d 255, 259 (8th Cir. 1991).
In the present action, the ALJ did not comply with the requirements of Polaski. Instead of
complying with Polaski and considering the Polaski factors, the ALJ only focused on Plaintiff’s
medical records and the opinions of Plaintiff’s treating physicians. (Tr. 15-17). First, the ALJ
summarized Plaintiff’s medical records. Id. After summarizing those records, the ALJ then
provided an entirely unhelpful and conclusory reason for discounting Plaintiff’s subjective
After careful consideration of the evidence, the undersigned finds that the claimant’s
medically determinable impairments could reasonably be expected to cause the
alleged symptoms; however, the claimant’s statements concerning the intensity,
persistence and limiting effects of these symptoms are not entirely credible for the
reasons explained in this decision.
Accordingly, the Court finds the ALJ’s decision to discount Plaintiff’s subjective complaints
without a sufficient basis was improper under Polaski. See Polaski, 739 F.2d at 1322 (holding a
claimant’s subjective complaints cannot be discounted “solely because the objective medical
evidence does not fully support them [the subjective complaints]”). Accordingly, because the ALJ
provided no valid reason for discounting Plaintiff’s subjective complaints, this case must be reversed
Based on the foregoing, the undersigned finds that the decision of the ALJ, denying benefits
to Plaintiff, is not supported by substantial evidence and should be reversed and remanded. A
judgment incorporating these findings will be entered pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
52 and 58.
ENTERED this 21st day of February 2017.
/s/ Barry A. Bryant
HON. BARRY A. BRYANT
U. S. MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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